Faculty Affiliated with the Health Law & Justice Program

Nick Bath
LAW-719A-001 Health Law: Legislative and Regulatory Process

Nick Bath started his career on the Hill in 2006 as Counsel and Investigator for the Democratic Policy Committee. From 2007 to 2008, he worked as Senior Counsel on Senator Edward M. Kennedy’s HELP Committee staff. In early 2009, he joined Senator Sheldon Whitehouse’s staff as Legislative Counsel for Health Care and staffed the Senator on the HELP Committee during the health reform debate. As Senior Health Policy Advisor to Chairman Harkin, Professor Bath handles issues related to the coverage title of the Affordable Care Act, including health insurance exchanges, insurance market reforms, and consumer protections, as well as health care quality, HIT, Medicare and Medicaid issues.

Jorge Contreras
LAW-773-001 Law and Regulation of Science

Prior to joining the Washington College of Law, Jorge L. Contreras served as a Senior Lecturer in Law and Acting Director of the Intellectual Property Program at Washington University in St. Louis School of Law. His research focuses on the effects of intellectual property structures on the dissemination of scientific and technological innovation and information.

Professor Contreras serves as Co-Chair of the American Bar Association Section of Science & Technology Law Committee on Technical Standardization and holds leadership positions with ASTM International, the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP), American Intellectual Property Law Association (AIPLA), and similar organizations. He recently completed a four-year term on the Council of the National Human Genome Research Institute at NIH. Professor Contreras is the editor of the Technical Standards Patent Policy Manual (ABA Publishing: Chicago, 2007) and has published numerous articles and chapters relating to the legal issues surrounding intellectual property, scientific research and standards development. Professor Contreras recently completed an empirical research study supported by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) regarding the effect of certain policy choices on the efficiency of standards-development processes.

Prior to joining Washington University, Professor Contreras was a partner at the international law firm of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, where he advised organizations on intellectual property, technology transfer and standards-related issues. He is a graduate of Harvard Law School (JD) and Rice University (BA, BSEE).

Susan Crockin
LAW-719-007 Reproductive Technologies and the Law

Susan Crockin has, since 1988, developed a unique legal and consulting practice focused on adoption, the assisted reproductive technologies and collaborative reproduction, reproductive genetics, 'embryo law' and stem cell research, and fertility preservation. Building on her volunteer advocacy work for both mandated infertility insurance coverage and adoption in Massachusetts in the 1980's, this became the first such legal practice in the country. As leaders in this growing field, our work has expanded to include the legal aspects of areas such as fertility preservation, reproductive genetics, stem cell research, and 'embryo law'. The Crockin Law & Policy Group, LLC currently represents individual clients, agencies, medical and donor programs, and institutions, in and outside of Massachusetts. Professor Crockin has provided legal counsel in over 1,000 adoptions, including co-parent, same-sex, and single parent adoptions, assisted with hundreds of egg donation and gestational carrier arrangements, and provides ongoing and consulting services to private agencies and private and hospital-based medical ART programs throughout the country. She is also a consultant to the Genetics & Public Policy Center in Washington, DC and holds academic appointments at Georgetown Law Center and Eastern Virginia Medical School.

Jeremy Cubert
LAW-719-010 Intellectual Property and the US Health Care System

Jeremy Cubert joined Dickstein Shapiro in 1999 and is a partner in the Intellectual Property Practice. He focuses his practice on biotechnology and chemical intellectual property law including patent prosecution, licensing and technology transfer, litigation, due diligence, and client counseling pertaining to the use and acquisition of intellectual property. Professor Cubert has been employed in the area of intellectual property law since 1992. He served as a scientist and technology transfer specialist for the National Cancer Institute and later as a staff attorney for the Federal Trade Commission. Professor Cubert advises clients regarding intellectual property acquisition and enforcement for technologies ranging from genomics and recombinant organisms to pharmaceuticals and medical devices.

Robert Dinerstein
LAW-756-006 Disability Rights Clinic Seminar
LAW-764-001 Disability Rights Law Clinic

Robert Dinerstein is professor of law, director of the clinical program (1988-96 and 2008-present), and director of the Disability Rights Law Clinic (2005-present) at AU's Washington College of Law, where he has taught since 1983. He was the law school's associate dean for academic affairs from 1997-2004. He specializes in the fields of clinical education and disability law, especially mental disabilities law (including issues of consent/choice, capacity and guardianship), the Americans with Disabilities Act, Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act, legal representation of clients with mental disabilities, the interaction between disability and the criminal justice system, and disability and international human rights.

