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Center For Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
RESOLUTION No. 13/86
CASE 9295 (NICARAGUA)
April 16, l986
- The petition received by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on April 9,
according to which:
FELIPE SANTIAGO JIMENEZ GUTIERREZ, 38 years of age, single, a farmer
resident of San Pedro de las Calles, District of San Juan de Teelpaneca in the Department of
Madriz, was arrested on August 30, l983 in his home, accused of collaborating with
counter revolutionaries by six individuals dressed as militia men who were serving in the
Commando of San Juan de Telpaneca, where his family members subsequently recognized the
arresting officers; however, those arresting officers denied that he was detained in that
Commando. A search has been made for him in the "La Barranca" and "La Chácara"
in Estelí but it has not been possible to locate him.
- The transmission of the pertinent parts of that petition to the Government of Nicaragua
note of June 18, l984, requesting it to provide such information as it deemed pertinent, as well as
information that would make it possible to ascertain whether, in the case that is the subject matter
this petition, the remedies of domestic law had been exhausted.
- The communication of January 18, l985, which repeated the request for information of
- The repetition of the request for information made in the note of February 26, l986,
informed the Government of Nicaragua that, should such information not be provided within a
of thirty days pursuant to Article 42 of the Regulations, the facts reported would be presumed to
- That so far the Government of Nicaragua has not replied to the request for information
by the Commission concerning this case and that, in addition, the requirements of domestic law
- That, by reason of their nature, the facts that are the subject matter of the petition, do
permit the application in this case of the friendly settlement procedure.
- That Article 42 of the Regulations of the Commission stipulate the following:
The facts reported in the petition whose pertinent parts have been transmitted to
Government of the State in reference shall be presumed to be true if, during the maximum
period set by the Commission under the provisions of Article 34, paragraph 5, the Government
has not provided the pertinent information, as long as other evidence does not lead to a different
- That, in addition to not replying to the repeated requests for information, the
of Nicaragua has so far not allowed a member of the Commission and an official of the Secretariat
go to that country to clarify certain aspects relating to this case, pursuant to the provisions of
48.1 d of the American Convention on Human Rights to which Nicaragua is a State
- That the Government of Nicaragua did not present observations to Resolution 13/86
had been transmitted to it.
- That the General Assembly of the Organization of American States declared in
666 (XIII-0/83) that "The practice of the forced disappearance of persons in the Americas is an
to the conscience of the hemisphere and constitutes a crime against humanity."
In view whereof:
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS,
- To consider true the facts reported in the communication of April 9, l984 concerning
arrest and subsequent disappearance of Mr. Felipe Santiago Jiménez Gutiérrez.
- To declare that the Government of Nicaragua has violated the right to personal liberty
(Article 7) and the right to life (Article 4) embodied in the American Convention on Human
which Nicaragua is a State Party.
- To recommend to the Government of Nicaragua that it order a thorough investigation
facts reported in order to identify the persons responsible, and prosecute and punish them in
with the law and that it adopt the necessary measures to prevent the repetition of such serious
- To include this resolution in its Annual Report to the General Assembly of the
of American States, in accordance with Article 63, g of the Regulations of the
Commission, and to
transmit it to the claimant.