Washington College of Law|
Center For Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
RESOLUTION No 18/87
CASE 9426 (PERU)
June 30, 1987
HAVING SEEN the background information on this case, viz:
- In a communication dated September 4, 1984 the Inter-American Commission on
Human Rights received the following complaint:
On July 24, 1984 eighteen-year old JUAN DARIO CUYA LAINE was arrested at
his home, in the Province of Ayacucho, by members of the army and the police. His
mother has stated that she saw him on July 30, 1984 when visiting him at the Quicapata
barracks. At that time he presented visible signs of torture. Since then his whereabouts
are unknown. The officials at Quicapata, where he had been detained, now deny his
arrest. According to information received the facilities at Quicapata used to be a school.
We fear for the life and integrity of Juan Darío in view of the recent well known events in
Ayacucho. All internal remedies have been exhausted. We urgently request the IACHR
to press the Government of Peru to acknowledge the arrest of Mr. Cuya, determine his
whereabouts and guarantee his safety.
- In a cablegram dated September 5, 1984 the Commission transmitted the pertinent
parts of the claim to the Government of Peru requesting it to provide information, in accordance
with Article 34 (formerly 31) of the Regulations. This request was repeated in a note on
September 10, 1984.
- In a note dated December 10, 1984 (No 7-5-M/43), the Government of Peru
replied to the Commission as follows:
Acting on the instructions of its Government, the Permanent Mission of Peru
informs the Honorable Executive Secretariat that the Ministry of the Interior has reported
that the Peruvian citizen, Mr. Juan Darío Cuya Laine, has not been intervened nor arrested
by the Forces of Law and Order in the Emergency Zone. Moreover, it is noted that this
citizen has no social-political record in the registers of the Peruvian police; and that his
present whereabouts are unknown, in spite of efforts to locate him made according to the
request of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
- In a letter dated January 30, 1985, the Commission made known the pertinent
parts of the above-mentioned information to the petitioner, requesting that he send his
observations within a period of 45 days; this request was reiterated in a letter dated May 1st, 1986
pointing out that should it not receive any information within a period of 60 days, the Commission
would discontinue processing the case.
- In his communication of May 14, 1986, the petitioner sent additional information
and observations on the case, as follows:
In its note of December 10, 1984 the Peruvian Government states that JUAN
DARIO CUYA LAINE was not arrested by the security forces operating in the state of
emergency zone and that he does not have a police record. The Government adds that, in
spite of all efforts to locate him, his whereabouts are still unknown.
We consider there to be an important discrepancy between the information
provided by the Government and the two declarations sworn to before the District
Attorney at Ayacucho, copies of which we are sending to the Commission.
On June 25, 1984 the witness stated in a sworn statement that on June 24, 1984,
and after having searched his home around 6 a.m., Juan Darío was arrested by a group of
15 Army officials. Also, the witness stated he believed Juan Dario had been taken to the
"Los Cabitos" barracks and requested that he be released or transferred to the
Investigations Police of Peru (PIP).
On August 31, 1984 the witness stated in a new affidavit that he had learned that
Juan Darío had been in police custody in a building known as "Casa Rosada" and that later
he had been transferred to the army barracks at Quiscapata. The witness said he visited
him at that facility on July 30, 1984 and verified that the prisoner was vomiting blood.
The witness also stated that at Quiscapata he was promised Juan Darío would be released
15 days later but in fact he was never seen again. He said he later heard that Juan Darío
was at the "Casa Rosada", then at "Los Cabitos" and he asked the District Attorney to
look into said facilities.
- In its communications of May 22 and 28, 1986 the Commission transmitted the
pertinent parts of the observations and new information sent by the petitioner to the Government
of Peru and set a period of 30 days for this Government to furnish information on the case.
- In its communication of May 22, the Commission informed the petitioner of the
- That this case meets all the admissibility requirements set forth in the Commission's
- That the Government of Peru has not replied to the last request for information by
the Commission, dated May 22, 1986.
- That the information provided by the Government of Peru in its note of December
10, 1984, denying the arrest of Mr. Juan Darío Cuya Laine by security forces, contradicts the
testimony given under oath by Mr. Cuya Laine's mother before the ad-hoc District Attorney of
Ayacucho, on June 25, 1984, which is on file and states that on June 24, 1984, at approximately 6
a.m., some fifteen (15) heavily armed army officials, having searched the deponent's home,
arrested Mr. Cuya Laine and took him, according to this testimony, to the barracks called "BIM
51, Los Cabitos", in the city of Ayacucho.
- That, also, in a later testimony given on August 31, 1984 by Mrs. Laine, she stated
that she had been informed, by "non official" channels, that her son was detained in a place called
"Casa Rosada", and was then transferred to the Quiscapata barracks where she visited him and
saw him "vomit blood". According to the deponent she was promised that her son would be
freed in 15 days but since then she has no knowledge of his whereabouts or situation.
- That, finally, the deponent declared that she had received information indicating
that her son had been taken again to "Los Cabitos" barracks, having requested the District
Attorney to visit this place in order to verify the presence and condition of her son, since she was
unable to resort to any other legal remedies in order to verify the whereabouts and condition of
- That in view of the facts on file, those provided by the petitioner as well as those
presented by the afore- mentioned Government, it is affirmed that the facts claimed are considered
to be true and that, consequently, Mr. Juan Dario Cuya Laine was arbitrarily arrested by agents of
the Government of Peru and kept in illegal detention facilities, that is, in military barracks or
facilities, until his disappearance which, by his own mother's testimony, must have occurred
between the end of July and the beginning of August, 1984.
- That in this case the petitioners exhausted the internal remedies available to them
upon requesting the Ayacucho District Attorney to verify the presence and status of Mr. Juan
Darío Cuya Laine, and that the judicial authorities, not having complied with the requested action
nor initiated preliminary proceedings to clarify the facts, constituted an act of denial of justice, and
whereby the Commission shall not apply the provisions established in Article 37, paragraph 1 of
- That, furthermore, in the case that is the subject matter of this resolution, the
Commission has not been able, by reason of the nature of the petition, that is, the forced
disappearance of Mr. Juan Darío Cuya Laine, to apply the friendly settlement procedure provided
for in Article 48, paragraph 1, f of the American Convention on Human Rights and in Article 45
of its Regulations.
- That in accordance with the provisions set forth in Article 42 (formerly 39) of the
Regulations the Commission will presume to be true the facts stated in the petition, as long as
other evidence does not lead to a different conclusion.
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS,
- To presume true the facts claimed in the communication dated September 5, 1984
regarding the arbitrary arrest and disappearance of Mr. Juan Darío Cuya Laine, in Ayacucho, on
June 24, 1984.
- To point out to the Government of Peru that such events constitute very serious
violations of the right to life (Art.4); to personal integrity (Art. 5) and to personal liberty (Art. 7)
set forth in the American Convention on Human Rights.
- To recommend to the Government of Peru that, in the shortest time possible, it
order a complete investigation of the facts denounced so as to clarify events, determine the agents
responsible for Mr. Cuya Laine's disappearance and to punish them.
- To state that the relatives of Mr. Juan Darío Cuya Laine deserve a just
compensation, according to law, and that, therefore, it is the responsibility of the Government of
Peru to provide such compensation.
- To request the Government of Peru to inform the Commission, within 60 days, on
measures taken to implement the recommendations set forth in this resolution; and if after that
period the Government of Peru has not submitted any observations, the Commission will include
this Resolution in its Annual Report to the General Assembly of the OAS, in accordance with
Article 63 g, of the Commission's Regulations.
- To transmit the text of this Resolution to the Government of Peru and the
[ Inter-American Human Rights