International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia: Chronology
29 December 2007: The provisional release of Mladen Markac is terminated and the Government of Croatia has been requested to arrest him and transfer him back to the Netherlands. The request was made of Markac was found violating the terms of his release by leaving his residence without permission to go on a hunting expedition. Markac was the Commander of the Special Police of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Croatia.
19 December 2007: The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina receives an order from the ICTY requesting that Rasim Delic be placed under house arrest for violating the terms of his provisional release. Delic was released on the condition that he would only discuss his pending case with his defense counsel, but he was found to have discussed the case with Haris Silajdzic, member of the Federation of BiH Presidency.
19 December 2007: Portugal enters into an agreement to enforce sentences issued from the ICTY, which will allow for persons convicted to serve their sentences in Portugal’s prisons.
14 December 2007: In the case of Haradinaj et al., Ramush Haradinaj and Lahi Brahimaj are granted provisional release starting 21 December 2007 through 8 January 2008. Both were members of the Kosovo Liberation Army and are accused of criminal activity in the Dukagjin operational zone.
12 December 2007: Dragomir Milosevic, a former Bosnian Serb Army general, is sentenced to 33 years in prison after being found guilty of committing crimes against humanity and violating the laws or customs of war during the final months of the siege of Sarajevo from 1992-1995, in which approximately 10,000 people died. The Trial Chamber convicted him on five counts of terror, murder, and inhumane acts which resulted in the deaths of numerous civilians. Two counts of unlawful attacks against civilians were dismissed.
11 December 2007: The Appeals Chamber grants Veselin Sljivancanin provisional release pending his appeal hearing. Sljivancanin, former senior officer of the Yugoslav People’s Army, was convicted to five years in prison by the Trial Chamber on one count of aiding and abetting torture.
11 December 2007: Vinko Pandurevic is granted provisional release to attend a memorial service for his father. Pandurevic, former Lieutenant Colonel in command of the Zvornik Brigate of the Drina Corps of the Bosnian Serb Army, is charged with committing crimes against Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica and Zepa in 1995.
7 December 2007: Milan Gvero, Radivoje Miletic and Milan Milutinovic are granted temporary provisional release during the ICTY’s winter recess. Gvero and Miletic were high-ranking military officials of the Bosnian Serb Army and is charged with committing crimes against Bosnian Muslims during 1995. Milutinovic, the former President of Serbia, is charged with allegedly committing in Kosovo in 1999.
28 September 2007: In the Mrksic et al. case, Mile Mrksic, former Yugoslav commander, is sentenced to 20 years for the war crimes of aiding and abetting in the murder, cruel treatment and torture of 194 non-Serb prisoners-of-war who were taken from Vukovar Hospital and subsequently murdered by Serb paramilitaries. Mrksic's subordinate officer, Veselin Sljivancanin, is sentenced to 5 years in prison for aiding and abetting torture. Miroslav Radic is acquitted on lack of evidence. All are acquitted of charges of crimes against humanity, because the Trial Chamber determined they acted with the understanding that the victims were all prisoners of war, not civilians. They were also acquitted of participating in a joint criminal enterprise.
27 September 2007: In the Limaj et al. case, the Appeals Chamber upholds the acquittal of Fatmir Limaj and Isak Musliu, and the conviction of Haradin Bala and his thirteen-year sentence. Bala is convicted of torture, cruel treatment and murder of Serb and Kosovar Albanian citizens held in the KLA-run Llapushnik prison camp from May to July 1998. The Appeals Chamber rejects the Prosecution's claim that the three former Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) officers acted as part of a joint criminal enterprise.
26 September 2007: Judge Fausto Pocar of Italy and Judge Kevin Parker of Australia are re-elected by the Tribunal's permanent judges to serve as ICTY's President and Vice-President for another two-year term, effective November 17, 2007.
