Summer 2017 Washington and Geneva Program Faculty

(Please visit our courses page  for the summer course descriptions)

Padideh Ala’i, American University Washington College of Law


Padideh Ala’i is a Professor of Law at WCL where she specializes in areas of international trade law and development and comparative legal traditions. Specifically, she teaches the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and writes in the areas of history and free trade, international efforts to combat corruption as well as issues relating to trade and good governance. In 2005 and 2009 Professor Alai was the Acting Director of the International Legal Studies Program. She received her J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1988 and was in private legal practice with the law firms of Jones Day and Reichler, Milton and Medel prior to joining the Faculty of the WCL in 1997. In private practice Professor Ala’i represented developing country governments, including Guyana, Nicaragua, Uganda, China and the Philippines in their negotiations with foreign investors, US Government and its federal agencies, as well as multilateral institutions such as the World Bank. She also represented multinational corporations in international business transactions and advised them on pending U.S. banking legislation. From 1992-1996, Professor Ala’i was part of the legal team representing the Government of Philippines in international litigation and arbitration against Westinghouse Corp. charging corruption and bribery by Westinghouse of former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and defective construction of the Bataan nuclear power plant. In 2003-2005 Professor Ala’i was the Co-Chair of the International Economic Law Group (IELG) of the American Society of International Law (ASIL). In that capacity, she organized a conference on the relationship of freedom of trade and peace. Professor Ala’i subsequently co-edited the book that was based on that conference as part of the ASIL Studies in Transnational Legal Policy entitled: Trade as Guarantor of Peace, Liberty and Security? Critical, Historical and Empirical Perspectives, Padideh Alai, Tomer Broude and Colin Picker eds., 37 Studies in Transnational Legal Policy (ASIL-2006). Her other publications include: “The Legacy of Geographical Morality and Colonialism: A Historical Assessment Current Crusade Against Corruption”, 33 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 4 (October 2000); “Free Trade or Sustainable Development: An Analysis of the WTO Appellate Body’s Shift to a more Balanced approach to Trade Liberalization”, 14 AU International Law Review 4 (1999); “Judicial Lobbying at the WTO: The Debate over the use of amicus curiae briefs and the U.S. Experience”, 24 Fordham Journal of International Law (Nov-Dec. 2000); “A Human Rights Critique of the WTO: Some Preliminary Observations”, 33 George Washington University International Law Review 3 & 4 (2001); and “Transparency and the Multilateral Trading System”, in Trends in World Trade: Essays in Honor of Sylvia Ostry, edited by Alan Alexandroff (Carolina Academic Press 2007). 

Professor Susan D. Carle, American University Washington College of Law


Professor Susan D. Carle teaches and writes about civil rights legal history, employment discrimination, labor and employment law, legal ethics, and the history and sociology of the legal profession. She is the author of Defining the Struggle: National Organizing for Racial Justice, 1880-1915, published by Oxford University Press in 2013. In 2014 she received the Organization of American Historians’ Liberty Legacy Award for "the author of the best book by a historian on the civil rights struggle from the beginnings of the nation to the present.” She has published numerous articles examining lawyers’ conceptions of their professional obligations to further the public interest in journals including the Cornell Law Review, Fordham Law Journal, Florida Law Review, Harvard Journal of Gender and the Law, American University Law Review, and Stanford Journal of Civil Rights and Civil Liberties. She is also editor of Lawyers’ Ethics and the Pursuit of Social Justice (NYU Press Critical America Series 2005), which collects work in the emerging field of critical legal ethics scholarship. In 2001, her paper entitled “Race, Class and Legal Ethics in the Early NAACP” received the Association of American Law Schools’ Best Scholarly Paper Award, and in 2006 she received the Jean and Edgar Kahn National Equal Justice Library Award for distinguished scholarship on the subject of access to justice. She has served as this law school’s first Associate Dean for Scholarship and as chair of the American Association of Law Schools Section on Professional Responsibility and its Professional Development Committee, and is a member of the legal ethics advisory committee of the National Disability Rights Network. Professor Carle attended Yale Law School, where she served as an editor of The Yale Law Journal. After graduation she clerked on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit and then worked as an appellate attorney in the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Department of Justice and at the leading union-side labor and employment law firm of Bredhoff & Kaiser. She was W.M. Keck Fellow in Legal Ethics at Georgetown University Law Center from 1995-97, and in 2006 served as Visiting Professor of Law at the Harvard Law School.