Professor Dinerstein was appointed by President Clinton in 1994 to serve on the President's Committee on Mental Retardation (on which he served until 2001). He has consulted for the World Health Organization regarding the revision of mental health laws in Ghana and Malawi, and was a signatory to the Montreal Declaration on Intellectual Disabilities, adopted in Montreal, Canada in October 2004. Prior to joining AU, Professor Dinerstein worked as an attorney in the U.S. Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section, where he handled federal court cases on the rights of people institutionalized in mental hospitals, institutions for people with intellectual disabilities (mental retardation) and juvenile institutions, prisons, and jails. In addition to the Disability Rights Law Clinic, which he founded (and which handles special education, admission/commitment of people with intellectual disabilities, guardianship, ADA, and other cases), he teaches a seminar on law and disability and has taught interviewing and counseling, legal ethics, the supervised externship seminar, and the criminal justice clinic (which he directed from 1989-1995).

Professor Dinerstein is actively involved in organizations related to legal education nationally. He is a member of the Council of the American Bar Association Section on Legal Education and Admissions to the Bar, and previously was on the section’s Standards Review Committee. He has been a member of over 15 ABA-AALS joint site inspection teams, chairing two teams. Within the Association of American Law Schools, he has, among other things, chaired the section on clinical legal education, committee on clinical legal education, committee on sections and the annual meeting, and the planning committee for the 2006 clinical teachers’ conference (and has been a member of a number of other planning committees). He currently serves as chair-elect of the AALS section on law and mental disability as well as the secretary of the section on disability law. Previously, he served on the association’s Membership Review Committee.

Professor Dinerstein currently sits on the boards of directors of the Quality Trust for Individuals with Disabilities, Inc. (president), Equal Rights Center (treasurer), and Washington Legal Clinic for the Homeless, Inc. (treasurer), and in the past has served on the boards of the District of Columbia Bar Board of Governors (2002-05), Society of American Law Teachers, Mental Disability Rights International, Legal Counsel for the Elderly, and Maryland Disability Law Center, among other organizations. He has made numerous presentations on clinical legal education and disability law, among other topics, and has published a number of articles, chapters and other writing on these subjects. He is co-editor and co-author, with Profs. Stan Herr and Joan O=Sullivan, of A GUIDE TO CONSENT (AAMR, 1999); author of “Guardianship and Its Alternatives,” in ADULTS WITH DOWN SYNDROME (Siegfried M. Pueschel, ed., 2006); and co-author of the forthcoming LAWYERS AND CLIENTS: CRITICAL ISSUES IN INTERVIEWING AND COUNSELING (Thomson West, forthcoming 2009). He has an A.B. degree from Cornell University and a J.D. degree from Yale Law School.

Dipu Doshi
LAW-719-010 Intellectual Property and the US Health Care System

Dipu Doshi joined Dickstein Shapiro’s Intellectual Property Practice in September 2002, focusing on patent law. Professor Doshi has experience in most aspects of patent law in various technological fields, including pharmaceutical compounds, biological molecules, and DNA sequences. He also has experience with computer memory, imaging devices, and semiconductor inventions. Professor
Doshi’s practice encompasses all facets of intellectual property law, with a concentration in patent litigation, due diligence, client counseling, and patent prosecution.

Sean Flynn
LAW-962-002 Human Rights&Acccess to Medicines

Sean Flynn teaches courses on the intersection of intellectual property, trade law, and human rights and is the Associate Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP). At PIJIP, Professor Flynn designs and manages a wide variety of research and advocacy projects that promote public interests in intellectual property and information law and coordinates PIJIP’s academic program, including events, student advising and curriculum development. Professor Flynn’s research examines legal frameworks promoting access to essential goods and services. He serves as counsel for advocacy organizations and state legislatures seeking to promote and defend regulations that promote access to essential medicines. (PIJIP).

