Center For Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
Case 2719 (BOLIVIA)
"During the night of May 24, 1974, Ramón Claure Calvi was arrested by agents of the Department of Political Order (DOP) of the regime of General Banzer in the city of La Paz, at his home (Avenue Busch 2093). Before being imprisoned, his money, watch, pen, etc. were taken away from him. At dawn on May 25, 1974, he was exiled to Paraguay along with Dr. Benjamín Miguel and Dr. Walter Guevara Arze. His only documentation was a laissez-passer which said "Exiled." Valid for one entry to Asunción, Paraguay.
After 8 months, he managed to enter Argentine territory. Prom there he went to Bolivia, without documentation. He stayed for 6 days at his home, at the end of which he was again arrested and taken to the Panóptico Nacional, and after 10 days of imprisonment, he was again exiled to Paraguay.
When he entered Bolivia by way of Villazón, he learned that the DOP had stationed two policemen in that town with express orders to arrest him if necessary The police went to the place he was staying to carry out their instructions. He managed to get to the Police Station of La Quiaca (Argentina), where he filed a complaint with the Captain on duty. He slept the night in the Police Station, with the consent of the authorities, although they (the Argentine Police) could not guarantee his personal safety). He returned to the interior of Argentina, and after one month, returned to Paraguay, where he asked for an entry visa to Venezuela as an exile. He has been living in Venezuela since September 18, 1976."
"Mr. Ramón Claure Calvi, who was an active trade union agitator on behalf of the Bolivian Communist Party (PCB) and of its party, the Revolutionary Left Nationalist Movement (MNRI), was arrested in September 1969 as a result of the subversive coup led by General Alfredo Ovando Candia. In January 1973, he was a member of the Commission providing the financing to enable Dr. Hernán Siles Suezo to enter the country, clandestinely, for purposes of conspiracy, he signed the Tripartite Alliance with the PDC-PRA, and left the country as a political exile on May 23, 1974, and went to Paraguay.
He subsequently entered the country, clandestinely, from Argentina and was arrested on October 9, 1974, when he took part in a meeting for purposes of conspiracy with militants of the PDC-PRA-MNRI alliance. A manifesto by Raúl López Laytón, addressed to the Armed Forces of the Nation was taken from him, and on October 26, 1974, he was again exiled to Paraguay for his participation in subversive activities. He now enjoys the political amnesty proclaimed by the Supreme Government."
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
(Approved at the 609th meeting of March 6, 1979 (46th session) and transmitted to the Government of Bolivia).