Advisory Board

The Advisory Board for the Program on International Communications Regulation and Policy is composed of experts in the field of Telecommunications and Information Communications Technology that have diverse backgrounds and eminent personalities. The advisory board will meet on an annual basis and provide strategic guidance for the course. The Board’s members will serve as potential guest speakers and provide valuable insight and networking opportunities for the WCL students enrolled in the class.

Patrick Mombasu
 

Patrick Masambu

Director General of the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO)

Mr Patrick Masambu was elected as the Director General of the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO) at the organization’s Assembly of Parties meeting held in Washington, D.C in October 2016.

Up to the time of assuming his new appointment that took effect on 18th July, 2017 Mr Masambu served as the Deputy Director General and Director of Technical Affairs at ITSO Headquarters in Washington, D.C for a period of 7 years. In this role, he made significant contributions to top level decision making in ITSO as well as related key satellite industry initiatives.

In the period prior to the year 2010, Mr Masambu held several top level management positions in Uganda’s telecommunications sector, where as the founding Chief Executive of the country’s communications regulatory agency, the Uganda Communications Commission, he had the opportunity to spearhead the country’s telecommunications and ICT reforms, operations and regulation.

In parallel with these duties, Mr Masambu has, throughout much of his career, actively led and participated in the design, development and implementation of various works and initiatives at regional and international level institutions such as the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Commonwealth Telecommunications Organization (CTO), African Telecommunications Union (ATU), World Bank and a number of Academic Institutions.

Mr Masambu holds MBA and B.Sc(Engineering)(Hons) degrees; a Postgraduate Diploma in Telecommunications Systems Management and several certificates in specialized disciplines in telecommunications; regulation and ICT.

Claudio M. Grossman

Professor of Law

Dean Emeritus of American University Washington College of Law

 

Claudio Grossman, Dean of American University Washington College of Law and the Raymond I. Geraldson Scholar for International and Humanitarian Law, is an expert on international law, human rights, and Inter-American affairs. Grossman was unanimously re-elected in May 2012 to a third term as chair of the United Nations Committee against Torture, a position which he has held since April 2008, and has been a Committee member following his November 2003 election to that body. He was previously a member of the Commission for the Control of Interpol’s Files. Grossman served as president of the College of the Americas, an organization of colleges and universities in the Western Hemisphere, from November 2003-November 2007. Previously, he was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights from 1993-2001, where he served in numerous capacities including twice as its President (1996 and 2001) as well as the special rapporteur on the rights of indigenous populations and the special rapporteur on women's rights. He has participated in numerous on-site visits and election-observing missions in Eastern Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East. He has also worked on international legal issues with the United Nations and the International Human Rights Law Group (now known as Global Rights). Grossman is fluent in Spanish, French, and Dutch. He is the author of numerous books and articles on international law, human rights, and the law of international organizations, and the recipient of numerous awards for his work in those fields.

Fiona Alexander

National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA)

 

Ms. Fiona Alexander is the Associate Administrator (Head of Office) for the Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration's (NTIA) Office of International Affairs (OIA). As the Executive Branch agency responsible for advising the President on telecommunications and information policy issues, NTIA is committed to the continued growth of the Internet.In her role as Associate Administrator for International Affairs, Ms. Alexander oversees and manages NTIA's activities related to the Internet's domain name system (DNS) as well as NTIA's involvement in international ICT bilateral and multilateral discussions in venues such as the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Telecommunications Working Group (APEC TEL), the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL), the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (ITSO), and, the International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO). She is also a key member of the Department's Internet Policy Task Force providing strategic guidance with respect to online privacy, copyright protection, and cybersecurity, and co-leading the work on the global free flow of information. Ms. Alexander was NTIA's lead negotiator for issues related to Internet Governance in the context of the UN World Summit on the Information Society as well as the Affirmation of Commitments with the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). In addition, Ms. Alexander was a key member of the U.S. team that worked on the OECD's Internet Policy Making Principles. Prior joining NTIA, Ms. Alexander was a Senior Consultant at Booz, Allen & Hamilton. She has a Master’s Degree in International Relations from American University, Washington, D.C.