Prior to joining WCL, Professor Flynn completed clerkships with Chief Justice Arthur Chaskalson on the South African Constitutional Court and Judge Raymond Fisher on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He also represented consumers and local governments as a senior associate with Spiegel & McDiarmid and as senior attorney for the Consumer Project on Technology, served on the policy team advising then Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights Deval Patrick, and taught Constitutional Law at the University of Witwaterstrand, South Africa.

Heidi Gertner
LAW-774-001 Bioethics and the Law

Heidi Gertner has been a drugs counselor in the Office of the Chief Counsel of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the past ten years. Her areas of expertise are over- the-counter drug product regulation, drug safety, drug marketing and advertising, human subject protection, preemption, and combination products. Prior to joining FDA, Professor Gertner was a Bioethics Fellow in the Department of Clinical Bioethics of the U.S. National Institutes of Health from 1999 to 2001.

Before joining FDA, Professor Gertner was a Visiting Assistant Professor at Case Western Reserve University's Schools of Law and Medicine. She has published two law review articles, one of which was cited by the Massachusetts Supreme Court. She has also published articles in The Lancet, Archives of Internal Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynecology, The Journal of Clinical Ethics, and Cambridge Healthcare Ethics Quarterly, among others.

From 1997-1998, Professor Gertner was a Clinical Bioethics Fellow at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation. Professor Gertner has given lectures in Helsinki and London. She graduated cum laude from Binghamton University in 1994, and from Washington University School of Law in 1997 where she was a staff member of the Washington University Law Review Quarterly.

Alan Goldberg
LAW-640-001 Health Law

Alan Goldberg's Adjunct Faculties academic associations began at Boston College Law School as a Lecturer in Law teaching Land Finance. Professor Goldberg taught eHealth Care Law at the University of Maryland School of Law in Baltimore, Maryland and at Suffolk University Law School in Boston, Massachusetts. Professor Goldberg taught Health Care Informatics and Law at Marymount University School of Business Administration in Ballston, Virginia and Professor Goldberg teaches Health Law at George Mason University School of Law in Arlington, Virginia and previously at the George Mason University College of Health and Human Services Department of Health Administration and Policy in Fairfax Virginia. Professor Goldberg joined the law firm of Goulston & Storrs in Boston in 1967 after receiving a JD from Boston College Law School where he was a member of the Law Review and was awarded an academic scholarship and received an LLM (Taxation) in 1978 from Boston University School of Law. Except for a period of active duty as a member of Navy JAGC, Professor Goldberg practiced law in the firm's offices in Boston and Washington, DC, before disembarking on June 5, 2006 to open his law office in McLean, Virginia.

Professor Goldberg is a Past President and Inaugural Fellow of the American Health Lawyers Association; a former Council member of the Health Law Section of the American Bar Association; Past Chair of the Board of Governors of the Health Law Section and a Vice-Chair of the Law and Technology Committee and a member of the Board of Governors of the Section on Education of Lawyers; Vice Chair of the Council of the Health Law Section of the Virginia Bar Association; and a past Co-Chair of the Health Law Section and a past member of the Rules of Professional Conduct Review Committee of the District of Columbia Bar. He received the David J. Greenburg Service Award and was named an American Health Lawyers Association Inaugural Fellow in 2005 and in 2006, Professor Goldberg received the Distinguished Alumnus Award from Boston College Law School at the 75th anniversary celebration of the founding of the law school. Professor Goldberg is admitted to practice in Pennsylvania, Virginia, New York, District of Columbia, Florida, and Massachusetts, and is admitted to the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims. He maintains an educational blog for students at http://www.healthlawyerblog.com and further information regarding Professor Goldberg may be found at http://www.healthlawyer.com.

Jon Grossman
LAW-719-010 Intellectual Property and the US Health Care System

Jon Grossman is a partner in the Intellectual Property practice at Dickstein Shapiro LLP. Professor Grossman practices in the areas of patent law, copyright law, and licensing work with a specialization in issues concerning computer software. He has significant commercial licensing experience encompassing all aspects of contracting, including inbound and outbound licenses, development
agreements, Internet contracting, and copyright related agreements. Professor Grossman also provides clients a full range of IP counseling with a business focus in the areas of strategic acquisitions, outsourcing, and joint ventures and enforcement. Additionally, he works closely with clients in obtaining financing from venture capitalists.

