Investigating Allegations of Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders

National Institute of Corrections
American University Washington College of Law
July 10-15, 2005

Faculty Biographies

Aaron Aldrich
Darrell Alley
Roy L. Austin, Jr.
Susan Carle
Daniel R. Dunne
Karen Giannakoulias
Dee Halley
Ronald Keith Reid
Brenda V. Smith
Melissa Turner
Ashbel T. (A.T.) Wall, IIl
Jaime M. Yarussi

Aaron L. Aldrich

Aaron Aldrich began his career at the Rhode Island Adult Correctional Institution in 1983 as a correctional officer at the high security center. He was promoted through the ranks from correctional officer, investigator, chief investigator, to his current position as Chief Inspector of Internal Affairs.

As Chief Inspector, he and his staff are tasked with the investigation of allegations of misconduct of the Rhode Island prison system's 1100 uniformed correctional staff and civilian employees. The investigations vary in range from off-duty misconduct, use of force, on duty misconduct, and conveyance of contraband.

Aaron also provides weekly training at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections training academy in the areas of crime scene and evidence preservation, sexual misconduct, and hostile toxic work environments.

Darrell Alley

Mr. Alley retired in December, 2004 concluding a 37 year sworn law enforcement career. His career included service with municipal, county, state, and federal law enforcement agencies. He served constituents in Florida, Virginia, Tennessee, and the National Institute of Corrections. He received his Bachelors Degree from Covenant College (TN), and his Masters Degree from Tusculum College (TN). He is a graduate of the National Crime Prevention Institute, the Southern Police Institute at the University of Louisville, and the Tennessee Government Executive Institute at the University of Tennessee. He served as an adjunct faculty member at the Cleveland State Community College (TN), the Cleveland State Law Enforcement Training Center (TN), the Tennessee Correction Academy, and as a training consultant with the National Institute Of Corrections (NIC).

He has served in various capacities as a member of the Exchange Club, Rotary Club, and United Way. He is past Chaplain, Secretary, and Vice President of the National Internal Affairs Investigators Association. He maintains membership in the Fraternal Order of Police, Tennessee Correction Association, American Correctional Association, and other professional organizations.

He and his wife, Laura, have been married for thirty-eight years and have two children and seven grandchildren. He currently serves a criminal justice consultant and full-time Associate Pastor at the River of Life Assembly of God in Smyrna, Tennessee.

Roy L. Austin, Jr.

Mr. Roy L. Austin graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in Political Science and received a J.D. from the University of Chicago Law School. He is a member of the Illinois and California Bar Associations.

During college and law school, Mr. Austin accrued a wide-range of criminal justice experience. Among other legal jobs, he has been a youth care worker at a youth detention center in central Pennsylvania, an investigator for the Washington, D.C. Public Defender Service, a law clerk for the Chicago Federal Defender Service and a legal assistant at a large D.C. law firm.

Mr. Austin began his career as a lawyer as a Trial Attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Criminal Section ("Criminal Section"). Almost immediately upon joining the Criminal Section, Mr. Austin served as a Special Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia with the Misdemeanor Trial Section. As a SAUSA, he prosecuted crimes ranging from simple assault to possession of cocaine with intent to distribute.

During his almost five years with the Criminal Section, Mr. Austin investigated and prosecuted violations of federal criminal civil rights statutes in federal courts across the country. Among his jury trials there, Mr. Austin tried a racially motivated aggravated assault in Tennessee, a cross burning in Illinois, a guard rape of a juvenile inmate in Georgia, a police officer beating of a truck driver in Indiana and a guard shooting of an inmate in California.

In 2000, Mr. Austin joined Keker & Van Nest LLP in San Francisco, California as an associate where he participated in a variety of complex civil and white-collar criminal cases. He worked extensively on a pro-bono lawsuit regarding racial profiling by the California Highway Patrol which resulted in a successful settlement.