14 September 2007: In Resolution 1775 (2007), the United Nations Security Council extends the mandate of Carla Del Ponte as prosecutor of the ICTY from September 15, 2007, until December 31, 2007, in order to provide for a smooth transition with her successor, who has yet to be appointed.
7 September 2007: In the Delic case, the Trial Chamber commences an evidentiary hearing at the War Crimes Chamber in Sarajevo, at the request of the Prosecution. The hearing involves the testimony of a witness who cannot leave Bosnia due to personal circumstances. The ICTY Trial Chamber will maintain control of the proceedings, which will last for up to three days. The trial will then resume in The Hague.
7 August 2007: Ukraine enters into an agreement on enforcement of sentences with the ICTY which will allow for convicted persons to serve their sentences in Ukrainian prisons. The other countries to enter such agreements are Belgium, the United Kingdom, Italy, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Austria, France, Spain, Denmark, and Germany.
20 July 2007: In the Lukic case, the referral bench revokes its 5 April 2007 decision to transfer Sredoje Lukic to the War Crimes Chamber in Sarajevo. Instead, he will be tried jointly with his cousin Milan Lukic, former leader of the Bosnian Serb paramilitary group the White Eagles, of which Sredoje Lukić was a member. The referral bench reasoned that it was in the interest of justice to combine the trials, that the two cases are closely related, and that having separate trials would have increased trauma to victims who would have had to testify twice.
9 July 2007: The trial of Rasim Delic commences. As a former commander of the Army of Bosnia and Hercegovina, Delic is accused on the basis of command responsibility of the war crimes of murder, cruel treatment and rape of captured Bosnian Croat combatants and civilians, and torture of captured Bosnian Serb soldiers.
17 June 2007: Vlastimir Djordjevic, a former Serbian police general accused of ordering the deportation of 800,000 Kosovars and the killing of ethnic Albanians in Kosovo in 1998 and 1999, is arrested in Montenegro. Only four suspects publicly indicted by the ICTY remain at large, including Ratko Mladic.
12 June 2007: in the Martic case, Milan Martic is convicted of murder, torture and persecution and sentenced to 35 years in prison for his role in the ethnic cleansing campaign against non-Serbs in Croatia from 1991-1995.
11 June 2007: In the Popovic et al. case, the ICTR transfers Milorad Trbic, a former security officer with the Zvornik Brigade of the Bosnian Serb Army, to Bosnia to stand trial.
31 May 2007: Zdravko Tolimir, former general of the Bosnian Serb army, is arrested on the border between the Serb Republic in Bosnia and Serbia. Tolimir is accused of crimes against humanity in connection with the 1995 massacre in Srebrenica. It is also believed that he has aided the protection of Ratko Mladic, who remains at large.
20 May 2007: In the Deronjic case, Miroslav Deronjic dies of natural causes while serving a 10-year sentence for persecution after ordering an attack on a Bosnian village in 1992.
9 May 2007: In the Blagojevic and Jokic case, the Appeals Chamber confirms the convictions of former Bosnian Serb Army officers Vidoje Blagojevic and Dragan Jokic for crimes against humanity and violations of laws and customs of war, but reverses Blagojevic's conviction for complicity in genocide and reduces his sentence to 15 years' imprisonment. The Appeals Chamber confirms Jokic's sentence of nine years' imprisonment.
16 April 2007: In the Boskoski and Tarculovski case, the trial begins. Ljube Boskovski, the former Interior Minister of Macedonia, and police officer Johan Tarculovski are charged with murder, wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages and cruel treatment carried out in the village of Ljuboten, located to the north of Skopje, on 12 August, 2001.
13 April 2007: In the Rakic case, Ivica Rajic, former unit commander of the Bosnian Croat Army, is transferred to Spain to serve his 12 year prison sentence.
11 April 2007: In the Nikolic case, Momir Nikolic, Assistant Commander for Security and Intelligence of the Bosnian Serb Army Bratunac Brigade, is transferred to Finland to serve his 20 year sentence.