Professor Chuang, American University Washington College of Law


Professor Chuang, who teaches courses in international law, human trafficking, labor migration, and international commercial arbitration, was promoted to professor of law in 2014. In her scholarship, Chuang specializes in international law and policy relating to labor migration and human trafficking. Drawing on this expertise, Chuang has served as an adviser to the U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and the International Labor Organization. Chuang has also served as the U.S. Member of the International Law Association’s Feminism and International Law Committee and as a Member of Executive Committee of the American Society of International Law. She is a past recipient of the Open Society Fellowship of the Open Society Foundations and a Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio Conference Grant. Prior to joining AUWCL, Chuang practiced with the law firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton, representing foreign governments in international litigation/arbitration and pro bono clients in asylum and human rights cases. Before her time at Cleary Gottlieb, Chuang worked as an adviser to the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women and the U.N. Compensation Commission.

Sean Flynn, American University Washington College of Law


Sean Flynn teaches courses on the intersection of intellectual property, trade law, and human rights and is the Associate Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP). At PIJIP, Professor Flynn designs and manages a wide variety of research and advocacy projects that promote public interests in intellectual property and information law and coordinates PIJIP’s academic program, including events, student advising and curriculum development. Professor Flynn’s research examines legal frameworks promoting access to essential goods and services. He serves as counsel for advocacy organizations and state legislatures seeking to promote and defend regulations that promote access to essential medicines. (PIJIP). Prior to joining WCL, Professor Flynn completed clerkships with Chief Justice Arthur Chaskalson on the South African Constitutional Court and Judge Raymond Fisher on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He also represented consumers and local governments as a senior associate with Spiegel & McDiarmid and as senior attorney for the Consumer Project on Technology, served on the policy team advising then Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights Deval Patrick, and taught Constitutional Law at the University of Witwaterstrand, South Africa.

Daniele Gallo, Luiss University Rome


Prof. Gallo joined Luiss Law Faculty in 2011. At Luiss he teaches EU Law and EU Internal Market and is the Coordinator and Deputy Director of the LLM in EU law, as well as a member of the Ph.D. Committee. He holds a degree in Law and a Ph.D. in International and EU Law both from Sapienza University (Rome). He has been Professor invitado at Universidad de La Habana, Professeur invité at Université Capitole de Toulouse, Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Global Governance Studies (Leuven), EU Fulbright Schuman Scholar at Fordham Law School (New York), DAAD Fellow at Max Planck Institute for Public International Law and Comparative Law (Heidelberg), and Jean Monnet Fellow at the EUI (Florence). He will be Visiting Adjunct Professor at the School of Law of American University (Washington DC) in May-June 2016. He was guest/invited speaker and/or lecturer at several institutions in Europe and US and acted as consultant on International Economic Law for Global Reporting Initiative and on EU Law for the Italian Ministry for Economic Development. Prof. Gallo is member of several journals’ editorial boards, co-editor of a book (Springer, Berlin, 2014, Foreword by G. de Burca, 572 pp. – reviewed in journals such as Revue critique de droit international privé and Italian Yearbook of International Law), author of a monograph (Giuffré, Milan, 2010, 860 pp. – reviewed in journals such as Common Market Law Review, Legal Issues of Economic Integration and Revue du Droit de l'Union européenne), as well as of more than 50 contributions published or forthcoming in various edited books (Edward Elgar, Brill/Martinus Nijhoff, Springer Verlag, Eleven International, Cambridge University Press, Kluwer International etc.) and law journals (European Business Law Review, Fordham International Law Journal, American University International Law Review, International Organizations Law Review, European Journal of Social Law, Annuaire de droit européen, Revue des affaires européennes, Revue du Droit de l’Union européenne etc.). Attorney-at-Law, Prof. Gallo has pleaded before the European Court of Human Rights, the UNIDROIT Administrative Tribunal and the ILO Administrative Tribunal.

