Jenny M. Roberts
Professor of Law
Associate Dean for Scholarship
Office: Room Y222
Jenny Roberts is a Professor of Law and the Associate Dean for Scholarship. She currently co-directs the Criminal Justice Clinic and teaches Criminal Law. Her research focuses on the right to counsel, misdemeanors and the lower criminal courts, collateral consequences of criminal convictions, and indigent defense. Professor Roberts’ work has been cited by the U.S. Supreme Court, a number of state high and lower federal courts, and in numerous briefs to the Supreme Court and other courts. She won the Pauline Ruyle Moore Scholar Award for her article Why Misdemeanors Matter: Defining Effective Advocacy in the Lower Criminal Courts, 45 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 277 (2011). Professor Roberts received the American University Faculty Award for Outstanding Scholarship, Research, Creative Activity, and Other Professional Contributions in 2014.
Professor Roberts sits on the National Research Advisory Board for the Misdemeanor Justice Project at John Jay College. She served as co-President of the Clinical Legal Education Association, the nation's largest association of law teachers in 2014, and was a member of CLEA’s Executive Committee (2012-14) and Board of Directors (2008-14). Professor Roberts served as the Reporter for the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (NACDL)’s Task Force on Restoration of Rights and Status After Conviction, which held a series of regional hearings and issued a report with recommendations relating to legal mechanisms for relief from the collateral consequences of criminal convictions in the state and federal systems. She was on the board of the Mid-Atlantic Innocence Project from 2012-15, and is a current member of the Academic Advisory Board for the NACDL's "Getting Scholarship into Courts Project."
Professor Roberts previously taught at Syracuse University and in NYU's Lawyering program. Prior to teaching, she was a Senior Research Fellow at NYU Law School's Center for Research in Crime & Justice, a public defender in Manhattan, and a law clerk in the Southern District of New York.
Areas of Specialization
- Clinical Legal Education
- Criminal Law
- Criminal Procedure
- Sentencing Law
Degrees & Universities
- J.D., New York University School of Law
- B.A., Yale University
- Jenny M. Roberts & Ronald Wright, Training for Bargaining, __ Wm. & Mary L. Rev. __ (forthcoming 2016).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Expunging America's Rap Sheet in the Information Age, 2015 Wis. L. Rev. 321 (2015). SSRN Link
- Collateral Damage: America’s Failure to Forgive or Forget in the War on Crime (Report of the Task Force on the Restoration of Rights and Status After Conviction, Natl. Assn. of Crim. Def. Law. (Reporter). SSRN Link
- Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Law, Policy, & Practice (West 2013) (with Margaret Colgate Love & Cecelia Klingele).
- Effective Plea Bargaining Counsel 122 Yale L.J. 2650 (2013). SSRN Link
- Crashing the Misdemeanor System 70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1089 (2013).
- Why Misdemeanors Matter: Defining Effective Advocacy in the Lower Criminal Courts 45 UC Davis L. Rev. 277 (2011). SSRN Link
- Amicus Brief to United States Supreme Court in Smith v. Cain 2011 WL 3739380 (Aug. 19, 2011).
- Proving Prejudice, Post-Padilla 54 How. L.J. 693 (2011).
- Ignorance is Effectively Bliss: Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions, Silence and Misinformation in the Guilty Plea Process 95 Iowa L. Rev. 119 (2009). SSRN Link
- The Mythical Divide Between Collateral and Direct Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Involuntary Commitment of “Sexually Violent Predators 93 Minn. L. Rev. 670 (2008). SSRN Link
- Little, Too Late: Ineffective Assistance of Counsel, the Duty to Investigate, and Pretrial Discovery in Criminal Cases 31 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1097 (2004). SSRN Link
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, The Science of Plea Negotiations: An Interactive Presentation of Tips & Tactics (Defending from A to Z: 2015 Annual CJA Fall Seminar, Federal Defender Program for the Northern District of Illinois and Illinois Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers’, Chi., Ill., Nov. 20, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panelist, Implications for Policy (Misdemeanor Justice Project Conference John Jay College of Criminal Justice, N.Y.C., N.Y., Nov. 17, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Invited Participant, Quality Legal Representation: Definition, Measurement, Theory, and Practice (NY State Office of Indigent Legal Services & SUNY Albany School of Criminal Justice, Albany, N.Y., Oct. 29-30, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, Training for Bargaining (Faculty Speaker Series, Roger Williams Law School, Bristol, R.I., Oct. 21, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, Defining ‘Wrongful Conviction’ for Misdemeanors (Albany School of Criminal Justice (NIJ/NSF-funded) Workshop, Elephants in the Courtroom: Examining Overlooked Issues in Wrongful Convictions, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Va., Oct. 16, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panelist, Criminal Histories and the “Right to Move On" (10th Conference on Privacy and Public Access to Court Records & Proceedings, The Center for Legal