International Criminal Court: Chronology

2002-2005 | Current

31 October 2005: Mexico becomes the 100th ICC State Party.

27 October 2005: The ICC announces that Austria is the first State Party to enter into an Enforcement of Sentences agreement with the Court. Under the agreement, the Court would be able to send prisoners to Austria to serve their sentences.

13 October 2005: Pre-Trial Chamber II unseals arrest warrants for five senior leaders of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Uganda: Joseph Kony, Vincent Otti, Okot Odhiambo, Dominic Ongwen and Raska Lukwiya. They are charged with crimes against humanity under article 7(1) of the ICC statute, and war crimes under article 8(2)(c) and (e), relating to conflicts not of an international character. The warrants were issued on July 8, 2005.

  • Joseph Kony is charged with 12 counts of crimes against humanity (sexual enslavement, rape, enslavement [4], murder [4], inhumane acts [2]) and 21 counts of war crimes (inducing rape, attack against a civilian population [6], enlisting of children [2], cruel treatment [3], pillaging [5], murder [4]).
  • Vincent Otti is charged with 11 counts of crimes against humanity (sexual enslavement, enslavement [4], murder [4], inhumane acts [2]) and 21 counts of war crimes (rape, attack against a civilian population [6], enlisting of children [2], cruel treatment [3], pillaging [5], murder [4]).
  • Okot Odhiambo is charged with three counts of crimes against humanity (murder [2], enslavement) and seven counts of war crimes (murder [2], enlisting of children, attack against a civilian population [2], pillaging [2]).
  • Dominic Ongwen is charged with three counts of crimes against humanity (murder, enslavement, inhumane acts) and four counts of war crimes (murder, cruel treatment, attack against a civilian population, pillaging).
  • Raska Lukwiya is charged with one count of crimes against humanity (enslavement) and three counts of war crimes (cruel treatment, attack against a civilian population, pillaging).

7 October 2005: Ugandan Defense Minister Amama Mbabazi announces that Dominic Ongwen, a senior member of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), was killed by Ugandan troops on September 30.

29 June 2005: The Prosecutor addresses the United Nations Security Council on his actions in regard to the situation in Darfur, Sudan, pursuant to Resolution 1593.

6 June 2005: The Prosecutor announces that he has decided to initiate an investigation into the situation in Darfur, Sudan, after concluding that the requirements of the Rome Statute have been satisfied. The Prosecutor says that, "[t]he investigation . . . will form part of a collective effort, complementing African Union and other initiatives to end the violence in Darfur and to promote justice."

4 April 2005: ICC Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo receives the sealed list of persons suspected of serious crimes in Darfur, Sudan, compiled by the UN International Commission of Enquiry from Secretary General Kofi Annan.

31 March 2005: In Resolution 1593, the UN Security Council, acting under its UN Charter Chapter VII peace and security authority, "decides to refer the situation in Darfur [Sudan] since 1 July 2002" to the ICC Prosecutor. Rome Statute Article 13(b) allows the Court to exercise jurisdiction over a situation arising in the territory of a non-State Party (such as Sudan) when referred by the Security Council. However, the Prosecutor says that before initiating an investigation he must assess additional statutory jurisdictional and admissibility requirements. This is the first situation referred to the Court by the UN Security Council.

31 March 2005: The ICC Prosecutor asks Colombia for information on alleged atrocities committed within its territory.

15 March 2005: The ICC Pre-Trial Chamber convenes a status conference with the Prosecutor on the investigation in the Democratic Republic of Congo to discuss issues related to the protection of victims and witnesses and the preservation of evidence. This is the first time the Chamber has convened.

15 February 2005: The Registrar confirms that the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire has accepted the exercise of jurisdiction of the Court with respect to crimes committed in its territory since 19 September 2002. The declaration was sent in accordance with Rome Statute Article 12(3) and is the first such declaration by a non-State Party. The text of the declaration has not been disclosed.

5 January 2005: The Office of the Prosecutor announces that the Central African Republic (an ICC State Party) has referred to the Court the situation of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court committed anywhere on the territory of the CAR since July 1, 2002, the date of entry into force of the Rome Statute. The Prosecutor will now proceed to determine whether there is reasonable basis to initiate a formal investigation.

6 - 10 September 2004: The ICC Assembly of States Parties (ASP) holds its third session, meeting for the first time in The Hague.

29 July 2004: The Prosecutor determines that there is a reasonable basis to open an investigation into the situation concerning Northern Uganda.

23 June 2004: The Prosecutor announces the opening of the first ICC investigation into the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

19 April 2004: The Office of the Prosecutor announces that the Democratic Republic of Congo (an ICC State Party) has referred to the Court the situation of crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court committed anywhere in the DRC since July 1, 2002, the date of entry into force of the Rome Statute. The Prosecutor will now proceed to determine whether there is reasonable basis to initiate a formal investigation.

29 January 2004: The Office of the Prosecutor announces that Uganda (an ICC State Party) has referred the situation concerning the Lord's Resistance Army in Northern Uganda to the Court. The Prosecutor will now proceed to determine whether there is reasonable basis to initiate a formal investigation.

12 September 2003: A Board of Directors is elected for the Victims Trust Fund of the ICC, which will administer reparations to victims. The Directors include Queen Rania Al-Abdullah (Jordan), Oscar Arias Sanchez (Costa Rica), Tadeusz Mazowiecki (Poland), Simone Veil (France), and Archbishop Desmond Tutu (South Africa).

8 - 12 September 2003: The ICC Assembly of States Parties (ASP) holds its second session in New York, NY.

3 July 2003: Bruno Cathala (France) is sworn in as the first ICC Registrar.

16 June 2003: Luis Moreno Ocampo (Argentina) is sworn in as the first ICC Prosecutor

21 - 23 April 2003: The ICC Assembly of States Parties (ASP) holds a second resumed session in New York, NY.

11 March 2003: The first 18 judges of the ICC are sworn-in: René Blattmann (Bolivia), Sylvia Steiner (Brazil), Philippe Kirsch (Canada), Elizabeth Odio (Costa Rica), Georghios M. Pikis (Cyprus), Erkki Kourula (Finland), Claude Jorda (France), Hans-Peter Kaul (Germany), Akua Kuenyehia (Ghana), Maureen Harding Clark (Ireland), Anita Usacka (Latvia), Mauro Politi (Italy), Fatoumata Dembele Diarra (Mali), Sang-Hyun Song (Republic Of Korea), Tuiloma Neroni Slade (Samoa), Navanethem Pillay (South Africa), Karl T. Hudson-Phillips (Trinidad And Tobago), Sir Adrian Fulford (United Kingdom).

3-7 February 2003: The ICC Assembly of States Parties (ASP) holds a resumed session in New York.

3-10 September 2002: The ICC Assembly of States Parties (ASP), the Court's governing body, meets in New York, NY for the first time.

1 July 2002: Rome Statute enters into force.