Matthew Glasser, World Bank (retired)


Matthew D. Glasser has more than twenty years of experience in international development finance. With a background as a City Attorney and registered lobbyist for Colorado municipalities, he is an authority on the legal framework within which cities operate, including the powers and functions of cities, and municipal finances. For the past 11 years, he worked for the World Bank, where his last position was as Lead Urban Specialist in the Legal Vice Presidency. He also served as Lead Urban Specialist in the Bank’s Africa and South Asia regions, focusing on local government and urban finance issues in South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Swaziland, the Philippines, and India.  Working with the Bank’s internal Knowledge and Learning Council and its external Knowledge Advisory Board, he also helped develop systems for governance and measurement of the Bank’s knowledge services. Prior to joining the World Bank in 2003, Mr. Glasser worked with the South African National Treasury for four years, where he led a successful program to revive municipal credit markets.  He also helped develop a new Property Rates Act, which replaced a patchwork of provincial legislation dating from the apartheid era.  From 1992 through 2000, Mr. Glasser managed USAID funded development programs, working with national and local governments in Romania, Poland, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Ukraine.  He also taught courses on a variety of local government finance issues, and presented these in Central Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the former Soviet Union. In 1992 and 1993 he served as a resident advisor to the Government of Ukraine, providing policy support to national and local government.

Desirée LeClercq Office of the United States Trade Representative


Desirée LeClercq is Director for Labor Affairs at the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), an agency under the Executive Office of the President. In that capacity, she negotiates and monitors the effective implementation of the labor chapters in United States trade agreements, most notably in Asia. Prior to joining the USTR, Ms. LeClercq served for nearly a decade as a legal officer for the International Labor Organization in Geneva, Switzerland, where she monitored the implementation of labor standards by ratifying member States and delivered technical assistance to strengthen labor-standards compliance in Asia and Africa. At the ILO, she was afforded the opportunity to publish and lecture on the intersection between workers’ rights and international trade, as well as study the impact of technical assistance and international global governance on respect for workers’ rights.

Professor ALUISIO G. DE CAMPOS , American University Washington College of Law


Professor ALUISIO G. DE CAMPOS is the Chairman of the ABCI Institute – Brazilian International Trade Scholars Inc. ( which is dedicated to the promotion of research and study of international trade issues; and senior advisor, under contract, on economic and trade matters to the Embassy of Brazil in Washington, D.C., where, among other duties, he coordinates a trade policy training program for Brazilian professionals from the government and private sectors. A specialist, with over three decades of experience on trade policies and trade policy formulation, international trade law, trade remedies, international trade agreements and negotiations, subsidies, trade preferences and barriers, he has provided assistance to Brazilian diplomats in bilateral and multilateral trade negotiations, in the reduction of barriers to Brazilian exports and in the resolution of trade disputes. As a result of his contributions in the drafting of present Brazilian trade laws and regulations, he was invited in 1995 by then Secretary of Trade Mauricio Cortes to be the first head of the newly formed department of trade remedies (DECOM) at the Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade, an honor he was unable to accept due to contract obligations in Washington, DC. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Economics and a master’s degree in Development Banking from the American University, Washington, D.C. As a professor, he teaches two courses at the Washington College of Law: “International Trade Policy: Theory and Practice” and “Regional Trade Agreements”. Also teaches trade policy courses in spanish-speaking programs organized by Georgetown University in Latin America for government officials and private sector executives. In his native language, Portuguese, he teaches similar courses at Fundação Getúlio Vargas’ Law School (São Paulo) and at the Brazilian Diplomatic Academy (Brasilia). He also taught for four years intermediate level “Comparative Trade Policies” and “Trade Policy Formulation” for government officials of WTO member countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia and, advanced level, in Geneva, in both English and Spanish, under contract with the WTO.

