|M. CHERIF BASSIOUNI||THOMAS BUERGENTHAL||ANTÔNIO CANÇADO TRINDADE|
Robert K. Goldman is Professor of Law and Louis C. James Scholar at American University's Washington College of Law, where he has taught since 1971. Professor Goldman is also Co-Director of the Law School's Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law and Faculty Director of the War Crimes Research Office. He was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights from 1996 to 2003 and its President from March 1999 to March 2000. From July 2004 to August 2005, he was the U.N. Human Rights Commission's Independent Expert on the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms while Countering Terrorism. Professor Goldman teaches and publishes on subjects relating to International Law, Human Rights Law and International Humanitarian Law. He is co-author, with Claudio Grossman, Claudia Martin and Diego Rodriquez, of The International Dimension of Human Rights: A Guide For Application in Domestic Courts (2002).
Victor Abramovich is currently the director of the masters program at the Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina. He has served as the Second Vice-president of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission (IAHRC) and was previously Commissioner and the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women for the IAHRC. Prior to his work with the IAHRC, he was the Executive Director of Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), a consultant for the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, a consultant of the Inter-American Development Bank, legal advisor of the Ombudsman office of Buenos Aires and he has worked with the U.N. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee. Abramovich instructs the Human Rights course and directs the Human Rights Law Clinic at the University of Buenos Aires, and teaches at Universidad Nacional de Lanús, Argentina. Abramovich received his Juris Doctor from the University of Buenos Aires and his LLM from American University. He has written a number of articles, books and law reviews regarding human rights and the impact of litigation on economic, social and cultural rights.
Gudmundur Alfredsson is an Icelandic lawyer (M.C.J. - NYU ’76, S.J.D. - Harvard Law School ‘82). He is Professor in the Polar Law Master Program at the University of Akureyri, Invited Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Strasbourg, Visiting Profesor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI) in Lund, and Visiting Professor at the China University of Political Science and Law in Beijing. He was Law Professor at Lund University (1995-2008), Director of the RWI (1995-2006), staff member with the UN Secretariat in New York and Geneva (1983-95), Chairman of the UN Working Group on Minorities (2006), and a member of the UN Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (2004-06). He was an expert member nominated by the Greenlandic Government on the Danish-Greenlandic Self-Governance Commission (2004-08). He is Editor-in-Chief of the Yearbook of Polar Law (with Timo Koivurova) and of the International Journal on Minority and Group Rights. He has edited several books and is the author of more than 200 scholarly articles in books, journals, and reports for global and regional organizations.
Philip Alston is John Norton Pomeroy Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Human Rights and Global Justice, at New York University Law School. He is currently Special Rapporteur of the UN Commission on Human Rights on the subject of Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions as well as Special Advisor to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Millennium Development Goals. He chaired the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights from 1991 to 1998 and played an active role as an Independent Expert appointed by the UN Secretary-General to report on measures to ensure the long-term effectiveness of the UN human rights treaty bodies. He was the sole Legal Adviser to UNICEF throughout the period of the drafting of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, and was an expert adviser in the preparation of the Machel Report on children in armed conflict. He and John Tobin are worded on a comprehensive Commentary on the Convention on the Rights of the Child, published in 2007 by Oxford University Press. He is also President of the Board of Directors of the Center for Economic and Social Right and Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of International Law.
Hernert and Rose Rubin Professor of International Law at New York University School of Law, Alvarez is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and was an attorney adviser at the U.S. Department of State. He received his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1981 and practiced law at D.C. firm and at the State Department.
Elizabeth Andersen is the Executive Director and Executive Vice President of the American Society of International Law. She has also served as the Executive Director of the American Bar Association's Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative, where she had worked since 2003. Previously, Andersen was the Executive Director of Human Rights Watch's Europe and Central Asia Division, where she had also worked as a researcher and director of advocacy for eight years. Before joining Human Rights Watch, she served as Legal Assistant to Judge Georges Abi-Saab of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and as a law clerk to Judge Kimba M. Wood of the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of New York. Ms. Anderson is a graduate of Yale Law School, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and Williams College.