Audrey Allison

Director of International Regulatory Affairs, Boeing

 

Audrey Allison is Director of International Regulatory Affairs for The Boeing Company. She represents Boeing on spectrum and market access issues before governments around the world, the International Telecommunication Union and the Inter-American Telecommunication Commission ("CITEL").

Ms. Allison has also represented the U.S. Department of Defense and various U.S. telecommunications companies on international and domestic telecommunications regulatory issues involving representation before the International Telecommunications Union, the Inter-American Telecommunications Commission, and the Federal Communications Commission. Ms. Allison served on the United States Delegation to the 2000 World Radiocommunications Conference (WRC-2000) and Radiocommunications Assembly in Istanbul, Turkey, where she chaired a conference subcommittee handling regulatory issues associated with the revision of the international radio regulations. Previously, Ms. Allison spent several years with the Federal Communication Commission's International Bureau and Review Board. From 1998-2000, she was employed by the satellite telecommunications company, Iridium LLC, where she handled similar international and domestic telecommunications regulatory issues.

Jonathan Baker

Professor of Law

 

Jonathan B. Baker is Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law, where he teaches courses primarily in the areas of antitrust and economic regulation. He served as the Chief Economist of the Federal Communications Commission from 2009 to 2011, and as the Director of the Bureau of Economics at the Federal Trade Commission from 1995 to 1998. Previously, he worked as a Senior Economist at the President’s Council of Economic Advisers, Special Assistant to the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice, an Assistant Professor at Dartmouth's Amos Tuck School of Business Administration, an Attorney Advisor to the Acting Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission, and an antitrust lawyer in private practice. Professor Baker is the co-author of an antitrust casebook, a past Editorial Chair of Antitrust Law Journal, and a past member of the Council of the American Bar Association’s Section of Antitrust Law. He has published widely in the fields of antitrust law and policy and industrial organization economics. In 2004 he received American University’s Faculty Award for Outstanding Scholarship, Research, and Other Professional Accomplishments, and in 1998 he received the Federal Trade Commission’s Award for Distinguished Service. He has a J.D. from Harvard and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University.

Donna Bethea-Murphy

Senior Vice President of Global Regulatory,  Inmarsat

Donna Bethea?Murphy is Senior Vice President of Global Regulatory for Inmarsat.    In this capacity she leads the company’s domestic and international regulatory activities.  Previous to Inmarsat, she was Vice President of Regulatory Engineering for Iridium where she led all of the company's global technical regulatory activities, including those related to policy, standards, licensing, International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and spectrum.  In addition, she serves on several Boards including the ITU’ Smart Sustainable Development Board.

As a leader and advocate within the satellite community, Ms. Murphy has consistently highlighted the importance of satellite services during emergencies and times of disaster. In particular, she has promoted in-country preparedness and disaster planning within the United States and at the United Nations. In part due to these efforts and Iridium’s work in disaster preparedness, the ITU selected Iridium as the recipient of its 2012 ITU Humanitarian award for which Donna accepted the award. Donna has taken on a leadership role within the industry in other areas and currently serves on the FCC’s communications Security Reliability and Interoperability Council and on the boards of the Satellite Industry Association and the Mobile Satellite Users Association.

While working on behalf of satellite companies, both for Iridium and previously for PanAmSat, Ms. Murphy has worked to establish regulatory policies to facilitate the successful roll-out of satellite based Internet, broadband, Direct-to-Home broadcasting, aeronautical, maritime and telephony services. Prior to joining PanAmSat, Ms. Murphy worked for a leading mobile terrestrial operator and advocated company regulatory policy positions before United States government agencies on issues such as Caller-ID, E-911, radio frequency radiation hazards and Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement.

Ms. Murphy began her career working for the Unite States Federal Communications Commission where she negotiated bilateral coordination agreements between US-based satellite operators and foreign administrations, and represented the US government before international intergovernmental bodies. Ms. Bethea-Murphy holds a Bachelors of Science in electrical engineering from Clemson University.

