Works of Professor Susan Franck


Investor–State Disputes: Prevention and Alternatives to Arbitration: Proceedings of Symposium held on 29 March 2010 (UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT, UNCTAD/WEB/DIAE/IA/2010/8, 2011).


Inside the Arbitrator’s Mind, EMORY L.J. (forthcoming 2017) (with James Freda, et al.).

International Arbitration – Between Myth and Reality, MCGILL J. DISP. RESOL. (forthcoming 2017).

Crafting Appropriate Dispute Settlement: The Politics of International Investment Disputes, in CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION: THE FORDHAM PAPERS (2016).

Predicting Outcomes in Investment Treaty Arbitration, 65 DUKE L.J. 459 (2015) (with Lindsey Wylie). Cited and Discussed in Report of the Investment Treaty Working Group of the International Arbitration Committee of the American Bar Association Section on International Law (Oct. 2016),

The Diversity Challenge: Exploring the “Invisible College” of International Arbitration, 53 COLUM. J. TRANSNAT’L L. 429 (2015) (with James Freda, et al.). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2015). Discussed and Quoted in Christine Simmons, Where Are the Women and Minorities in Global Dispute Resolution, N.Y. L.J. (Oct. 7, 2016), Discussed and Quoted in Sarah Vasani, Inspired Arbitrator Choices: Addressing International Arbitration’s Diversity Deficit, YOUNG ARB. REV. (Oct. 2016), Cited and Discussed in Report of the Investment Treaty Working Group of the International Arbitration Committee of the American Bar Association Section on International Law (Oct. 2016),

International Arbitration: Demographics, Precision and Justice, in ICCA PROCEEDINGS 33 (Albert Jan Van Den Berg ed. 2015) (with James Freda, et al.).

Conflating Politics and Development in the Outcomes of Investment Treaty Disputes, 55 VA. J. INT’L L. 13 (2014). Discussed and Quoted in William Mauldin, Dispute-Resolution Systems Fuels Criticism of Pacific Trade Pact, WALL ST. J. (Mar. 2, 2015). Discussed and Quoted in An open letter about investor-state dispute settlement (Apr. 2015),

Foreign Investments and the Market for Law 2014 U. ILL. L. REV. 1617 (with Erin O’Hara O’Connor).

Using Investor-State Mediation Rules to Promote Conflict Management, 29 ICSID REV. 66 (2014). Discussed and Quoted in EUROPEAN UNION COMMISSION, INVESTOR-TO-STATE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT (ISDS): SOME FACTS AND FIGURES (Mar. 12, 2015),

Investor-State Mediation, 29 ICSID REV. 90 (2014) (with Anna Joubin-Bret).

Managing Expectations: Beyond Formal Adjudication, in PROSPECTS IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW AND POLICY 371 (Roberto Echandi & Pierre Suave, eds. 2013).

Book Review: The Public International Law Regime Governing International Investment, by Jose E. Alvarez, The Hague: Hague Academy of International law, 2011, Pp. 502, 106 AM. J. INT’L L. 890 (2012) (peer reviewed).

Rationalizing Costs in Investment Treaty Arbitration, 88 WASH. U. L. REV. 769 (2011).

The ICSID Effect?: Considering Potential Variations in Arbitration Awards, 51 VA. J. INT’L L. 825 (2011).

Considering Recalibration of International Investment Agreements: Empirical Insights, in THE EVOLVING INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT REGIME: EXPECTATIONS, REALITIES, OPTIONS (Jose E. Alvarez, et al. eds., 2011).

Through the Looking Glass: Understanding Social Science Norms for International Investment Law, 2010-11 Y.B. ON INT’L INVESTMENT L. & POL’Y 883 (2011) (co-authored) (peer reviewed).

Development and Outcomes of Investment Treaty Arbitration, 50 HARV. INT’L L.J. 436 (2009).

Empiricism and International Law: Insights for Investment Treaty Dispute Resolution, 48 VA. J. INT’L L. 767 (2008) (solicited essay).