Claudia Martin, American University Washington College of Law


Claudia Martin is a Professorial Lecturer in Residence at American University Washington College of Law and Co-Director of the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. She specializes in international law, international and comparative human rights law and inter-American human rights law. As Co-Director of the Academy she oversees the academic coordination of the Academy’s prestigious human rights summer program, the Inter-American Moot Court Competition and the Annual Meeting on Human Rights. She also supervises the scholarly production of the Academy, including the Inter-American Human Rights Digest and the publication of books, articles and specialized reports. Professor’s Martin publications include: The Reform Debate in the Inter-American Human Rights System Ten Years After: Successes and Failures, Proceedings of the 7th Hague Joint Conference on Contemporary Issues of International Law - 2005, 30 June – 2 July 2005, T.M.C. Asser Instituut , The Netherlands (forthcoming); The Moiwana Village Case: A New Trend in Approaching the Rights of Ethnic Groups in the Inter-American System, 19-2 Leiden Journal of International Law (forthcoming); Repertorio de Jurisprudencia del Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, (co-author), Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, San José, Costa Rica (forthcoming); Inter-American Human Rights Digest, (co-author), Brill Publishers, The Netherlands (forthcoming); Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos [International Human Rights Law] (co-author), Distribuciones Fontamara, México, 2004; The International Human Rights Status of Elderly Persons, (Co-Author) 18 Am. U. Int=l L. Rev. 915, 2003; The International Dimension of Human Rights: Guide for its Application in Domestic Law (Co-Author), Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), Washington D.C., 2002; and La Dimensión Internacional de los Derechos Humanos, Guía para la Aplicación de Normas Internacionales en el Derecho Interno, (Co-Author) Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), Washington D.C., 1999 Professor Martin has lectured extensively to lawyers, judges, and human rights professors around the world on the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Human Rights System. Her many appointments include serving as a Member of the Advisory Board of the Human Rights Program, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico; Member of the Editorial Board, Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts, Oxford University Press and Amsterdam Center for International Law; Member of the Editorial Board, Revista Iberoamericana de Derechos Humanos, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico and Contributor on Inter-American Human Rights Law for the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. She has also been a consultant with the Organization of American States, the Inter-American Development Bank and USAID/MSD.

Cecilia Nahón, former Ambassador of Argentina to the United States


Cecilia Nahón’s experience extends across the public, academic and private sectors. She holds a Ph.D. in Social Sciences from the Latin American School of Social Sciences (FLACSO), a Master of Science in Development Studies from the London School of Economics (LSE) and a Bachelor in Economics from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA). Ms. Nahón served as Ambassador of Argentina to the United States (2013-2015) and as G20 Sherpa of Argentina (2012-2015). In such capacities, she was closely involved in Argentina’s sovereign debt restructuring dispute in the US, as well as in the multilateral negotiations on the topic at the G20 and U.N., among others. Prior to these appointments, Ms. Nahón served as Secretary of International Economic Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina. She acted as National Coordinator of the MERCOSUR Common Market Group and Secretary of the Board of Directors of the Argentine export promotion agency Fundación Exportar. She previously served as Undersecretary of Investment Development within the same ministry (2011). From May 2008 until her appointment as undersecretary, she was responsible for the Strategy and Investment Environment Department of Argentina’s former National Agency for Investment Development. Between 2004 and 2008, Ms. Nahon was a Researcher at the Department of Economy and Technology of FLACSO, where she conducted research on Argentina’s economic history and economic development process, focusing specifically on the dynamics of external debt and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Argentina and Mexico during the 1990s. Ms. Nahón has extensive experience teaching undergraduate and graduate-level courses at the University of Buenos Aires, the National University of Quilmes and FLACSO and has published several academic articles and opinion pieces in Argentina and the US. In her role as Ambassador as well as throughout her career she had the opportunity to deliver speeches and give presentations in universities, workers and business organizations, think tanks and international institutions, among others.