Michael W. Carroll

Professor of Law

Director, Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property

 

Michael W. Carroll is Professor of Law and the Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (2009- present). He teaches and writes about intellectual property law and cyberlaw. Professor Carroll's research focuses on the search for balance in intellectual property law over time in the face of challenges posed by new technologies. His research includes projects about the social costs imposed by one-size-fits-all intellectual property rights and about the history of copyright in music. Professor Carroll also is recognized as a leading advocate for open access over the Internet to the research that appears in scholarly and scientific journals. He has written white papers and has given numerous presentations to university faculty, administrators, and staff around the country on this issue. In addition, he speaks about and promotes publication of open educational resources and open scientific data.

Professor Carroll is a founding member of Creative Commons, Inc. (2001 – present). He also serves on the Board of the Public Library of Science (2012- present) and recently completed service on the National Research Council’s Board on Research Data and Information (2008-2013). He is a member of the Editorial Board of I/S Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society (2006 – Present). In addition, he is a Non-Resident Fellow at the Center for Democracy and Technology (2009- Present) and a member of the Advisory Board of Public Knowledge (2009-Present).

Prior to joining the WCL faculty, Professor Carroll taught at the Villanova University School of Law (2001-09), and he served as a law clerk to Judge Judith W. Rogers, U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, and Judge Joyce Hens Green, U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. He practiced law at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (1996-97; 2000-01) (now Wilmer Hale) in Washington, D.C. Prior to entering law school, Professor Carroll was a journalist in Chicago, a high school teacher in Zimbabwe, and a project assistant at the Africa-America Institute, where he worked on providing election monitoring and election assistance in Africa. He is a graduate of the Georgetown University Law Center and the University of Chicago.

Stephen Chernow

Vice President and Deputy General Counsel, Intelsat

 

Stephen Chernow currently serves as Vice President and Deputy General Counsel at Intelsat where he is responsible for all general legal matters including regulatory, trade compliance, business transactions, antitrust, litigation, satellite and launch vehicle procurement and satellite related services.

Before holding his current position, Mr. Chernow served as the Associate General Counsel at Intelsat. Additionally, Mr. Chernow was Senior Counsel at Mobil Oil for ten years where he was an advisor for commercial, contract, antitrust, franchise, and environmental issues.

David Hunter

Professor of Law

Director of the International Legal Studies Program

 

David Hunter is Professor of Law, Director of the International Legal Studies Program and Director of the Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law at American University's Washington College of Law. Professor Hunter was the former Executive Director of the Center for International Environmental Law and was formerly an environmental consultant to the Czech and Slovak environmental ministries, an environmental associate at the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, and executive director of WaterWatch of Oregon, a non-profit organization dedicated to improving western water laws. He currently serves on the Boards of Directors of the Bank Information Center, Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide-US, EarthRights International, and the Project on Government Oversight (chair). He is a Board Member and Member Scholar of the Center for Progressive Reform. He is also a member of the Organization of American States’ Expert Group on Environmental Law, the Steering Committee of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, and the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman’s Strategic Advisors Group. Professor Hunter is a 1983 graduate of the University of Michigan and a 1986 graduate of the Harvard Law School. Professor Hunter is author of many articles on international environmental law, and is co-author of International Environmental Law and Policy (Foundation Press) and Climate Change and the Law (Lexis Nexis Publishing).

Sofie Maddens

Head of the Regulatory and Market Environment Division of the ITU BDT

 

Ms. Maddens hasworked for over 20 years in the Information and Communications Sector in international and multi-cultural environments including in the Americas, Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

For over 20 years, Ms. Maddens has managed complex private sector, government, regional and international projects and grants. While balancing budgetary, legal, institutional, training considerations as well as geo-political needs and issues, Ms. Maddens has defined and drafted legal and regulatory frameworks and developed and implemented advocacy initiatives as well as corporate and government strategy recommendations. Ms. Maddens has advised both public and private sector clients and specializes in regulatory and policy assistance, capacity building and training, strategic advice and implementation, as well as project management and completion for ICT legal, regulatory and policy projects.

