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ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS 

Table of Contents


Article I. General Provisions
Rule 103
Rule 104
Rule 105
Article II. Judicial Notice
Article III. Presumptions
Article IV. Relevancy and Its Limits
Article V. Privileges
Article VI. Witnesses
Article VII. Opinions and Expert Testimony
Article VIII. Hearsay
Article X. Contents of Writings, Recordings, 

and Photographs
Revised Rule 103. Rulings on Evidence [changes highlighted] 

(a) Effect of erroneous ruling. Error may not be predicated upon a ruling which admits or excludes evi-dence unless a substantial right of the party is affected, and 

(1) Objection. In case the ruling is one admitting evidence, a timely objection or motion to strike appears of record, stating the specific ground of objection, if the specific ground was not apparent from the context; or 
(2) Offer of proof. In case the ruling is one excluding evidence, the substance of the evidence was made known to the court by offer or was apparent from the context within which questions were asked.
(3) Rulings in limine and contemporaneous objections. When an objection to the admissibility of evidence is ruled upon in limine and the judicial officer who will make the ultimate determination of admissibility at trial makes an unequivocal ruling on that objection, the objecting party is not required to renew the objection at trial. An in limine ruling shall be considered equivocal unless the court states on the record that its ruling is unequivocal. A court should consider whether evidence or circumstances developed at trial might affect an in limine ruling before characterizing such a ruling as unequivocal. 

Click here to see commentary on 103(a)

(b) Record of objection, offer and ruling. The court shall accord the parties adequate opportunity to state grounds for objections and present offers of proof. The court may add any other or further statement which shows the character of the evidence, the form in which it was offered, the objection made, and the ruling thereon. It may direct the making of an offer in question and answer form.  (c) Hearing of jury. In jury cases, proceedings shall be conducted, to the extent practicable, so as to pre-vent inadmissible evidence from being suggested to the jury by any means, such as making statements or offers of proof or asking questions in the hearing of the jury. 

(d) Plain error. Nothing in this rule precludes taking notice of plain errors affecting substantial rights al-though they were not brought to the attention of the court. 

Revised Rule 103. Rulings on Evidence [clean copy] 

(a) Effect of erroneous ruling. Error may not be predicated upon a ruling which admits or excludes evi-dence unless a substantial right of the party is affected, and 

(1) Objection. In case the ruling is one admitting evidence, a timely objection or motion to strike appears of record, stating the specific ground of objection, if the specific ground was not apparent from the context; or  

(2) Offer of proof. In case the ruling is one excluding evidence, the substance of the evidence was made known to the court by offer or was apparent from the context within which questions were asked. 

(3) Rulings in limine and contemporaneous objections. When an objection to the admissibility of evidence is ruled upon in limine and the judicial officer who will make the ultimate determination of admissibility at trial makes an unequivocal ruling on that objection, the objecting party is not required to renew the objection at trial. An in limine ruling shall be considered equivocal unless the court states on the record that its ruling is unequivocal. A court should consider whether evidence or circumstances developed at trial might affect an in limine ruling before characterizing such a ruling as unequivocal. 

(b) Record of objection, offer and ruling. The court shall accord the parties adequate opportunity to state grounds for objections and present offers of proof. The court may add any other or further statement which shows the character of the evidence, the form in which it was offered, the objection made, and the ruling thereon. It may direct the making of an offer in question and answer form. 

(c) Hearing of jury. In jury cases, proceedings shall be conducted, to the extent practicable, so as to pre-vent inadmissible evidence from being suggested to the jury by any means, such as making statements or offers of proof or asking questions in the hearing of the jury. 

(d) Plain error. Nothing in this rule precludes taking notice of plain errors affecting substantial rights al-though they were not brought to the attention of the court. 

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