Fernanda G. Nicola, American University Washington College of Law


Fernanda G. Nicola is a Professor of Law and Director of the Program on International Organizations, Law and Diplomacy at AUWCL. Her teaching and research interests range from Tort Law, Comparative Law, European Union Law and Local Government Law. She received her PhD from Trento University and her SJD degree from Harvard Law School where she was the recipient of the Mancini Prize in European Law, and the Justice Welfare and Economics fellowship at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs. Professor Nicola is the author of several articles on European integration including Invisible Cities in EU Law (2012) and Transatlanticisms: The Selective Reception of U.S. Law and Economics in the Formation of European Private Law (2008). She recently published Family Law Exceptionalism in Comparative Law (2010) and Intimate Liability: Emotional Harm, Family Law, and Stereotyped Narratives in Interspousal Torts (2013). Professor Nicola is a member of the American Society of Comparative Law (ASCL) Executive Board, she supervises PhD candidates at the European University Institute (Florence) and she is a fellow at the CDCT (Turin, Italy).

Nneoma Veronica Nwogu, World Bank Group


Nneoma Nwogu is a senior legal counsel for the World Bank Group, where she has represented the development institution in Africa and the Middle East, notably in project structuring, negotiations, and compliance in international development finance transactions and advisory services across a diverse portfolio that includes agriculture, food security, social safety net, maternal and infant health, climate change, education, energy and natural resources governance. Prior to joining the World Bank, she was an Associate at Hogan & Hartson LLP (now Hogan Lovells LLP), working on international business transactions. She has worked with the South African Human Rights Commission and the United States Justice Department, Civil Division. Beyond her transactional practice, she commits her intellectual abilities to capacity development. With a specialization in mineral law practice, Nneoma, in coordination with the University of Cape Town, South Africa, designed and facilitated a 10-day intensive training course in mineral law for advanced law students as well as law professors representing many African universities in December 2014. The training included trainers from global mining companies, civil society organizations, judges, law professors, and law firms. She has guest lectured at Vanderbilt University and Johns Hopkins School of International Studies. She has written on development issues, reviewed articles for legal journals and is currently serving on the Faculty of Loyola University of Chicago as an LLM thesis advisor. She was a fellow of the Paul and Daisy Soros Fellowship, Vice President of Programming on the Board of the Washington Foreign Law Society and a scholar delegate to the 2005 Academy of Achievement summit. Nneoma received her BA from Wellesley College, an M. Phil from Oxford University and Juris Doctor from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