Ms. Maddens has managed and defined ICT projects in more than 50 countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe and the Samia Melhem is the chair of the e-Development Community of Practice, and leads the ICT unit’s Transformation practice as well asits Knowledge, Learning and Partnership functions. Her current operational advisory responsibilities include technical assistance and advisory services related to using technology for transformation, growth and development in client countries. In her 20 years of experience in development at the World Bank Group, Samia has worked on ICT4D in a several sectors: Telecoms policy ICT for public sector reform (taxes, customs, trade), education, innovation, Knowledge economy and private sector development.

Samia held several positions as regional coordinator in different regions such as Africa, Middle East and Europe and Central Asia and has experience in more than 40 countries, having managed a multitude of lending operations and analytical projects. She has authored working papers, case studies and policy notes focusing on ICTs for governance, public sector reform, governance,accountability and inclusion. She is now focusing on Open Government/Open data policies in her projects and research.She holds degrees in Electrical Engineering (BS), Computer Sciences (MS) and Finance (MBA).

East, focusing in particular on the information and communications sectors, the postal sector as well as on regulation and policy concerning the Internet, e-commerce, privacy, cyber crime and cyber security.

Samia MelhemLead

Policy Specialist

Chair, eDevelopment Community of Practice

Transport and ICT Global Team

The World Bank Group

 

Samia Melhem is the chair of the e-Development Community of Practice, and leads the ICT unit’s Transformation practice as well asits Knowledge, Learning and Partnership functions. Her current operational advisory responsibilities include technical assistance and advisory services related to using technology for transformation, growth and development in client countries. In her 20 years of experience in development at the World Bank Group, Samia has worked on ICT4D in a several sectors: Telecoms policy ICT for public sector reform (taxes, customs, trade), education, innovation, Knowledge economy and private sector development.

Samia held several positions as regional coordinator in different regions such as Africa, Middle East and Europe and Central Asia and has experience in more than 40 countries, having managed a multitude of lending operations and analytical projects. She has authored working papers, case studies and policy notes focusing on ICTs for governance, public sector reform, governance,accountability and inclusion. She is now focusing on Open Government/Open data policies in her projects and research.She holds degrees in Electrical Engineering (BS), Computer Sciences (MS) and Finance (MBA).

Pamela Meredith

Adjunct Professor, American University Washington College of Law

Chair, Space Law Practice Group at Zuckert, Scout &Rasenberger LLP

 

Ms. Meredith serves as the chair of the Space Law Practice Group at Zuckert Scoutt & Rasenberger, L.L.P., in Washington, D.C where she advises clients in areas including risk management, contracts, insurance, licensing, export controls, dispute resolution, and commercial space transactions. Ms. Meredith represents U.S. and European clients in consultations with the U.S. government, including the White House, Congress, Department of Defense, Department of State, and NASA on space-related legislation and policy matters. She has also obtained bilateral space cooperation agreements for foreign governments.

Ms. Meredith chaired the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics’ (AIAA) Legal Aspects Committee from 2005 to 2010 and is a member of the Risk Management Working Group of the Commercial Space Transportation Advisory Committee (COMSTAC) as well as the Cosmos Club of Washington D.C.

Ms. Meredith also serves as a member of WCL’s Adjunct Law faculty and has taught Space Law & Satellite Communications since 1988. She received her J.D. from the University of Oslo and an LL.M. from McGill University’s Air & Space Law Institute and has contributed greatly to her field through her authorship on the topic of Space Law and Commercial space Transportation.

Gerry Oberst

Senior Vice President, Global Regulatory and Governmental Strategy, SES

 

Gerry Oberst has worked in the field of telecommunications for over 30 years. After working within the satellite communications industry and serving as partner in the law firm Hogan Lovells, Mr. Oberst currently serves as Senior Vice President of Global Regulatory and Governmental Strategy at SES.

Mr. Oberst began his career in Washington, D.C. before moving to Brussels in 1991 where he helped open a new European office for his firm that specialized in international regulation of communications services. Throughout his career, Mr. Oberst has worked with the ITU, the European Commission and EU Member States, as well as other administrations. Additionally, Mr. Oberst is a member of the International Institute of Space Law. He is a prolific publisher who wrote some 240 regulatory columns inVia Satellitemagazine, and is a regular conference speaker.