M. Cherif Bassiouni is a Distinguished Research Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law and President of the International Human Rights Law Institute. He is also President of the International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences in Siracusa, Italy, as well as the Honorary President of the International Association of Penal Law (President 1989-2004), based in Paris, France. In 1999, Professor Bassiouni was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work in the field of international criminal justice and for his contribution to the creation of the International Criminal Court. . He has received several honor medals from various countries' governments. He has also received numerous academic and civic awards, including the Special Award of the Council of Europe (1990); the Defender of Democracy Award, Parliamentarians for Global Action (1998) The Adlai Stevenson Award of the United Nations Association (1993); and the Saint Vincent DePaul Humanitarian Award (2000).Professor Bassiouni is author of 27 and editor of 44 books. He is also author of 217 articles on a wide range of legal issues, including international criminal law, comparative criminal law, and international human rights law.
Thomas Buergenthal grew up in the Jewish ghetto of Kielce (Poland) and later in the concentration camps at Auschwitz and Sachsenhausen. On December 4, 1951, he emigrated from Germany to the United States. He studied at Bethany College in West Virginia (graduated 1957), and received his J.D. at New York University Law School in 1960, and his LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees in international law from Harvard Law School. Buergenthal is a specialist in international law and human rights law. Since 2000, he has sat as a judge on the International Court of Justice at The Hague. Prior to this appointment, he was Lobingier Professor of International and Comparative Law and Jurisprudence at The George Washington University Law School and has held numerous prestigious academic positions. He has served as a judge for many years, including lengthy periods on various specialized international organization bodies. Between 1979 and 1991, he served as a judge of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, including a stint as that court's president; from 1989 to 1994, he was a judge on the Inter-American Development Bank's Administrative Tribunal; in 1992 and 1993, he served on the United Nations Truth Commission for El Salvador; and from 1995 to 1999, he was a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. Buergenthal is the author of more than a dozen books and a large number of articles on international law, human rights and comparative law subjects.
Antônio Cançado Trindade is a Judge with the International Court of Justice (Brazil). Previously, he worked with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights as Judge ad hoc, Judge, Vice-President, and President. He was also the Executive Director of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights for several years, where he had been a Member of the Board of Directors and the External Legal Adviser. He has been an Adviser of UNDP and UNEP for special projects as well as a Legal Adviser to the Council of Europe. Judge Cançado is a Member of several Commissions and, until 2008, was Arbitrator for the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes. He has held a significant role representing Brazil in many international human rights meetings, regional and world conferences including those of the United Nations and the Organization of American States. He is also in a leadership position for several journals of international law. Judge Cançado received his PhD and his LL.M. in International Law from the University Of Cambridge and his LL.B. from Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Rebecca Cook is a Professor of Law and Faculty Chair in International Human Rights at the Toronto Faculty of Law, where she also serves as a Co-Director for the International Program on Reproductive and Sexual Health Law. She is Ethical and Legal Issues Co-editor of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, and a member of the editorial Board of the Human Rights Quarterly. Her publications include over one hundred and fifty books, articles and reports in the areas of international human rights, women's health, and feminist ethics law. Ms Cook has earned a number of academic degrees including A.B. (Barnard College), M.A. (Tufts U.), M.P.A. (Harvard U.), J.D. (Georgetown U.), and J.S.D. (Columbia U.).
Asbjørn Eide is a Professor Emeritus, founder, and former director of the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, at the University of Oslo. He was previously the Secretary-General of the International Peace Research Association in Oslo. He has been a member of the United Nations (UN) Sub-commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, and since 1995, he has served as chair of the UN Working Group on the Rights of Minorities. As special rapporteur for several UN studies he focused on topics including conscientious objection as a human right, food as a human right, the new international economic order and the promotion of human rights, and the rights of minorities and indigenous peoples. From 1988 to 1989, he was chairman of the Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery. In addition, he has published extensively on human rights issues.
Felipe González Morales is the President and the Rapporteur on Migrant Workers and their families at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. He is also a Professor of International Law and Constitutional Law at Diego Portales University in Santiago, Chile and was the Founder and Director of the Human Rights Center there. He is also the founder and former Director of a Latin American Network of Human Rights Legal Clinics. Professor González played a leading role in the creation of a system of consultative status for NGOs at the Organization of American States. He was the former Legal Officer and Representative for Latin America with Global Rights in Washington, DC. He has been a visiting professor at many universities throughout the Americas and in Europe. Mr. González holds an LL.M. in International Law from American University and a Master in Advanced Human Rights Studies from University Carlos III in Madrid, Spain. He is the co-author of “Protección Democrática de la Seguridad Interior,” among other publications.
