Leo Zwaak is a former Senior Researcher at the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM) and Associate Professor, Utrecht University. Professor Zwaak was responsible for the Digest of Strasbourg Case-Law Relating to the European Convention on Human Rights and the Council of Europe and Gross and Systematic Violations of Human Rights in Europe: the Case of Turkey. The Digest project (in cooperation with Council of Europe, Directorate of Human Rights; Professor P. van Dijk, co-editor) is designed to meet the needs of all those who are required to be, or have an interest in becoming, familiar with the case-law of the organs of the European Convention on Human Rights. The present project is an up-date of a six-volume publication on the case law of the European Commission and Court of Human Rights, covering the period from 1955 to 1996. He is also the co-author of the book Theory and Practice of the European Convention of Human Rights, 4th revised edition 2006, Intersentia, Antwerp, Belgium. He has been teaching in Central and East Europe, Africa and Latin America. He is visiting Professor at the Washington College of Law, American University, Washington D.C., the University for Peace, San Jose, Costa Rica and at the Viadrina European University, Frankfurt Oder, Germany.