Luiz Francisco T. Perrone

Senior Advisor, The Board of Oi

 

Luiz Perrone is Currently Senior Advisor to the Board of Oi and a member of other Oi’s Subsidiaries. From January 2009 until February 2011, Mr. Perrone has served as Oi’s Managing Director of International Affairs and Wholesale services.

Born in São Paulo, he holds a bachelor’s degree in Electronic Engineering from the Aeronautical Technology Institute (ITA) in São José dos Campos, São Paulo and has concluded extension courses in France, the Netherlands and United States. He launched his career at Telefunken do Brasil and Rhode und Schwarz (Munich, Germany). He worked at Brazil’s National Telecommunications Department and at Embratel, where he held several management positions, including Services Director and Deputy CEO from 1995 to 1997. He held executive positions at Intelsat in Washington, DC - USA from 1984 to 1995 and was Vice-President of Brazil’s telecoms regulator - Anatel – based in Brasília from 1997 to 2001. Mr. Perrone served as President of Hispamar Satélites (Rio de Janeiro) from 2002 to 2005 and joined Oi’s executive team through the merger of Telemar and Brasil Telecom; leading Brazilian full-service telecoms operators. At Brasil Telecom, he held the position of Strategic Planning and Regulatory Affairs Vice-President from 2005 to 2008.

Mr. Perrone was head of the Brazilian delegation at several international conferences organized by Intelsat, Inmarsat, the United Nations, ITU and Citel. He also served on the boards of the trade associations Abrasat, Telebrasil and Abrafix.

Victoria Phillips

Professor of Law

Director, Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic

 

Professor Phillips teaches communications and intellectual property law and is the Director of the Glushko-Samuelson Intellectual Property Law Clinic. She also helped found and is a faculty director of the law school’s Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP).

Before joining the WCL faculty in 2001 to help launch these programs, she was Chief of the Legal Branch of the Mass Media Bureau of the Federal Communications Commission and counsel in the Office of General Counsel. There she worked on a wide range of media policy proceedings including those related to broadcast ownership, broadcast public interest obligations, digital television conversion, children’s television, public television and political programming. Before joining the FCC she served as the Assistant General Counsel of the National Endowment for the Humanities, practiced communications and intellectual property law at Wiley, Rein and Fielding in Washington D.C. and clerked for Edward S. Northrop, U.S. District Judge in Baltimore, Maryland. She currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Washington Area Lawyers for the Arts (WALA) and on the Membership, Outreach and Training Committee of the AALS Section on Clinical Legal Education.

Francois Rancy

Director of the ITU Radiocommunication Bureau

 

Mr. Rancy was elected by the ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in 2010 to the post of Director of the Radiocommunication Bureau (BR) of the International Telecommunication Union. As Director, Mr. Rancy is responsible for the management of the Radiocommunication Bureau which organizes and co-ordinates the work of the Radiocommunication Sector whose aim is to ensure the rational, equitable, efficient and economical use of the radio-frequency spectrum and the geostationary satellite orbit.

Previous to taking up his duties at the ITU in January, 2011, he was Director General of the French Agencenationale des fréquences. Since 1995, Mr. Rancy has served as the head or deputy head for national delegations at many ITU conferences and meetings.

Mr. Rancy graduated from Ecole Polytechnique in 1977 and from Ecole nationalesupérieure des télécommunications in 1979.

Anthony Varona

Professor of Law, American University Washington College of Law;Associate Dean for Faculty and Academic Affairs

 

Dean Varona teaches Contracts, Administrative Law, Media Law, and Introduction to Public Law, in addition to serving as associate dean for faculty and academic affairs at the American University Washington College of Law. Prior to joining the WCL faculty in 2005, he was an associate professor of law at Pace Law School in New York. Before that, he served as general counsel and legal director for the Human Rights Campaign, the nation's largest gay civil rights organization.

