According to the World Health Organization, "the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being." However, for many women and LGBTQ individuals around the world, the promise of health remains unfulfilled. Gender discrimination, stereotyping, and socio-economic vulnerability create barriers to obtaining high quality health services for women, and members of LGBT communities.
Too often, at both the international and domestic levels, law makers fail to take into consideration the gendered dimensions of health policy, such as women’s particular health needs, the importance of pre- and post- natal care as well as sexual and reproductive health services, the special needs of women with disabilities or people living with HIV/AIDS, challenges faced by transgender and intersex individuals in obtaining needed services, the unique situations of indigenous or ethnic minority women, the overrepresentation of female workers in low-wage health care jobs, and caretaking obligations which fall disproportionately on female family members. On the flip side, public health officials often respond to the immediate needs on the ground, but fail to take into account how the structure of a health care system often reflects or even reinforces gender-based biases.
Developing and maintaining strong public health systems that take into account the needs and concerns of women and LGBT community members will require the expertise of legal practitioners who are well versed in international human rights law and domestic legal and policy frameworks, and attentive to the gender-based structures which impede enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health.
AUWCL serves as the academic home for the Reproductive Justice Fellowship Program (RJFP) through a partnership between the law school’s Women and the Law Program and If-When-How. Reproductive Justice Fellows become part of the AUWCL community by mentoring and networking with our students and participating in academic conferences. Read more
Special guests Nnennaya Amuchie, State Strategies Manager from All* Above All, and Claudia Booker, Certified Professional Midwife and founder of DC Midwives of Color, joined the Women and the Law program and WCL law students to explore the circumstances that make DC mothers twice as likely to die because of pregnancy than the average American woman. Read more
Moderated by Professor Kraiem, the panel entitiled, "Heaven and Health," discussed legal issues surrounding religion, health laws, and religious objections as a part of the Journal of Gender, Social Policy and Law's Spring Symposium. Read more
Associate Director Profile
DANIELA KRAIEM is a Practitioner-in-Residence and Associate Director of the Women and the Law Program. She guides the Women and the Law Program’s Gender, Health and Justice Project, which includes partnerships with the Pan-American Health Organization and If-When-How, a national network of law students and legal professionals dedicated to reproductive justice.
"Medicaid Cost Concerns: Per Capita Caps, Block Grants, Managed Care"
As a part of American University's Health Law and Policy's Program's Next Steps in Health Reform Conference, Professor Kraiem moderated a panel entitled, "Medicaid Cost Concerns: Per Capita Caps, Block Grants, Managed Care."