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Table of Contents

Article I. General Provisions
Rule 103
Rule 104
Rule 105
Article II. Judicial Notice
Article III. Presumptions
Article IV. Relevancy and Its Limits
Article V. Privileges
Article VI. Witnesses
Article VII. Opinions and Expert Testimony
Article VIII. Hearsay
Article X. Contents of Writings, Recordings, 

and Photographs
Revised Rule 103. Rulings on Evidence Commentary 103(b)

There are occasions when a judge does not allow lawyers sufficient opportunity to specify the grounds for an objection or sufficient time in which to make an adequate offer of proof.  Where an evidentiary issue is complicated or unusual, and consequently is more likely to be subject to review on appeal, it is particularly important that the record be as complete as possible.  The importance of allowing lawyers adequate opportunity to state grounds for objections and to make adequate offers of proof is underscored by the principles that objections must be specific and offers of proof must be particularized,  and an objection to evidence made on one ground will not preserve an objection to the same evidence made on a different ground.  Current Rule 103(b) recognizes this fact, but imposes no mandatory requirements because of  “the practical impossibility of formulating a satisfactory rule in mandatory terms.”   Revised Rule 103(b) moderately amends this discretionary tone by directing courts to give “parties an adequate opportunity to state grounds for objection and present offers of proof.” 

Click here to return to Revised Rule 103.