Christof Heyns is the UN Special Rapporteur on Disappearances, as well as Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria and the former Director of the Centre for Human Rights. Mr. Heyns teaches on a regular basis in the human rights programmes at Oxford and at the American University Washington College of Law. He has served as a consultant of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Organization of African Unity/African Union and the South African Human Rights Commission. Mr. Heyns is the founding editor of the African Human Rights Law Reports and founding co-editor of the African Human Rights Law Journal. He serves on editorial boards of international journals based in the UK, The Netherlands, Uganda, Brazil and Costa Rica. His academic degrees include PhD (University of the Witwatersrand); LLM (Yale Law School), MA in Philosophy, LLB (University of Pretoria). He was awarded a Fulbright and Alexander von Humboldt Fellowship as well as the University of Pretoria’s Chancellor’s Award for Teaching.
Ernesto de la Jara is director of the Review ‘IDEELE’ and of the Project ‘Justicia Viva’ of the Institute for Legal Defense (IDL), Lima, Peru
Professor Sarah Joseph is the Director for the Castan Centre for Human Rights Law. Her teaching and research interests are in International Human Rights Law and Constitutional Law.She has published a number of books including Corporations and Transnational Human Rights Litigation (Hart 2004), co-authoring The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: Cases, Commentary and Materials (OUP, 2nd ed., 2004), Federal Constitutional Law: a contemporary view (Thompson, 2nd ed., 2006), and A Handbook on the Individual Complaints Procedures of the UN (OMCT, 2006).She was a lead investigator on an ARC linkage project on Multinational Corporations and Human Rights (2002-4), and is the lead investigator on a Discovery project on the WTO and Human Rights. In 2006 she was appointed as a member of the Advisory Board to the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, American University, Washington DC. Since 2005 she has been a member of the International Advisory Committee for the Establishment of a new Law School in New Delhi, India. Sarah has also conducted numerous professional human rights training courses for overseas and Australian Government officials. Areas of expertise include Human rights, International humanitarian law, and Constitutional law.
May is a Judge at Inter-American Court on Human Rights, San Jose, Costa Rica. Attorney at Law and Mediator in Jamaica, May is Law Tutor of the Law of Trust at North Western Polytechnic, London. She published several articles and she is a weekly columnist in the Jamaica Observer and the Sunday Herald on social issues, legal issues and human rights.
Fernando Mariño Menéndez is member of the Committee against Torture of the United Nations, where he was elected president for the period between 2003 and 2005. He is also a professor of Public International Law at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain; and Director of “Francisco de Vitoria” Institute of International and European Studies there. Professor Mariño Menéndez was a Jean Monnet Lecturer of European Law assigned by the European Commission and a visiting professor at several Latin-American and European universities, such as University for Peace of UN (1991), Oxford University (2005), and University Pantheon-Sorbonne of Paris (2006). He has also been President of the Association for Human Rights of Spain (1999-2002). In addition, he has advised on more than twenty doctoral theses in Public International Law and Law of the European Union and has published several books, such as: "Nociones de Derecho Internacional Público"; "Derecho Internacional Público. Parte general" and "Protección Internacional de las minorías" as well as papers and articles concerning International Public Law, International Law of Human Rights, and European Law.
Elisa Massimino was named President and Chief Executive Officer of Human Rights First in September 2008. Massimino joined Human Rights First as a staff attorney in 1991 to help establish the Washington office. From 1997 to 2008 she served as the organization’s Washington Director. Previously, Massimino was a litigator in private practice at the Washington law firm of Hogan & Hartson, where she was pro bono counsel in many human rights cases. Before joining the legal profession, she taught philosophy at several universities in Michigan.
Massimino has a distinguished record of human rights advocacy in Washington. As a national authority on human rights law and policy, she has testified before Congress dozens of times and writes frequently for mainstream publications and specialized journals. In May 2008, the influential Washington newspaper The Hill named her one of the top 20 public advocates in the country.
The daughter of a nuclear submarine commander, Massimino was instrumental in the organization’s recent effort to assemble a group of retired generals and admirals to speak out publicly against policies authorizing the torture of prisoners in U.S. custody. This coalition of military leaders has played a pivotal role in the effort to restore compliance with the Geneva Conventions standard for treatment of prisoners.