In 2002, Mr. Austin returned to the D.C. U.S. Attorney's Office where he is now a Senior Assistant United States Attorney in the Sex Offense/Domestic Violence Section. In his current position, Mr. Austin is responsible for the investigation and prosecution of domestic homicide, sexual assault, child sexual assault and child prostitution cases.

Over his career, Mr. Austin has tried 40 cases, 25 of them before juries.

Susan Carle

Susan Carle is an Associate Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law, where she teaches torts, labor and employment law, legal ethics, and externship seminars. Prior to joining the faculty in 1997, Prof. Carle practiced law in the areas of labor and employment, primarily representing employees and labor unions. Prior to that, she worked for two years for the United States Department of Justice arguing appeals in cases arising under federal anti-discrimination laws covering employment and other issues. She graduated from Yale Law School in 1988 and clerked for the Honorable Dolores K. Sloviter of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in 1988-1989.

Daniel R. Dunne

DRD Training and Communications
Administration Division: Special Projects
Phone: (301) 249-2548

DRD Training and Communications helps leaders become compelling and influential communicators.

Mr. Dunne retired from the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBOP) on February 28, 2005. He was employed by the FBOP for 28 years, and since 1990 served as Public Information Officer (PIO), Central Office, Washington, D.C. As PIO, Mr. Dunne coordinated and responded to a variety of national media issues related to corrections and FBOP operations and programs. For example, this past Fall/Spring, Mr. Dunne responded to numerous media inquiries related to the incarceration, confinement, and release of Martha Stewart from Federal prison. Other noteworthy cases Mr. Dunne has been interviewed about include former organized crime boss John Gotti, baseball legend Pete Rose, former Washington, D.C. Mayor Marion Barry, to name a few.

During his career with the U.S. Justice Department, Mr. Dunne served in a variety of sensitive positions, all of which required effective communication with officials at all levels of the FBOP and with Federal Executives, Federal Legislative and Federal Judicial Branches, elected officials, media representatives, and the general public, as well as state and county representatives, and other community leaders and organizations.

In 2001, Mr. Dunne received the FBOP Director's Myrl E. Alexander Award (named after the FBOP's 3rd Director), for developing the media strategy and managing the media activities related to the execution of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh (a worldwide news event which involved over 1,600 news media representatives). Mr. Dunne has also served as the principal spokesperson during other situations attracting national news coverage - e.g., the 1991 prolonged hostage crisis at the Federal prison in Talladega Alabama.

Mr. Dunne earned his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, and a Master of Science degree from West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. In addition, he has served as an adjunct professor for Fairmont State College, Fairmont, West Virginia, and Marist College, Poughkeepsie, New York.

Karen Maria Giannakoulias

Karen has worked for over nineteen (19) years in criminal/civil investigations. She started her career in law enforcement in 1985 with the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington DC where she was in charge of patrolling neighborhoods within the boundaries of the District of Columbia. Her duties included but were not limited to the apprehension and processing of criminal suspects, completion and investigation of incident and criminal police reports, testifying during proceedings, trials and preventing crimes.

Karen became an undercover investigator where she participated in covert investigations for the purpose of prostitution, gambling, narcotics, intelligence, child pornography and organized crime. She then moved to the sex offenses unit of the Metropolitan Police Department where she was responsible for the management and investigation of all adolescent and adult sexual abuse allegations. Those duties and responsibilities included conducting forensic interviews, interviewing targets and witnesses, preparing search and arrest warrants, surveillance, and presenting cases to the U.S. Attorney's Office and Office of the Attorney General for civil/criminal merit.

Karen moved to the Office of Professional Responsibility/ Office of Internal Affairs where she was accountable for conducting criminal, civil and administrative investigations involving allegations of misconduct and corruption of Metropolitan Police Department (sworn and civilian) personnel and District of Columbia Government employees. Her duties and responsibilities included interviewing complainants and the targets of the investigations, preparing investigative memorandums, search warrants and police reports, surveillance, and presenting cases to the U.S. Attorney's Office and Office of the Attorney General for criminal merit.