and Court Technology, Williamsburg, Va., Oct. 12, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panelist, Looking Ahead at the New Supreme Court Term (American University Washington College of Law, D.C., Sept. 30, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Speaker/Critic, Author-Meets-Critics Session on Prof. James Jacobs’ THE ETERNAL CRIMINAL RECORD (Hoffinger Colloquium, New York University School of Law, N.Y.C., N.Y., Sept. 30, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Workshop, Training for Bargaining (Clinical Law Review Writer’s Workshop, New York University School of Law, N.Y.C., N.Y., Sept. 26, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panelist, Barriers to Re-entry: Covering Collateral Consequences of Conviction (National Association of Black Journalists Annual Convention, Minneapolis, Minn., Aug. 6, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, Federal Reentry Roundtable (Department of Justice, D.C., June 18, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Paper Presentation, Plea Bargaining on the Ground (Plea Bargaining: Innocence, Fairness, and Empirics, Law & Society, Seattle, Wash., May 30, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Testimony, Hearing on Collateral Consequences (Pennsylvania State Senate, Harrisburg, Pa., May 12, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Keynote Speaker, Breaking the Chains: The Collateral Consequences of Arrests & Convictions (Reentry Conference, Loudon County, Va., May 11, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, Plea Bargaining on the Ground (Works-in-Progress Session, AALS Clinical Conference, Palm Springs, Cal., May 6, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Co-organizer, Presenter, & Small Group Leader, New Clinicians Conference (, Clinical Legal Education Association, Palm Springs, Cal., May 4, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Organizer & Participant, DC-Area Criminal Law & Procedure Scholars Gathering (American University Washington College of Law, D.C., Apr. 17, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Planning Committee Member, Panelist, & Moderator, National Summit on Collateral Consequences (American Bar Association, Criminal Justice Section, D.C., Feb. 27, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Speaker, Plea Bargaining on the Ground (, Cornell Law School Faculty Speaker Series, Ithaca, N.Y., Jan. 30, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panelist & Paper Presentation, The Bargaining Part of Plea Bargaining (Emerging Issues in Plea Bargaining, AALS Criminal Justice Section, D.C., Jan. 4, 2015).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Panel Participant, Open Forum on Ferguson and Beyond (American University Washington College of Law, D.C., Nov. 25, 2014).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, The Role of Clinical Legal Education Programs and Special Legal Issues for Attorneys Practicing in the Adversarial System (Judicial System Administration and Leadership Certificate Program (in partnership with Fulbright Commission of Argentina), American University School of Public Affairs, D.C., Oct. 24, 2014).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Presentation, Expungement of Criminal Records in the Mass Criminalization and Information Age (University of Wisconsin School of Law, Law Review Symposium: Beyond the Sentence: Collateral Consequences of Conviction, Madison, Wis., Oct. 3, 2014).
- Jenny M. Roberts, Testimony, Bill to Amend “Unit” Rule in Maryland State Expungement Law (Judicial Proceedings Committee, Maryland State Senate, Annapolis, Md., Mar. 1, 2012).
Selected Media Appearances
- Chat with a Lawyer, "Impact of Mass Criminalization" (Chat with a Lawyer Aug. 29, 2015) (Interview).
- Reuters Investigates, "At America’s Court of Last Resort, a Handful of Lawyers Now Dominates the Docket" (Thomson Reuters Dec. 8, 2014) (Quoted).
- The New York Times, "Oregon’s Legal Sale of Marijuana Comes with Reprieve" (N.Y. Times Sept. 20, 2013) (Quoted).
- The New York Times, "The Collateral Victims of Criminal Justice" (N.Y. Times Sept. 5, 2013) (Quoted).
- crImmigration Blog, "Proportionality in Immigration Reform Part I: Aggravated Felonie" (crimmigration.com May 28, 2013) (Article citedWhy Misdemeanors Matter).
- The Washington Post, "Immigrants Take Guilty Pleas Without Lawyers and Can Later be Deported" (Wash. Post Jan. 27, 2013) (Interview).
- The Economist, "Thumb on the Scale: How Mandatory Minimum Sentences Distort Plea Bargaining" (The Economist Newsp. Ltd. Jan. 26, 2013) (Interview).
- Bloomberg BNA Criminal Law Reporter, "Justices Resolve Case Without Addressing Possible Remedies for Ineffective Assistance" (Bloomberg BNA 2013) (Quoted).
- Voices with Vision, "Indigent Defense Crisis" (WPFW 89.3 FM Nov. 27, 2012) (Interview).
- Los Angeles Daily Journal/San Francisco Daily Journal, "Justices Lean Toward Judicial Discretion in Criminal Cases; In 5-4 Decisions The Justices Lean Pro-Defendant By Judicial Discretion" (Daily J. Corp. July 12, 2012) (Quoted).
- The New York Times, "Supreme Court to Weigh Effects of Bad Plea Advice" (N.Y. Times Oct. 30, 2011) (Quoted).
- The Chronicle of Higher Education, "American Bar Association Takes Heat From Advisory Panel on Accreditation" (The Chronicle of Higher Ed. June 9, 2011) (Quoted).
- ABA Jounral, "Task Force Probes Defense Lawyers' Role After Padilla" (ABA Apr. 1, 2011) (Quoted).