Reconsidering Dispute Resolution Options in International Investment Agreements, in APPEALS MECHANISMS IN INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT DISPUTES 143 (Karl P. Sauvant ed., 2008).

Integrating Investment Treaty Conflict and Dispute Systems Design, 92 MINN. L. REV. 161 (2007). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2015).

Empirically Evaluating Claims About Investment Treaty Arbitration, 80 N.C. L. REV. 1 (2007). Cited in Report of the U.S. Department of State's Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy Regarding the Model Bilateral Investment Treaty (Sept. 30, 2009). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2010).

Foreign Direct Investment, Investment Treaty Arbitration and the Rule of Law, 19 PACIFIC MCGEORGE GLOBAL BUS. & DEV. L.J. 337 (2007) (symposium piece).

ICSID Institutional Reform: The Evolution of Dispute Resolution and the Role of Structural Safeguards, in INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONAL REFORM: PROCEEDINGS OF THE HAGUE JOINT CONFERENCE ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW (Agata Fijalkowsi, ed.) (2007).

The Nature and Enforcement of Investor Rights Under Investment Treaties: Do Investment Treaties Have A Bright Future, 12 U.C. DAVIS J. INT’L L. & POL’Y 47 (2005) (symposium).

International Decisions: Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. The Republic of Ecuador, 99 AM. J. INT’L L. 675 (2005) (peer reviewed). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2005).

The Legitimacy Crisis in Investment Treaty Arbitration: Privatizing Public International Law Through Inconsistent Decisions, 73 FORDHAM L. REV. 1521 (2005). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2005).

The Liability of International Arbitrators: A Comparative Analysis and Proposal for Qualified Immunity, 20 NEW YORK LAW SCH. J. INT’L & COMP. L. 1 (2000). Reprinted in TRANSNAT’L DISPUTE MGMT. (2005). Christians v. Crystal Evangelical Free Church: Interpreting RFRA in the Battle Among God, The Government, and the Bankruptcy Code, 81 MINN. L. REV. 981 (1997).


Bridging the Divide Between Theory and Practice, 6 WORLD ARB. & MED. REV. 561 (2012) (with Leah Harhay).

Costs in Investment Arbitration, in INTERNATIONAL DISPUTE RESOLUTION: THE ROLE OF PRECEDENT 65 (Carl Baudenbacher & Simon Planzer eds., 2011).

International Investment and ADR: The Way Forward, in UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT (UNCTAD/WEB/DIAE/IA/2010/8, 2011).

Empirical Modalities: Lessons for the Future of International Investment, 104 AM. SOC'Y INT'L L. PROC. 33 (2010).

The Crossroads of Investment Arbitration, 103 AM. SOC'Y INT'L L. PROC. 477 (2009).

The Future of Law and Development: Investment Treaty Arbitration and Law & Development, 104 NW. U. L. REV. COLLOQUY 178 (2009).

International Investment Arbitration: Winning, Losing and Why, COLUMBIA FDI PERSPECTIVES, (Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment, New York, NY), Perspective No. 7, June 15, 2009.

An Empirical Analysis of Investment Treaty Awards, 101 AM. SOC'Y INT'L L. PROC. 459 (2007).

Foreword: A Symposium Exploring the Modern Legacy of William Jennings Bryan, 86 NEB. L. REV. 142 (2007).

Sanctions for Frivolous Challenges to Arbitration Awards, A.B.A. INT’L ARB. NEWS, Spring 2007, at 2.

Transforming into an International Lawyer, ILSA Q., Dec. 2006, at 23.

The Role of the International Arbitrator, 12 ILSA J. INT’L & COMP. L. 499 (2006). Reprinted in 5 INSTITUTE OF CHARTERED FINANCIAL ANALYST OF INDIA’S J. ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION 25 (2006).

Borrowing” Help? Using Conflicts of Law to Aid Clients and Lawyers, NEB. LAW., Jan. 2006, at 13.

A Survival Guide for Small Businesses: Avoiding the Pitfalls in International Dispute Resolution, 3 MINN J. BUS. LAW & ENTREP. 19 (2004).