Karen has also provided training to other law enforcement agencies, school personnel, community organizations, parents and children and also worked on assessing children and adults for medical, psychological, and human service issues. Karen was the first police officer co-located to the Children's Advocacy Center where she helped develop interview protocols and assist in the development of the Children's Advocacy Center for the District of Columbia. During this time Karen was in charge of conducting adolescent forensic interviews and being a liaison for the Metropolitan Police Department and DC Public School Officials.

Currently, Karen works for the United States Attorney's Office in the Victim Witness Assistance Unit as a Child Interview Specialist/Advocate. Her responsibilities include forensic interviewing and assessment of children from two to seventeen years old and adults with special needs, who are alleged to be victims of or who have witnessed a crime; assisting with the development of multi disciplinary interviewing protocols that are utilized by multiple agencies, including the Metropolitan Police Department, for child victim/witnesses; provide training to prosecutors and local government agencies in the areas of forensic interviewing, offender dynamics, family dynamics and child development; and participating and providing consultation in multi disciplinary case review sessions to assist law enforcement, prosecution, social service, and mental health professionals to determine appropriate forensic and clinical interventions to children who are victims/witnesses of a crime. She is also responsible for case management for the purpose of judicial prosecution; conducting the "Kids Court" program to prepare child victim/witnesses for their future judicial proceedings; and is a participant in "Project Lead," which is a criminal prevention and awareness agenda for fifth graders in the DC public School system.

Dee Halley

Correctional Program Specialist, National Institute of Corrections,
Administration Division: Special Projects,
320 First Street, NW,
Washington, D.C. 20534;
Phone: 800-995-6423, extension 40374; fax 202-307-3361;

Dee was involved in local corrections for 17 years through the Sheriff's Department in Boulder County, Colorado. During this time she served as a correctional officer, accreditation manager, transition coordinator, work release coordinator, and classification supervisor. From 1981 through 1986, Dee served as the NIC Area Resource Center Grant Coordinator. Working with the NIC Jails Division, she provided a number of training and consultant services in the areas of policy and procedures development, accreditation, staffing, legal issues, basic detention officer training, and jail planning and design.

In May of 1990, she began work as a Correctional Program Specialist for the NIC Jails Division. The majority of her work involved coordination of the Facility Development Program. This included: managing the Planning on New Institutions (PONI) and Jail Design Review programs, conducting reviews of proposed jail plans, and acting as the liaison to the American Institute of Architect's Committee on Architecture for Justice. While at the Jails Division she also coordinated technical assistance and training for agencies in the areas of accreditation, jail staffing, jail administration, and the Americans With Disabilities Act.

In August of 1994 Dee transferred to the NIC Academy Division. Her responsibilities included coordination and training delivery for training programs addressing planning of new institutions for juvenile facilities, managing change, evaluation strategies, inter personal communications, and correctional boot camp design and implementation. Dee has also administered technical assistance awards and served for four years as the Southern Region Coordinator for the Academy's Regionalization Project.

Her primary focus while at the Academy was correctional management and leadership training. This included coordination of the Correctional Leadership Development (CLD) and Management Development for the Future programs. To help enhance the delivery of these programs, she has been qualified to administer both the Benchmarks leadership assessment and Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Dee also managed the Correctional Core Competency Model project and began it's incorporation into the CLD program.

In March of 2002, Dee transferred to the NIC Special Projects Division. Her projects have included coordinating the Planning of New Institutions for Juvenile Facilities and Juvenile Transition and Activation Process programs, the Native American and Alaskan Technical Assistance Project (NAATAP), and the Staff Sexual Misconduct Initiative. In late 2003 she was assigned to coordinate the Institute=s activities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA).

