What is Impact Litigation
The Impact litigation is the way to achieve legal, social and policy change in the domestic and international field. These changes are possible through the development of strategies of litigation related to an issue in human rights, formulating demands before the international tribunals, using the existing human rights' tools of accountability.
WCL has a longstanding experience in litigating human rights cases. Law school faculty, staff and students have participated in cases involving a broad range of issues, including the protection of children's rights, communal property of indigenous populations, freedom of expression and due process of law.
Members of the ILP's Advisory Board have been actively involved in impact litigation cases. These cases have enhanced, and strengthened the Inter-American legal framework, as well as the domestic approaches to it within the hemisphere. For example:
In Velásquez Rodriguez case, for the first time, an international tribunal recognized that forced disappearances constitute a violation of human rights. The Awas Tingn case was the first case regarding the rights of indigenous people before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights."The decision established an international legal precedent for the indigenous people, establishing that countries have an affirmative obligation under international law to recognize and protect the rights of indigenous peoples to their traditional lands."