The majority of Professor Grossman’s computer software experience stems from software patent prosecution, patent opinion making, copyright enforcement, and software licensing work. He also has extensive experience regarding Internet legal issues, privacy, and corporate IP due diligence. Professor Grossman is recognized as a leader in issues concerning business method patent protection and intellectual property opinion making.

Lewis Grossman
LAW-648-002 Food & Drug Law

Lewis Grossman joined the faculty of WCL in 1997. He became professor of law in 2003. He teaches and specializes in American legal history, civil procedure and food and drug law. Prior to joining the faculty of WCL, he was an associate at the D.C. firm of Covington & Burling, and prior to that, he was clerk for Chief Judge Abner Mikva, U.S. Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit.

Gail Javitt
LAW-719-006 Genetics and the Law

Gail Javitt has served as an adjunct professor of law at the University of Maryland School of Law, where she has taught Food and Drug Law and Genetics and Law, and at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, where she co-taught Health Law and Regulation. She was a Greenwall Fellow in Bioethics and Health Policy at Johns Hopkins and Georgetown Universities. She was an
Associate at Covington & Burling in Washington, D.C., where she specialized in FDA regulatory issues. She served as law clerk to the Honorable Gary L. Taylor, U.S. District Court, Central District of California. She has written on a variety of science regulatory and legal issues on topics including direct-to-consumer advertising of genetic testing and FDA regulation of biotechnology. She holds the Juris Doctor (J.D.), cum laude, from Harvard Law School, a Masters of Public Health (M.P.H.) from the Johns Hopkins University and a B.A., magna cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa, from Columbia College.

Daniela Kraiem
No health law classes currently associated with this professor.

Daniela Kraiem is the Associate Director of the Women and the Law Program and a Practitioner-in-Residence at American University Washington College of Law. Daniela works with the students, faculty and staff of the Washington College of Law incorporate gender into all aspects of legal education. She plans academic conferences on various subjects in the area of feminist jurisprudence (including in recent years meetings addressing Comparative Family Law, IP/Gender, Human Trafficking, and Prosecuting Sexual and Gender-based Crimes Before International/ized Criminal Tribunals). She coordinates grant-funded projects, including the Gender Jurisprudence Database Project (with the War Crimes Research Office). She collaborates with student groups to plan events on current issues in gender and law, works with the Academic Dean’s office to support the Washington College of Law’s comprehensive gender and law curriculum, and advises the students enrolled in the Gender and Law specializations in Washington College of Law’s two LLM programs.

Prior to joining the Washington College of Law, she represented labor unions and workers as an Associate at the law firm of McCarthy, Johnson and Miller in San Francisco. She was also a Staff Attorney at the Child Care Law Center, where she specialized in early childhood education workforce development, supporting women-owned small businesses, and increasing the availability of high quality child care for all children.

Her current research interests include the political economy of long term care for the elderly and persons with disabilities, child care, and gender and legal education.

Cristina Leria
LAW-719-005 International Human Rights Law and Global Health

Cristina Leria is a lawyer with almost twenty years experience in legal empowerment and international development. Now
an independent consultant, Professor Leria has worked with the Pan-American Health Organization in a variety of capacities since 2008, including most recently as Advisor, Human Rights Law for Health Services. As a member of the PAHO human rights team, she focused on the provision of technical cooperation to PAHO member countries, concerning the application of human rights legal obligations in areas such as medicinal products and technologies, mental health, disability, aging and HIV/AIDs. She has also helped develop and implement capacity building on human rights approaches within PAHO and for national-level public health services.

Prior to her work at PAHO, Professor Leria was a lawyer at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome from 1993 to 2006, where she was extensively involved in FAO’s program of legal assistance to member countries on natural resource management issues. Professor Leria holds degrees from the American University’s Washington College of Law (LLM, 2009, with a focus on health law and government); London School of Economics (LLM, 1991) and Universidad Autonóma, Madrid, Spain (1990).

