- On November 20, 1986, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights received the following complaint:
- In a note of December 10, 1986, the Commission transmitted the pertinent parts of the complaint to the Government of the Republic of Peru, with a request for any relevant information, but failed to receive a reply within the statutory period.
- The request for information was reiterated through notes sent to the Government on January 11, 1988, June 7, 1988, February 17, 1989, and September 7, 1989, which referred to the possibility of applying Article 42 of the Regulations of the Commission. No reply was received to those notes either.
Juan Rivera Alarcon, Victor Rojas, and three other people were detained by members of the Peruvian army in Vilcashuaman, Department of Ayacucho, on November 9, 1986, the day on which municipal elections were being held throughout the country. According to reports, many people witnessed the detention of Juan Rivera, 35 years old, farmer, married, with six children; Victor Mendivil Rojas, 51 years old, farmer, married, with two children; Benigno Mendivil Rojas, married, with three children; Ercilio Rojas Ochoa, 40 years old, farmer, married, with five children; and Moisés Echaccaya Gamboa, with two children. It is believed that they were taken to the Vilcashuaman barracks, but authorities say that the detention did not occur.
- That in resolution AG/RES. 666 (XIII-O/83) the General Assembly declared that "the practice of forced disappearance of persons in the Americas is an affront to the conscience of the hemisphere and constitutes a crime against humanity."
- That the period established in Article 34, paragraph 5, of the Regulations of the Commission has elapsed without the Government of Peru having responded to the request for information made by the IACHR in the notes referred to in the background section of this report, so that it may be presumed that there are not any remedies under domestic jurisdiction to be exhausted (Article 46 of the American Convention), in light of the adversarial procedure established in that Convention.
- That Article 42 of the Regulations of the Commission reads:
- That Article 1, paragraph 1, of the American Convention on Human Rights reads:
- The States Parties to this Convention undertake to respect the rights and freedoms recognized herein and to ensure to all persons subject to their jurisdiction the free and full exercise of those rights and freedoms, without any discrimination for reasons of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, economic status, birth, or any other social condition.
- That the Republic of Peru is a State Party to the American Convention on Human Rights and has ratified the binding jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
The facts reported in the petition whose pertinent parts have been transmitted to the government of the State in reference if, during the maximum period set by the Commission under the provisions of Article 34, paragraph 5, the government has not provided the pertinent information, as long as other evidence does not lead to a different conclusion.
Article 1. Obligation to Respect Rights
Therefore, in view of the related background and the considerations as well as of the fact that the Commission does not have any other evidence that would lead it to a different conclusion, based on Article 42 of its Regulations,
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
- To presume to be true the facts denounced in the communication of November 20, 1986, on the arbitrary detention by Peruvian government agents and the subsequent disappearance of Juan Rivera Alarcon, Victor Mendivil Rojas, Ercilio Rojas Ochoa, Moises Echaccaya Gamboa, and Benigno Mendivil Rojas, in Vilcashuaman, Department of Ayacucho, on November 9, 1986.
- To declare that that act constitutes a serious violation by the Peruvian state of the rights to life, humane treatment, personal liberty and a fair trial (Articles 4, 5, 7, and 8, respectively, of the American Convention on Human Rights).
- To recommend to the Government of Peru that it conduct the most exhaustive investigation possible of the acts denounced in order to identify those who are directly or indirectly responsible so that they may receive the corresponding legal penalties and that it inform the Commission of its decision and the measures taken, within a maximum period of 60 days.
- To recommend to the Government of Peru that it adopt the measures established under national law to indemnify the families of the victims.
- To transmit this report to the Government of the Republic of Peru and to the petitioners.
- If, within the period set in operative paragraph 3 of this report, the Government of Peru has not presented observations, the Commission shall include this report in its Annual Report to the General Assembly, in accordance with Article 48 of the Regulations of the Commission.