5 April 2007: In the Lukic case, the Referral Bench decides to refer the case of Milan and Sredoje Lukic to Bosnia and Herzegovina for trial.
4 April 2007: In the Zelenovic case, the Trial Chamber sentences Dragan Zelenovic, a former soldier and a de facto military policeman in the municipality of Foca, to fifteen years imprisonment for the crimes against humanity of torture and rape. Zelenovic pled guilty to seven charges of torture and rape against a number of Bosnian Muslim women and girls following the take-over of Foca by Serb forces in April 1992.
3 April 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, the start of trial is postponed until sometime after May 7th due to a number of unresolved questions.
3 April 2007: In the Brdjanin case, the Appeals Chamber reduces the sentence of Radoslav Brdjanin, a former political leader of the Serb-run Autonomous Region of Krajina, from 32 to 30 years imprisonment. The Appeals Chamber reverses the Trial Chamber’s finding that Brđanin’s conduct had a substantial effect on the commission of torture in detention camps and reverses his conviction for wanton destruction of cities, towns or villages, or devastation not justified by military necessity to the extent that this conviction relates to the municipality of Bosanska Krupa. The Appeals Chamber also grants the Prosecution's appeals on relating to Brdanin's participation in a joint criminal enterprise (JCE). However, it found that these findings could not result in new convictions.
2 April 2007: In the Bralo case, the Appeals Chamber affirms Miroslav Bralo’s 20 year sentence. Bralo pled guilty to war crimes committed in and around the central Bosnian villages of Ahmici and Nadioci between January and mid-July 1993 but appealed the length of his sentence.
28 March 2007: In the Kovacevic case, the Appeals Chamber today dismisses Vladimir Kovacevic’s appeal in its entirety against the Referral Bench's decision to refer his case to the authorities of the Republic of Serbia.
27 March 2007: In the Simic case, former Bosnian Serb politician Blagoje Simic is transferred to the United Kingdom to serve his 15-year sentence.
15 March 2007: In the Blaskic case, the Appeals Chamber affirms the Trial Chamber's judgment in the contempt case against Croatian journalist Josip Jovic.
14 March 2007: In the Mrksic et al. case, closing arguments begin.
5 March 2007: Haradinaj et al. trial begins.
26 February 2007: The International Court of Justice finds, inter alia, that Serbia has violated its obligations under the Genocide Convention by failing to prevent the July 1995 genocide in Srebrenica and by failing to transfer Ratko Mladic to the ICTY for trial.
23 February 2007: In the Brdjanin case, the Appeals Chamber rejects the motion of Radoslav Brdjanin, currently serving a 32-year sentence, requesting two weeks of provisional release to spend time with his family.
22 February 2007: In the Haradinaj case, the Trial Chamber decides not to reduce the scope of the indictment. After hearing the Prosecutor’s submissions, the Chamber is persuaded that “the removal of counts or incidents . . . may (i) result in an indictment that is no longer reasonably representative of the case as a whole and (ii) may affect the Prosecutor’s ability to present evidence on the scope of the alleged widespread or systematic attack and joint enterprise.”
21 February 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, the Trial Chamber orders the Prosecution to reduce the scope of the indictment.
15 February 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, General Ivan Cermak is allowed to return to Croatia despite knowingly violating the terms of his provisional release. As a condition of his release, Cermak was ordered leave his home only to go to work in the capital of Zagreb; however, he was seen at several social events and a ski race. In its decision, the Trial Chamber took into account the fact that Cermak turned himself in to the tribunal has not threatened witnesses, but warned that “any further action of this sort will result in immediate revocation of his provisional release."