William McConagha
LAW-719A-001 Health Law: Legislative and Regulatory Process

Bill McConagha is a Health Policy Advisor to Chairman Tom Harkin on the Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions (HELP) Committee, U.S. Senate. He handles issues related to FDA and has worked on the Affordable Care Act, the Food Safety Modernization Act, and the FDA Safety and Innovation Act. Professor McConagha is on detail to the HELP Committee from FDA, where he has worked since 1995. From 1995-2007, he worked in FDA’s Office of the Chief Counsel (OCC), first on litigation and criminal enforcement matters and later as regulatory counsel for drugs. In 2000-2001, he served as OCC’s Acting Principal Deputy Chief Counsel. From 2007-2009, Professor McConagha was FDA’s Assistant Commissioner for Accountability and Integrity, during which time he helped develop FDA’s new scientific dispute resolution policies and enhance the transparency and consistency of FDA’s Advisory Committee Program. He has also been detailed to a number of other agency positions, serving as Senior Advisor to the Associate Commissioner for Regulatory Affairs in 2000 and as Director of Policy Communications in 2007.

Cristina Meneses
LAW-719-001 The Law and Politics of Health Insurance Exchanges

Cristina M. Meneses, J.D., M.S. is staff attorney with the Network for Public Health Law - Eastern Region. Professor Meneses has worked in health care law and policy in various forms: through litigation, legislation, developing trainings for health care providers and providing technical assistance for legal advocates. She joined the Network for Public Health Law after working as a disability law attorney representing individuals with claims under the Americans with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Professor Meneses also spent two years at Georgia Legal Services Program, where she litigated on behalf of low-income Georgians in the areas of health, family, public benefits, employment and elder law. In addition to litigation, she initiated and developed a taskforce of legal and health care providers to address health care and legal access issues faced by limited English proficiency individuals. Prior to her career in law, Professor Meneses developed expertise in health policy work with a focus on eliminating health disparities. As a recreational therapist, consultant and instructor, she empowered clients to overcome the physical and psychological barriers they faced in their lives, while tackling systemic issues in the care facilities where she worked including racism, classism and discrimination based on sexual orientation and religion. Professor Menesesis a member of the Georgia and Washington D.C. Bar and awaiting admission into the New York Bar. She received a J.D. from the University of Maryland School of Law in 2008, an M.S. from Florida Gulf Coast University in 2005 and a B.S in Recreation Therapy from Ithaca College in 1999.

Steven Pavsner
LAW-719-002 Medical Liability & Public Health

Steven Pavsner, a shareholder in the Litigation Group of Joseph, Greenwald & Laake, P.A., has extensive experience in personal injury litigation, including the prosecution on behalf of victims of product liability cases, medical, legal, accounting and other professional negligence cases, class action litigation, business disputes and other complex civil litigation.

Professor Pavsner is a 1972 cum laude graduate of the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and a 1975 graduate of the Georgetown University Law Center.

Michael Ruggiero
LAW-719-009 Pharmaceuticals and the Law

Michael J. Ruggiero is Senior Director, Government Policy and External Affairs for Astellas Pharma US, the North American affiliate of Tokyo-based Astellas Pharma, Inc. Professor Ruggiero leads the team responsible for advising the company on the business impact of federal policy; developing and implementing the company’s federal public policy and government relations strategy; and working with patient and physician groups, industry organizations, and other stakeholders to advance common public policy goals.

Prior to joining Astellas, Professor Ruggiero practiced law in Washington, D.C. at the law firms of Arnold & Porter LLP and King & Spalding LLP, where he counseled healthcare and other businesses on a range of matters including issues arising under Medicare, Medicaid, and other government healthcare programs; regulation of products by the Food and Drug Administration; healthcare legislative analysis and advocacy; compliance with U.S. and foreign privacy and data protection laws; and compliance with laws governing political activities.

Professor Ruggiero is a former Vice Chair of the American Health Lawyers Association Life Sciences Practice Group; serves as adjunct faculty at the American University Washington College of Law; and is Vice Chair, Operations and a member of the Board of Directors of the National Kidney Foundation Serving the National Capital Area. He earned a J.D. cum laude from the Georgetown University Law Center and received his B.A. in Economics from Syracuse University. Prior to attending law school, Professor Ruggiero worked for the American Apparel Manufacturers Association and the American Textile Manufacturers Institute.