Ronald Keith Reid

Detective Ronald K. Reid is an 18 year sworn law enforcement veteran currently serving for the Metropolitan Police Department in Washington, D.C. He serves as a detective in the Sex Offender Registry Unit. In addition he served as an adjunct faculty member at the Maurice T. Turner Institute of Police Science in Washington, D.C. as well as a training consultant with the National Institute of Corrections (NIC).

Prior to serving in the Sex Offender Registry, Detective Reid spent 10 years with the Sex Offense Branch, where he was the lead or assisting investigator in hundreds of cases involving the sexual abuse of adults and children. These are some of the most difficult cases handled by MPD. They often involve traumatized victims and witnesses who have been sexually abused by family members or friends. Other cases have involved serial rapists and child molesters who would continue to terrorize the community until they were stopped. In particular, Detective Reid has developed an expertise in gathering and assessing forensic and medical evidence in sexual abuse cases. Detective Reid has extensive training in interviewing techniques for child victims and has worked closely with the Child Advocacy Center, which is the entry point for many child sexual abuse victims. He also has significant training in the interrogation of suspects and has obtained confessions in many sexual abuse and violent crime cases.

While working as a detective for the Metropolitan Police Department, Detective Reid has provided training in the field of Sexual Abuse to the D.C. Rape Crisis Center, D.C. Public Health Service, D.C. Public Schools, Community groups, and various organizations throughout the Metropolitan area. He has also lectured for various Law enforcement agencies in the field of Adult and Child Sexual abuse, Crime scene Management, and Interviewing Victims and Offenders. He also consulted in the organizing of the (80 hours) Sexual Assault Training Program at the Institute of Police Science in Washington, D.C. for detectives. Furthermore, he has designed and instructs a 4 hour First responder's course at the Maurice T Turner Institute of Police Science in Washington, D.C. In 2004, Detective Reid worked with Police Advocates to co-produce a training video designed for law enforcement first responders, titled First Responder Video for Sexual Assault. In 2003, detective Reid received his instructor certification from The Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commission.

Moreover, Detective Reid has represented Metropolitan Police Department on many multidisciplinary working groups and task forces to ensure that the police department was appropriately represented and that their policies were made an integral part of the group's efforts. As an example, he represented MPD in developing the Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) Program at Howard University Hospital, which provides a safe, forensically sound medical facility to examine sexual assault victims and gather evidence. Also, he participated on the Derek McGinty Talk Radio show in 1997 discussing sexual assaults in the District of Columbia. Not only has he become an efficient trainer, he has received numerous commendations and awards for his expertise in this field. Detective Reid is proud to be the recipient of the Department of Justice Award for his work with the victim of an extremely violent rapist who was brought to justice as well as an award from the Department of Justice for his work with victims of sexual assault.

He and his wife, Grisel, have been married for ten years and have one child, Naomi, a dog Max and a big fluffy cat, Flash.

American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children.

Brenda V. Smith

Brenda V. Smith is a Professor at the Washington College of Law at American University where she co-teaches in the Community Economic Development Law Clinic. Professor Smith is also the Project Director for the United States Department of Justice, National Institute of Corrections Cooperative Agreement on Addressing Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders. In November, 2003, Prof. Smith was appointed to the National Prison Rape Elimination Commission by the United States House of Representatives Minority Leader, Nancy Pelosi (D. CA). Prior to her faculty appointment at the Washington College of Law, Prof. Smith was the Senior Counsel for Economic Security at the National Women's Law Center and Director of the Center's Women in Prison Project and Child and Family Support Project. Prof. Smith is a 1984 graduate of Georgetown University Law Center, and a magna cum laude graduate of Spelman College in 1980.

