This week’s consideration of an implementation plan for a medicines patent pool by the board of oversight body UNITAID stirred a stream of stakeholder letters from around the world. UNITAID, a drug purchasing facility, is in the process of implementing a patent pool for HIV/AIDS medicines, aimed at bringing lower priced needed medicines to developing countries.
State and DC Legislators Write Senate on Health Reform - Protest Data Exclusivity Provisions for Biogenerics
National Legislative Association on Prescription Drug Prices sent a letter to Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid urging that he amend the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to more directly and effectively lower the cost of pharmaceuticals. The letter included criticism of the biogeneric provisions that would allow brand name firms to use consecutive 12 year periods of data exclusivity to block generic entry.
USTR’s annual Special 301 Report identifies countries viewed as denying sufficient intellectual property protection to US companies. If a country is listed as a “priority foreign country” in the report, USTR may initiate a formal investigation of the country within 30 days – the first step in the process of imposing bilateral trade sanctions against a country.
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Access to Medicine Legal Education Initiative
September 21-22, Kiev Ukraine. Participants were drawn from nations undertaking or seriously considering Free Trade Agreement (FTA) negotiations with western nations, or acceding to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
September 14-18, Kiev, Ukriaine. PIJIP, OSI and the Kyiv-Mohyla Academyhosted a training to show advocates from Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States how intellectual property flexibilities permitted by international law can be used to promote access to affordable generic medicines.
2009 Statement of Participants from SADC Parliamentary Training|
May 12-14, Pretoria, South Africa. A three-day workshop for Parliamentarians from SADC nations was organized by PIJIP, the University of Pretoria, UNDP and OSI. Participants from thirteen countries attended, and issued a joint statement on IP, trade and health.
African Commission on Human and People's Rights Resolution on Access to Health and Needed Medicines in Africa|
The 44th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights in Abuja, Nigeria has adopted the Resolution on the Right to Health and Access to Needed Medicines in Africa. The resolution was based on the NGO statement produced by clinical students after the previous Access to Medicine Short Course in Pretoria.
| 2008 NGO Resolution on Access to Needed Medicines
Pretoria and WCL students worked with groups fighting HIV/AIDS on the continent to prepare a resolution calling on the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights to recognize human rights to access needed medicines. It specifically calls on the Commission to take “full advantage of all flexibilities in the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property that promote access to affordable medicines.”
| Human Rights and Access to Medicines Short Course, University of Pretoria, 2008|
May, 2008. The short course was planned and taught by seven professors and practitioners from six countries. The 46 participants in the course included LLM students from 21 countries, government officials, academics, parliamentarians and activists.
PIJIP and Pretoria students have created the Clinical Group on Access to Medicine in Africa. They have compiled a large bibliography materials, and have written a white paper, and have worked with African civil society groups to draft a submission to the Commission for its November meeting in Abuja, Nigeria.
The Human Rights and Access to Medicine Legal Education Initiative has compiled a large amount of resources covering the intersecting areas of intellectual property, human rights obligations, and access to medicines. This page is an ongoing compilation of these materials, including treaties, laws, journal articles, and more.