Asha Scielzo
LAW-719B-001 Health Care Fraud and Abuse: Contracting and Compliance
LAW-719-004 Health Care Fraud and Abuse
LAW-719-008 Health Care Corporate Compliance and Governance

Asha Scielzo serves as an adjunct faculty member for American University Washington College of Law, currently teaching Health Care Fraud and Abuse and Health Care Corporate Compliance and Governance. Professor Scielzo brings to the classroom significant expertise in a broad range of health law matters, developed in over 11 years of practice with Jones Day in their Washington, Atlanta and Cleveland offices.

Professor Scielzo advises health systems, hospitals, academic medical centers, physician organizations, and pharmaceutical/medical device companies in compliance matters, including fraud and abuse and Stark Law compliance, and reimbursement issues. She has significant experience advising health care providers on the development of an effective compliance program. Professor Scielzo also has substantial experience in the area of health care transactions, including hospital-physician contracting matters, as well as hospital and health system merger and acquisition transactions.

Prior to attending law school, Professor Scielzo worked as a health care strategy analyst at the Advisory Board Company in Washington, D.C. and coauthored articles published in distinguished clinical journals such as the Journal of the American Medical Association and Critical Care Medicine.

Stuart Silverman
LAW-640-001 Health Law

Stuart Silverman is an attorney with the Medicaid Fraud Control Unit in the District of Columbia Office of the Inspector General (OIG). He also has been designated as a Special Assistant United States Attorney and a Special Assistant Attorney General for the District of Columbia. Professor Silverman has practiced health care law for most of his professional life. Prior to joining the OIG, Professor Silverman was in private practice with Greenberg Traurig, and was also with the Office of the General Counsel for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). During his law firm association, Professor Silverman provided counsel to health care clients on fraud and abuse, managed care, Medicare reimbursement as well as long term care issues. While with HHS, he represented the Health Care Financing Administration in federal court and before administrative tribunals on issues arising under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Early in his career, Professor Silverman was an attorney with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and a Special Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia.

Professor Silverman has been active with the American Health Lawyers Association (AHLA). He has held various leadership positions with AHLA. Professor Silverman was a Vice-Chair for the HMOs and Health Plans Practice Group, and Co-Chair of the Sarbanes-Oxley Task Force. He was Chair of the Corporate Governance Task Force. Professor Silverman has also served as the Chair of the AHLA Business Law and Governance Practice Group.

Professor Silverman is an Adjunct Associate Professor at American University Washington College of Law and has taught a single two-hour class session on Medicaid fundamentals and enforcement initiatives to combat Medicaid fraud for the Health Law and Policy Institute (Summer 2010, 2011). He was also a guest lecturer at the Tsinghua University School of Law in Beijing, China for an eight-lecture series on American health law (May 2011).

Professor Silverman has written articles on numerous topics, and has appeared at conferences as a panel member on various health care subjects, including fraud and abuse and health care quality in nursing homes. Professor Silverman has been a member of the Advisory Board for the BNA publication Health Care Fraud Report and a member of the Steering Committee of the Health Law Section for the District of Columbia Bar.

Professor Silverman received his J.D. degree from Temple University School of Law, and is a member of the Pennsylvania and District of Columbia Bars. He is also a member of the United States Supreme Court, and the American Bar Association. Professor Silverman has held past memberships in the International Bar Association, the London Court of International Arbitration and the National Association of Corporate Directors.

Javier Vasquez
LAW-719-005 International Human Rights Law and Global Health

Javier Vasquez advises PAHO’s Member States in collaboration with its Representation offices on international human rights issues and strategies to improve the right to the highest attainable standard of health and other related human rights; on the formulation/review of national public health laws, polices, practices; and to structure public health services consistent with international human rights treaties and standards. Serve as the WHO focal point for human rights initiatives in the Americas in collaboration with WHO Headquarters (Geneva). He has officially conducted activities of technical collaboration and officially visited up to date 28 countries of PAHO/WHO. Previously, as a staff attorney for the IACHR, Professor Vasquez personally handled the first decision issued by the Inter-American System regarding violations to the human rights and fundamental freedoms of a person with a mental disability known as “the case of Victor Congo” which interpreted the American Convention on Human Rights in a manner consistent with international/regional health standards and European Human Rights Jurisprudence in the field of psychiatry and disability rights.