Basic Degree Requirements

  • Upon starting the Advocacy LL.M. Program, each student will be assigned an advisor; the student must receive approval from the advisor for all course selections.

    In order to earn an LL.M. in Advocacy, students must meet the following requirements:

    • Complete 24 credits with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0 (C).

      • Students may choose to attend the LL.M. on either a part time (1-11 credits) or full time (12 credits) basis.

      • Up to 8 credits of non-classroom work (i.e. externship, co-coaching or independent study credits) may be applied to the 24 credit degree requirement.

      • All 24 credits of the degree must be taken at the Washington College of Law. No transfer credits will be counted toward the total degree requirements.
    • Required Courses & Writing Requirements

      • All students must must complete (1) the two credit Ethics for Trial Lawyers course, and (2) a two or three credit Advanced Trial Advocacy course before receiving the LL.M. degree. As a prerequisite to the Ethics for Trial Lawyers course, students must have successfully completed a basic ethics course during their JD studies. As a prerequisite to the Advanced Trial Advocacy course, students must have successfully completed a basic trial advocacy course or the equivalent in practice. The satisfaction of prerequisites will be determined on a case-by-case basis by the student’s LL.M. advisor.
      • During their first semester, graduates of non-common law programs are required to take American Legal Institutions, a two-part class that covers substantive U.S. law (2 credits) and Legal Research and Writing (2 credits). These courses introduce students to the U.S. legal system and U.S. legal writing.
    • LL.M. Graduation Requirement

      • To qualify for graduation, all LL.M. candidates must either complete the Practical Skills Graduation Track or Research Graduation Track.

      • Practical Skills Track: LLM candidates in the Practical Skills Track must complete an externship in their discipline for academic credit during their studies in addition to the LL.M. writing requirement. To receive academic credit for an externship, students must officially register for the externship and complete all of the corresponding academic requirements for the externship credits.

      • Research Track: LL.M. candidates in the Research Track must complete the LL.M. writing requirement and an additional substantive paper of at least 20-25 pages following the same rules laid out in the LL.M. writing requirement guidelines.

      • NOTE: Students on an F-1 or J-1 visa may not register for an externship until the second semester of the LL.M. program and must choose the Practical Skills Track by the end of the add/drop period in their final semester. F-1 students must also apply for Curricular Practical Training (CPT). Please see the LL.M. Graduation Requirement policies for details.

        Students are automatically placed in the Practical Skills Track and may change their graduation track at any time before the end of the add/drop period during their final semester. A graduation track can only be changed once. For more detailed information about each graduation track, please view the LL.M. Graduation Requirement policies.

    Other Important Degree Information

    • First-year JD courses, clinics, journals, and most international courses will not count toward the degree.

    • No special petition is required to switch from part-time to full-time or vice versa. However, students are expected to be enrolled in consecutive semesters. Approval for leaves of absence must be obtained in advance by the Associate Director. Failure to seek approval in advance of a leave of absence may result in dismissal from the Program.

    • All courses other than externships must be taken on a graded basis in order to be counted toward the LL.M.

    • Each semester, the Program publishes a list of approved courses for the LL.M. Courses that are not on the list will not count toward the degree and should not be taken.