Hypothetical Case

The Competition is based on a hypothetical case written by experts in the Inter-American human rights legal system and reflects a cutting-edge legal issue currently being debated in the region. The 2018 Hypothetical Case will focus on the topic of "Gender Violence and International Human Rights Law" and will be written by Julissa Mantilla Falcón, Professor from Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru (PUCP). The case will be published on December 8, 2017. You can read a biography of the author below.


Julissa Mantilla Falcón

Julissa Mantilla Falcón is a lawyer by the College of Law of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (PUCSP). She received a Diploma on Gender from the Faculty of Social Sciences of PUCP and an LL.M. from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), London, in 2000. Lecturer of the Academy of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law of American University. Professor of the Master’s in Gender Studies and the Master’s in Human Rights of the College of Law of PUCP. Member of the Research Group on Law, Gender and Sexuality (DEGESE) of PUCP. She has been a Fellow at the World Bank, LSE and the Fullbright Program. Invited Lecturer at the Colombian Institute of Human Rights, the Universidad de Deusto and the Universidad Uberoamericana de México, among others. Is a member of the Gqual Campaign. She was a lawyer for the Peruvian Public Defender’s Office, conducting research on reproductive rights, especially in cases of forced sterilization against Peruvian women. She was also responsible for the gender issues at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Peru and of the investigation of cases regarding sexual violence against women in the Peruvian armed conflict. She was the International Special Adviser on Transitional Justice with a Gender Perspective for the United Nations  Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women). She was a member of the Criminal Policy Commission of the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of Colombia. She has been an expert before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights on issues of sexual violence in armed conflict and gender stereotypes. She has participated as an expert before the Peruvian courts in cases of sexual violence during the Peruvian armed conflict. Her work as a consultant and international expert includes entities such as UN Women, the International Bar Association, Gire, The Institute for International Criminal Investigations (IICI), ICTJ, among others. She is a member of the Latin American Network of Academics of Law (Red Alas), in which she leads a research group on the investigation of human rights violations, reparations and gender perspective.

Previous topics have addressed:

  • Emerging Challenges in the Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law
  • Extractive Industries and Human Rights
  • Transitional Justice, International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
  • Rights of Persons with Disabilities and International Human Rights Law
  • LGBTI Rights
  • State of emergency
  • Freedom of speech
  • Gender discrimination & rape
  • Freedom of press
  • Right to life
  • Torture
  • Fair trial
  • Labor unions
  • Indigenous rights
  • Terrorism
  • Environment and human rights
  • Migration
  • Freedom of expression
  • Transitional Justice, International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

Previous authors have included:

  • Inter-American Commission on Human Rights attorneys
  • Former Indigenous Rights Rapporteur to the OAS
  • Leaders of prominent NGOs

To read past hypothetical cases, please visit the Past Competitions page and click on the title of the case you would like to read.

OAS & OAS-related information

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