Dean Varona practiced communications law at the Washington offices of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, LLP, and Mintz, Levin, Cohn, Ferris, Glovsky & Popeo, PC. He began his legal career as an honors program attorney for the Federal Communications Commission.

Dean Varona taught as an adjunct law professor for three years at Georgetown University, and served as a Wasserstein Fellow at Harvard Law School. He serves on the board of directors of the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation (GLAAD), and is a member of the Society of American Law Teachers and the Hispanic Bar Association of Washington. He has served on the boards of the Human Rights Campaign and the Alliance for Justice, was on the New York Advisory Board for the American Constitution Society, was founding chairperson of the AIDS Action Council's Legal Advisory Board, and served as a member of the Judicial Selection Steering Committee of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Dean Varona is published in a variety of notable law journals and has lectured widely on topics concerning media and communications law, civil rights, employment discrimination, and hate crimes, and has appeared as a legal commentator on CNN, Headline News, Fox News Network, Court TV, MSNBC, and in a variety of major daily newspapers and legal periodicals.

Perry Wallace

Professor of Law, American University Washington College of Law

 

Perry Wallace is a tenured professor of law specializing in Environmental Law, Corporate Law and Finance. He is a member of the National Panel of Arbitrators, National Association of Securities Dealers Dispute Resolution and has recently been elected to the Board of Directors of the Environmental Working Group.

Professor Wallace received his undergraduate degree in electrical engineering and engineering mathematics from the Vanderbilt University School of Engineering in 1970. He received his law degree from Columbia University in 1975, where he was awarded the Charles Evans Hughes Fellowship.

Professor Wallace was for several years a senior trial attorney at the United States Department of Justice, handling cases involving environmental and natural resources law. He has also served as a securities arbitrator for the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. and the New York Stock Exchange, Inc., and been a commercial arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association, Inc. He has written many chapters, articles and scholarly works on issues such as environmental law, and corporate governance.

Jennifer Warren

Vice President, Technology Policy & Regulation, Lockheed Martin

 

Jennifer A. Warren is Vice President of Technology Policy & Regulation of the Washington office of Lockheed Martin’s Government and Regulatory Affairs. In this position, she is responsible for managing the development and implementation of corporate domestic and international regulatory and associated policy strategies affecting business interests and opportunities, including spectrum, satellite/launch licensing, cybersecurity, energy/environment, and emerging technologies.

In 1996, Ms. Warren joined Lockheed Martin as a Director in Space & Strategic Missiles Sector, and subsequently became a Government Affairs Director in Lockheed Martin Global Telecommunications.  She then joined Washington Operations in 2001 as Senior Director, Trade & Regulatory Affairs.  From 1991-1996, Ms. Warren served in various capacities at the U.S. Federal Communications Commission, including Senior Legal Advisor/International Bureau and Assistant Chief/Wireless Telecommunications Bureau and has served on numerous US Delegations to regional and global intergovernmental organizations.

Prior to joining the US Government, Ms. Warren worked for the Commission of the European Union in Brussels, with particular focus on EU-Japan and EU-US issues, and in Washington, DC with a focus on EU-US trade. Ms. Warren is a graduate of Georgetown University and Georgetown University Law Center, and is an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University Law Center. She also sits on the Board of the Satellite Industry Association, the Commercial Policy Board of Tech America, and the Board of the US ITU Association and serves on a number of government advisory committees.

Antonio Garcia Zaballos

Inter-American Development Bank

 

Antonio García Zaballos is Lead Specialist on telecommunications in Institutions for Development and he is also the leader of the broadband initiative. He has more than 15 years of experience in the telecom sector where he has been working in different positions in different companies.

At Deloitte Spain he led the practice of regulation and strategy, and previously served as the Head of the Cabinet for Economic Studies of Regulation in Telefónica of Spain, and also was Deputy Director of Economic Analysis and Markets at the Spanish Telecom Regulator (CMT).

Mr. Zaballos holds a PhD in Economics from the University Carlos III of Madrid and is an associate professor of applied finance to Telecommunications at the Instituto de Empresa Business School. He is author of several publications on economic and regulatory aspects for the sector of telecommunications.