Washington College of Law|
Center For Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
RESOLUTION No. 25/81
CASE 3102 (JAMAICA)
June 25, 1981
- In the morning of March 14, 1974, in the Parish of Saint Andrew, Leo Horatio
Henry was assaulted by two individuals and murdered while leaving his car parked on Slip Road in Kingston.
About March 27, 1974, two men were arrested in connection with this crime.
- By letter dated May 29, 1978, Mr. Noel Riley, a Jamaican citizen acting on his
own behalf, complained to the Commission that he had been arrested together with Anthony Forbes and
charged of the murder of Leo Horatio Henry, a crime he says he has not committed, tried, innocently convicted
and sentenced to death on March 7, 1975. The claimant describes his complaint as follows:
We have not been given a fair trial in the Circuit Court neither was there evidence
that an impartial panel of jury could use as material enough for bringing about our conviction. There was
grossly conflicting evidence given, but we both fell victims of class prejudice tempered with the anger of
an outraged brotherhood at the top of the socio-economic strata.
- By letter of October 2, 2978, the Commission, in accordance with Articles 38, 39
and 54 of the Regulations then in force, requested that the complainant supply additional information to
satisfy the requirements of the Regulations.
- On January 24, 1979, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights sent to
the Government of Jamaica the following note:
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights has received numerous
communications regarding alleged violations of rights of certain individuals accused of murder who have been
tried, convicted and sentenced to death by the tribunals of your country. These individuals are at present
in the death row of St. Catherine District Prison awaiting the execution of the death penalty imposed
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights requested that the plaintiffs
furnish some specific and pertinent information to verify not only the legal foundation and justification of their complaints, but also whether the Internal legal procedures and remedies of the country have been
duly applied and exhausted.
Because of the prevailing circumstances, the plaintiffs have not been able to supply
the information requested from them, but they have submitted to the Commission the names of
persons and institutions that could provide such information.
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, aware of the possible difficulties that
the complainants may encounter to satisfy the requirements of the Regulations, wishes to request
the Honorable Government of Your Excellency to supply copies of the notes of evidence of the trial
court as well as those of the appeal court if such procedure took place in the cases of Noel Riley and
Anthony Forbes, and any other information which would enable the Commission to determine whether the
internal legal procedures and remedies have been exhausted in these cases.
This request for information does not constitute a decision as to the admissibility
of the communication.
- By a note of August 30, 1979, the Government of Jamaica replied to the
Commission's request and submitted a transcript of the notes of evidence of the Circuit Court trial of Noel Riley and Anthony Forbes, as well as a copy of the judgement handed down by the Court of Appeal in
respect to the application for leave to appeal against the conviction and sentence of the plaintiff Noel Riley. The Commission informed the plaintiff of this submission by letter of September 26, 1979.
- A study of the notes of evidence of the Jamaican Court and the conduct of the trial
of Noel Riley show that the rules of criminal procedures of Jamaica were observed and that the claimant
received a fair trial;
- Noel Riley had the service of a defense counsel of two attorneys;
- Noel Riley informed the Commission the he lost his appeal and therefore the
internal legal remedies in this case have been exhausted;
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
- To declare that there exists no evidence of the violation of any of the rigths set
forth in the
American Convention on Human Rights in this case.
- To communicate this resolution to the Government of Jamaica and to the claimant.
- To recommend that the Government of Jamaica suspend the execution of those
persons sentenced to death and consider the abolition of the death penalty.
[ Inter-American Human Rights