CASE 2647 (HAITI)
March 9, l982
- In a communication dated November 24, l977, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights received the following denunciation:
Ceres Daccueil, a Haitian citizen and resident of L'Arcahaie (Robert rural section) was arrested in September, 1976, and is being detained in the Fort Dimanche prison in cell No. 4.
Ceres Daccueil has been held for more than a year in flagrant violation of the Haitian Constitution which stipulates:
No one may be kept under arrest more than forty-eight (48) hours, unless he has appeared before a judge who is assigned to rule on the legality of the arrest and the judge has confirmed the arrest by a decision giving reasons therefore. (Article 17)
Ceres Daccueil should be released or, if any charges have been placed against him, he should be tried immediately by a jury of his peers.
- On March 16, l978, the Commission addressed the Government of Haiti and transmitted to it the pertinent parts of the denunciation and .requested it to furnish information that it considered appropriate in connection with the facts denounced.
- On April 14, l978, the Commission received from the Haitian Government a communication dated April 5, which acknowledged receipt of the letter of March 16 and in which the aforementioned government stated the following:
The Chancellery hastens to reiterate once again that there are no political prisoners in Haiti. It also requests you to not take into consideration any more petitions and accusations of this type that are lodged against the Haitian Government. Moreover, all persons having such petitions may always address the Department of Justice which is required to provide them with all necessary information.
- Since the reply of the Haitian Government confines itself to denying in a general fashion the existence of political prisoners in Haiti and does not refer specifically to the status of Mr. Ceres Daccueil, whose personal identification and place of detention were made known to the government when the pertinent parts of the petition were transmitted to it, the Commission decided to request the Government of Haiti once again to furnish information on the case in question, which it did in a communication dated January 3, l979. The pertinent parts of this communication read:
We request the Haitian Government to forward to us specific information in connection with the following:
- Has Mr. Ceres Daccueil been arrested or imprisoned and what was the date of his arrest or imprisonment?
- If the aforementioned person has been arrested or imprisoned, what is the date of his release and what legal provisions have been invoked?
- In the event that this person has been arrested or imprisoned, what has he been accused of and what was the decision handed down in the case?
- According to the allegations received by the Commission, Mr. Daccueil has died during the course of his detention and, should that be the case, what were the date and the cause of his death?
- The Government of Haiti did not reply to this new request for information even though the same request was made in another note dated December 2l, l981, which also warned of eventual application of Article 39 of the Regulations of the Commission if the information requested was not received within a reasonable time.
- In its note dated April 5, 1978, the Government of Haiti confined itself to denying in a general fashion the existence of political prisoners in the country, and did not refer specifically to the status of Mr. Ceres Daccueil.
- That the term stipulated in Article 31 of the Regulations of the Commission has lapsed and to this time the Government of Haiti has not replied to repeated requests for information made by the IACHR in connection with the status of Mr. Ceres Daccueil, and this leads to the presumption that there are no further remedies under domestic law that must be exhausted (Article 46 of the American Convention) in accordance with the procedures established in that Convention.
- Article 39 of the Regulations of the Commission reads:
The facts reported in the petition whose pertinent parts have been transmitted to the government of the state in reference shall be presumed to be true if, during the maximum term set by the Commission under the provisions of Article 31 paragraph 5, the government has not provided the pertinent information, as long as the other evidence does not lead to a different conclusion.
- Article 1 of the American Convention on Human Rights reads:
Article 1. Obligation to Respect Rights
- The States Parties to this Convention undertake to respect the rights and freedoms recognized herein and to ensure to all persons subject to their jurisdiction the free and full exercise of those rights and freedoms, without any discrimination for reasons of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, economic status, birth or any other social condition.
- The Republic of Haiti is a State Party to the American Convention on Human Rights.
Therefore, in view of the foregoing information and the considerations made, and since the Commission does not have other information that would lead it to conclude otherwise, on the grounds of Article 39 of its Regulations,
THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
- To presume to be true the facts denounced in the communication of November 24, l977, relating to the status of Mr. Ceres Daccueil, arrested in September, l976, and located, at the time of the denunciation, in cell No. 4 of the Fort Dimanche prison, considering that no information has been received as to his release or having been placed under the orders of a competent authority, or, in the event that he has died in prison, what were the date and the cause of his death.
- To declare that these facts constitute a grave violation of the following rights protected in the American Convention on Human Rights: right to personal liberty (Article 7); right to humane treatment (Article 5); right to a fair trial (Article 8).
- To recommend to the Government of Haiti: a) that it provide for the immediate release of Mr. Ceres Daccueil; b) that in the event that Mr. Daccueil has died in prison, to report the date on which his death occurred and the causes of it.
Furthermore, to recommend to the Government of Haiti: a) that it make a full and impartial investigation to determine who is responsible for the facts denounced; b) that, in accordance with Haitian law, it punish those responsible for the facts denounced; c) that it report to the Commission within a term of ninety days on the measures that it has taken to put the aforementioned recommendations into practice.
- To communicate this resolution to the Government of Haiti and to the petitioner.
- To include this resolution in its Annual Report of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States.