Massimino holds a law degree from the University of Michigan where she was an editor of the Journal of Law Reform. She holds a Master of Arts in philosophy from Johns Hopkins University, and is a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Trinity University in San Antonio, Texas. Massimino serves as an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law Center, where she teaches human rights advocacy, and has taught international human rights law at the University of Virginia and refugee law at the George Washington University School of Law. She is a member of the bar of the United States Supreme Court.
Juan E. Méndez is a Visiting Professor of Law at the American University – Washington College of Law, and an advisor on crime prevention to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. He is also Co-Chair of the Human Rights Institute of the International Bar Association. Until May 2009, he was the President of the International Center for Transnational Justice (ICTJ) and in the summer of 2009 he was a Scholar-in-Residence at the Ford Foundation in New York. Concurrent with his duties at ICTJ, the Honorable Kofi Annan named Mr. Méndez his Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, a task he performed from 2004 to 2007. A native of Argentina, Mr. Méndez has dedicated his legal career to the defense of human rights and has a long and distinguished record of advocacy throughout the Americas. In 1994, he became general counsel of Human Rights Watch, with worldwide duties in support of the organization’s mission, including responsibility for litigation and standard setting activities. From 1996 to 1999, Mr. Méndez was the Executive Director of the Inter American Institute of Human Rights in Costa Rica, and between October 1999 and May 2004 he was Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Civil and Human Rights at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. Between 2000 and 2003 he was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights of the Organization of American States, and served as its President in 2002.
Manfred Nowak is Professor of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Vienna, and Director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights. Manfred Nowak was the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture from 2004-2010. Nowak’s other work with the UN includes serving as a member of the Austrian delegation to the UN Commission on Human Rights and contributing to UN initiatives as an expert member in several capacities. Nowak has been a judge, with one year as vice president, of the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina; Chairperson of the European Master Programme on Human Rights and Democratization in Venice; Director of the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights at the University of Utrecht; and was the 2002-2003 Olof Palme Visiting Professor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the University of Lund. In 1994, he was awarded a UNESCO prize for the teaching of human rights. Nowak holds an LL.M. from Columbia University in New York and a PhD from Vienna University. He has published more than 350 books and articles in the fields of human rights, public law and politics.
Sir Nigel Rodley acted as the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture from 1993 to 2001 and is currently a member of the UN Human Rights Committee. He is also a Commissioner of the International Commission of Jurists. He has worked at UN Headquarters in New York and was founding head of the legal office at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International. Professor Rodley has taught human rights and international law at the University of Essex since 1990. He has also taught at Dalhousie University, the Graduate Faculty of the New School for Social Research (New York), and at the London School of Economics. He has published widely in the field of international law and organization, especially on human rights issues, focusing more recently on the treatment of prisoners and the prevention of torture. His works include The Treatment of Prisoners under International Law (1987, 1999); (ed.) To Loose the Bands of Wickedness - International Intervention in Defense of Human Rights (1992); (with J I Domniguez, B Wood and R A Falk) Enchancing Global Human Rights (1979); (co-ed with C N Ronning) International Law in the Western Hemisphere (1974); (co-ed with Y Danieli and L Weisaeth) International Responses to Traumatic Stress (1995). Professor Rodley was awarded a knighthood in 1998 in recognition of his services to human rights and international law. He is currently Chair of the Human Rights Centre.
Leo Zwaak is a Senior Researcher at the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM) and University Lecturer, Utrecht University. Professor Zwaak is currently involved in two projects: the Digest of Strasbourg Case-Law Relating to the European Convention on Human Rights and the Council of Europe and Gross and Systematic Violations of Human Rights in Europe: the Case of Turkey. The Digest project (in cooperation with Council of Europe, Directorate of Human Rights; Professor P. van Dijk, co-editor) is designed to meet the needs of all those who are required to be, or have an interest in becoming, familiar with the case-law of the organs of the European Convention on Human Rights. The present project is an up-date of a six-volume publication on the case-law of the European Commission and Court of Human Rights, covering the period from 1955 to 1996. The Digest is regularly updated. The second project addresses the question of whether the mechanisms under the European Convention on Human Rights will be effective in case of gross and systematic violations of human rights. The case of Turkey shows that the present mechanism lacks effectiveness when dealing with gross violations. Professor Zwaak received his LLM from Utrecht University.