9 February 2007: In the Bralo case, the Appeals Chamber hears arguments related to Miroslav Bralo's appeal of his 20-year sentence. The former member of the Croatian Defense Council (HVO) unit known as the "Jokers," argues that his sentence should be reduced due to his "substantial cooperation" with the Prosecution. The Prosecution is opposed to any reduction. Bralo pled guilty in July 2005 to one count of crimes against humanity (persecution), three counts of violations of the laws or customs of war (murder, torture, outrages upon personal dignity including rape), and four counts of grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions (torture or inhuman treatment, unlawful confinement, unlawful confinement of civilians, inhumane treatment).
9 February 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, the Pre-trial Chamber decides to revoke its decision suspending the provisional release of Mladen Markac, but decides to keep Ivan Cermak in the UN Detention Unit pending a final decision next week.
7 February 2007: In the Blaskic case, Croatian journalist Domagoj Margetic is found guilty of contempt of court for revealing the names of 102 protected witnesses on his web site. He is sentenced three months imprisonment and fined EUR 10,000.
6 February 2007: In the Prlic et al. case, the Appeals Chamber finds that the Trial Chamber did not abuse its discretion in deciding to reduce time allocated to the Prosecution case. Nevertheless, the Appeals Chamber remands the decision for reconsideration because the Trial Chamber failed to adequately consider "whether the reduction of time would allow the Prosecution a fair opportunity to present its case in light of the complexity and number of issues that remain."
2 February 2007: In the Haradinaj case, former Kosovan prime minister Ramush Haradinaj has been ordered to return to custody in the Hague by February 26th in anticipation of his trial beginning on March 5th. Haradinaj was granted provisional release in June 2005.
30 January 2007: Chief Prosecutor Carla del Ponte officially announces that she will not extend her mandate at the Tribunal, which ends in September.
28 January 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, the Trial Chamber suspends its decision granting provisional release to Ivan Cermak and Mladen Markac and orders them to return to The Hague by February 8. Earlier this year, the Chamber received notice of possible violations by General Cermak of the terms of his release and demanded additional information from Croatia about the measures it was taking to restrict the accuseds’ movements before the start of the trial; however, Croatia failed to provide the requested information.
22 January 2007: In the Gotovina et al. case, the Prosecution declines the Trial Chamber’s invitation to reduce the scope of the indictment, arguing that the indictment “is already focused on the most important criminal charges” and that “reducing the case further would harm the prosecutor's ability to try the accused for a full range of criminal conduct.” Moreover, it says that the Trial Chamber’s request “infringes on the Prosecutor's independence.” Nevertheless, the Prosecution says that, if ordered by judges, it would reduce the number of crime scenes or time periods covered in the indictment. Even so, the Prosecution would want to present evidence related to the dropped parts of the indictment when necessary to prove “pattern, intent or knowledge.”
17 January 2007: In the Jankovic et al. case, the Trial Chamber accepts Dragan Zelenovic's guilty plea to seven counts of the crime against humanity of torture and rape in the town of Foca and its surrounding villages. As part of the plea agreement, Zelenovic has agreed to testify at the request of the prosecution at any ICTY proceeding.
12 January 2007: Milomir Stakic is transferred to France to serve his 40 year sentence.
12 January 2007: In the Martic case, the trial concludes.
11 January 2007: In the D. Milosevic case, trial begins. Dragomir Milosevic, former commander of the Sarajevo Romanija Corps (SRK) of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS), is charged with crimes against humanity (murder and inhumane acts), and violations of the laws and customs of war (terror and unlawful attacks on civilians ) in relation to a campaign of sniping and shelling attacks on the city of Sarajevo. In July 2005, the Referral Bench denied the Prosecution’s motion to refer the case to the War Crimes Chamber of Bosnia and Herzegovina, finding that “the campaign alleged in the Indictment and the crimes with which Dragomir Milosevic has been charged stand out when compared with other cases before the Tribunal, especially in terms of alleged duration, number of civilians affected, extent of property damage, and number of military personnel involved.”
9 January 2007: Judge Frederik Harhoff (Denmark) is sworn in as ad litem judge. Judge Harhoff will serve on the Dragomir Milosevic case.