Prof. Smith is an expert on issues affecting women in prison and has published and spoken widely on those issues. Recent publications include: Battering, Forgiveness and Redemption: Exploring Alternative Models for Addressing Domestic Violence in Communities of Color, in DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AT THE MARGINS : READINGS ON RACE, CLASS, GENDER, AND CULTURE (Rutgers University Press, 2004); Watching You, Watching Me, 15 Yale Journal of Law and Feminism 225 ( 2003); Battering, Forgiveness and Redemption, 11 American University Journal of Gender Social Policy and the Law 921, Volume 2 (2003); An End to Silence: Prisoners' Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct, (2d Ed., Washington College of Law, 2002); ASexual Abuse Against Women in Prison,@ American Bar Association Criminal Justice Magazine, Vol. 16. No. 1, Spring, 2001; An End to Silence: Women Prisoners' Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct (National Women's Law Center: April, 1998); AIncarceration," in Women's Health Across the Lifespan: A Comprehensive Perspective (Lippincott: 1997); A Vision Beyond Survival: A Resource Guide for Incarcerated Women (National Women's Law Center: Fall, 1995); and Female Prisoners and AIDS: On the Margins of Public Health and Social Justice, 9 AIDS & Public Policy Journal 78 (Summer, 1994).

Prof. Smith has received numerous honors, including the prestigious Kellogg National Fellowship in 1993. Professor Smith was inducted into the D.C. Women's Hall of Fame in 1998 for her work on behalf of low-income women in the District of Columbia. Most recently, Professo Smith was awarded the Emalee C. Godsey Research Award for her article, Battering, Forgiveness and Redemption.

Melissa Turner

Melissa Turner is a clinical social worker with over fifteen years of clinical experience working with various populations. In Albany, New York, she began her professional career in an alternative sentencing program that advocated in the criminal courts for treatment oriented dispositions rather than incarceration. At the Washington VA Medical Center where she has worked for 11 years, Melissa has specialized in the psychosocial care and treatment of veterans with HIV/AIDS many of whom have a history of post traumatic stress disorder, sexual trauma, mental illness and addiction. As a private mental health consultant, Melissa has focused on women's issues and has facilitated psycho-educational groups for mandated clients in residential drug treatment. She is known for incorporating nontraditional expressive therapies such as meditation, aromatherapy, music, poetry, art and other techniques, into the traditional psychotherapeutic group setting. At Our Place, DC, an agency dedicated to assisting incarcerated women with reentering the community, Melissa is the clinical social work consultant and provides therapeutic intervention to formerly incarcerated women. Melissa received her Master of Social Work degree from the State University of New York at Albany, New York and lives in Washington, DC.

Ashbel T. (A.T.) Wall, II

A.T. Wall's career in Corrections began in 1976 as a line Probation officer. He served in the capacity of Assistant Director for the Rhode Island Department of Corrections from 1987 through 1999. Mr. Wall was appointed Director of the Department in 2000. He holds B.A. and J.D. degrees from Yale University.

Jaime M. Yarussi

Jaime Yarussi received a dual Bachelor's degree in Political Science and Justice in May of 2001 from American University's School of Public Affairs. In December of 2003, she completed American University's School of Public Affairs master's program in Justice Law and Society with a specialization in corrections and public policy.

Jaime started as Program Coordinator with the NIC Project at the Washington College of Law in January of 2004 and has helped to accomplish the near completion of a correctional officer handbook on addressing staff sexual misconduct and the completion of a core curriculum for the project. In addition she has overseen the organization of NIC training programs for staff sexual misconduct.

Jaime's on-hand correctional experience comes mainly from the completion of an internship with the Montgomery County Pre-Release Center during her master's program. She was involved with resident supervision, disciplinary hearings, recreational trip supervision, urinalysis collection and testing, as well as treatment and crisis intervention for offenders.

Jaime also devotes her spare time to the D.C. Rape Crisis Center where she is a counselor for rape and incest survivors through the crisis center's hotline which is for men and women, children, gay, lesbian, and trans-gendered members of the community. She is also a counselor for rape victims through the crisis center's S.A.N.E. Program which offers counseling and advice during the hospital visit (where evidence is collected) and through police interviews as well as the legal and court process for a rape victim.

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