Diego Rodríguez-PinzónAmerican University Washington College of Law


Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón (J.D., LL.M., S.J.D.) is Professorial Lecturer in Residence and Co-Director of the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at American University Washington College of Law (WCL). He is also Co-Director of the LLM in International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at WCL. He teaches courses in the fields of international law and human rights law. He served as Ad Hoc Judge in the Inter-American Court on Human Rights of the Organization of American States from 2007 to 2011. As correspondent for the British periodical Butterworths Human Rights Cases (Lexis-Nexis), Professor Rodríguez-Pinzón covers the Americas. He has served as international legal consultant for the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) and the Organization of American States (OAS), among other institutions. He was also staff attorney at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the OAS and Officer for Latin America at the International Human Rights Law Group (now Global Rights), a Washington DC based non-governmental organization. His recent articles include Precautionary Measures of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, in: Revista Aportes, Due Process of Law Foundation, 2014; Strengthening or Straining the Inter-American Human Rights System, (with Claudia Martin) in: Yves Haeck and Clara Burbano Herrera, 35 Years of Inter-American Court of Human Rights - Theory and Practice, Present and Future," (Intersentia, Cambridge/Antwerpen , expected 2014); and also in: Haeck,Y., McGonigle, B., Burbano-Herrera, C., and Contreras-Garduno, D. (eds.), The Realization of Human Rights: When Theory Meets Practice: Studies in Honour of Leo Zwaak (Intersentia, Antwerp, 2014); Precautionary Measures issued by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (with Clara Burbano Herrera) in: Yves Haeck and Clara Burbano Herrera, Preventing Violations of Human Rights: Are Urgent, Interim or Provisional Measures an Adequate Tool in Human Rights Litigation? (Oxford University Press, 2014); Precautionary Measures of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Legal Status and Importance (Human Rights Brief, Volume 20, Issue 2, Winter 2013); La Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos: Apuntes sobre su Labor de Supervisión, (Escuela Libre de Derecho, México, 2013); The Inter-American System: Landmark cases at the Inter-American Commission, Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, (Utrecht, The Netherlands, Intersentia 2012); The Inter-American Human Rights System and Transitional Processes, in Transitional Jurisprudence - The ECHR and Other Regional Human Rights Approaches to Transition, (Michael Hamilton & Antoine Buyse eds, Cambridge University Press 2011); Selected Examples of the Contemporary Practice of the Inter-American System in Confronting Grave Violations of Human Rights: United States and Colombia, in Asbjorn Eide et al (eds.) Making Peoples Heard: Essays on Human Rights in Honour of Gudmundur Alfredsson, (Leiden.Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011). His most recent books are El Debido Proceso Legal: Análisis desde el Sistema Interamericano y Universal de Derechos Humanos (Vol I and Vol II)(Due Process of Law: Analysis from the perspective of Inter-American and Universal Human Rights) (with Claudia Martin, Fabian Salvioli, Federico Di Bernardi, James Vertiz Medina) under the auspices of the Ministerio Público Fiscal de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina (2013); Advocating for Human Rights (with Claudio Grossman & Claudia Martin)(Brill Publishers Spring 2008); and The Prohibition of Torture and Ill-treatment in the Inter-American Human Rights System (with Claudia Martin) (2006), published in three languages –English, Spanish and Portuguese--, and Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos (International Human Rights Law) , (co-editor), (2004). He co-authored (with Claudio Grossman, Robert K. Goldman and Claudia Martin) the casebook The International Dimension of Human Rights: A Guide for Application in Domestic Law published by the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB 2001).

Chiara PappalardoAmerican University Washington College of Law


Chiara Pappalardo is a Professional Lecturer at American University Washington College of Law, and an international and comparative legal scholar engaged in research on European Union environmental and energy governance regimes, with particular focus on comparing EU and US laws. Her research interests include regulatory cooperation challenges confronting the European Union and the United States with respect to trade and investment in energy and energy-related products, and their effects on global energy markets. Ms. Pappalardo is also an attorney-at-law, licensed in Italy, with six years of litigation and transactional experience in commercial law, corporate law and private international law. In the United Stated, among other professional experiences, Ms. Pappalardo was foreign associate in the corporate and securities law practice of Fulbright & Jaworski L.L.P. (now Norton Rose Fulbright) in Washington D.C. and legal consultant for an Italian multinational manufacturing company conducting business in the United States, Canada and Mexico. She is Spanish mother tongue, fluent in Italian, French and English, and has working knowledge of Portuguese.

Dr. Patrick Ukata, American University School of International Service


Dr. Patrick Ukata is the Director of the American University of Nigeria (AUN) project at American University (AU). AU signed a five-year management and consultancy agreement in January of 2004 to assist with the development and building of a privately funded American-style university in Nigeria, the first of its kind in Sub-Saharan Africa. This agreement between AU and AUN has since been extended a number of times. Dr. Ukata has taught courses in African Political Economy and International Law and Diplomacy at American University. He has also taught African Politics as an adjunct faculty at George Washington University. Dr. Ukata specializes in the political economy and international relations of Africa, legal reforms and governance.