ESPAÑOL

2008 FACULTY Faculty From Previous Years

 

ELIZABETH
ABI-MERSHED

VICTOR
ABRAMOVICH

 

ELIZABETH
ANDERSEN

FEDERICO
ANDREU-GUZMAN

CARLOS
AYALA CORAO

LUISA
CABAL


ANTONIO CANCADO TRINDADE

SANTIAGO
CANTON

DOUGLASS
CASSEL

REBECCA
COOK

LARRY GARBER

FELIPE
GONZALEZ

JONAS
GRIMHEDEN


CLAUDIO
GROSSMAN

FABRICIO
GUARIGLIA

CHRISTOF
HEYNS

VIVIANA
KRSTICEVIC

SCOTT
LECKIE

FERNANDO MARIÑO MENENDEZ

CLAUDIA
MARTIN


JUAN
MENDEZ

MANFRED
NOWAK

MARTIN
SCHEININ

DIEGO RODRIGUEZ
PINZON

RODRIGO
UPRIMNY


ALEJANDRO
VALENCIA VILLA

FRIED VAN HOOF

PATRICK
VAN WEERELT

 

 

LEO
ZWAAK

 

  ELIZABETH ABI-MERSHED COURSE: Women and International Human Rights Law, (English)


Elizabeth Abi-Mershed is a Principal Human Rights Specialist for the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR). As an attorney with the IACHR Secretariat, she analyzes incoming petitions, manages a docket of pending cases, drafts case reports, coordinates on site visits and drafts corresponding country reports, and participates in the litigation of cases before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Her practice also includes providing technical support to the IACHR's rapporteurship on the rights of women, and participating in initiatives concerning standard-setting and implementation. In relation to her work on gender issues, she has published "The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights: Prospects for the Inter-American Human Rights System to Protect and Promote the Human Rights of Women," in Women and International Human Rights Law (Transnational Publishers; Kelly Askin and Dorean Koenig eds. 2000). She received her Juris Doctor from the Washington College of Law, and holds a Masters in Law in International and Comparative Law from the Georgetown University Law Center.

 

VICTOR ABRAMOVICH, COURSE: Implementación de los Derechos Humanos en Derecho Interno, (Spanish)

Victor Abramovich is currently a member of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission and Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Women in the Organization of American States. He received his Juris Doctor degree with honors from Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA) and his Masters in Law from American University. He has been a visiting professor in the Universities of Valencia and Castilla-La Mancha and American University. He is an adjunct professor of the Human Rights course at the Law School of Universidad de Buenos Aires and teaches at the Universidad Nacional de Lanús.. He has been in charge of the Human Rights Law Clinic at UBA and served as a Executive Director of the Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales (CELS), one of the leading institutions engaged in the legal work on human rights in Latin America. In CELS, he litigated many cases in domestic courts and in the Inter-American system. He also worked on advocacy initiatives in the U.N. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Committee and litigated a case regarding the right to food in the World Bank Inspection Panel. He has also acted as a Legal Advisor of the Ombudsman Office of Buenos Aires and a consultant of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights. He also worked as a consultant for the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). He wrote a number of articles, books and law reviews concerning human rights, in particular the impact of litigation on the economic, social and cultural rights.

 

GUDMUNDUR ALFREDSSON

COURSE: United Nations Human Rights System, (English)

Gudmundur Alfredsson has a law degree from the University of Iceland (1975), an M.C.J.-degree from New York University School of Law (1976), and an S.J.D. from Harvard Law School (1982). He worked at the Office of Legal Affairs in New York (1983-85) and the Centre for Human Rights in Geneva (1985-95) at the United Nations. He is currently a professor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at Lund University in Sweden. In 2004, he was elected as an expert member of the United Nations Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, the editor of several books and the author of over one hundred articles on a variety of human rights and international law issues.

 

ELIZABETH ANDERSEN, COURSE: International Justice for Human Rights Violations, (English)

Elizabeth Andersen is an Executive Director and Executive Vice President of the American Society of International Law where she has first worked 1995. Most recently she has served as the Executive Director of the American Bar Association’s Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative where she has started to work in 2003. Earlier she has also served as the Executive Director of Human Rights Watch’s Europe and Central Asia Division, a Legal Assistant to Judge Georges Abi-Saab of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and as a law clerk to Judge Kimba M. Wood of the U.S. District Court of the Southern District of New York.

Andersen is a graduate of Yale Law School, the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and Williams College. Her area of expertise covers international humanitarian, human rights, and refugee law and she has authored a number of speeches and articles on those topics.

 

FEDERICO ANDREU-GUZMAN, COURSE: Impunidad y Justicia (Spanish)

Federico Andreu-Guzmán graduated from the School of Law at Universidad Externado de Colombia. He currently works as a Senior Legal Adviser of the Legal Affairs Department for the International Commission of Jurists. Before joining the Commission, he served as a Legal Advisor for America and Asia at Amnesty International. Additionally, he participated in the Mission of the United Nations in Rwanda and in the Mission of the Organization of American States in Haiti. He was also the Director of the International Office of Human Rights Accion para Colombia, as well as a Senior Legal Adviser for Latin America at the International Federation for Human Rights. He also significantly contributed to the successful initiative to create UN Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances. He has published and edited several articles in English, French and Spanish.

 

CARLOS AYALA, COURSE: Litigio y Activismo en Derechos Humanos

Dr. Carlos Ayala served as the Chairman of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and earlier he worked as the Rapporteur for Latin American Indigenous People Rights Matters. Dr. Ayala served as President of the Venezuelan Association of Constitutional Law and was bestowed the honour of President Honoris Causa in 1998, and is currently a member of the Board of the Latin American Institute of Constitutional Law and Director of the Andean Commission of Jurists. He is also a member of the Institute of Research of the State at Universidad de Belgrano, Argentina and of the Argentinean, Colombian and Peruvian Constitutional Law Associations. Currently he works a Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Universidad Catolica “Andres Bello”, where has been the Head of the Department of Constitutional Law at UCAB since 1992, and Universidad Central de Venezuela. Dr. Ayala has also lectured extensively at Georgetown University and the Washington College of Law, American University. He is the author of several publications on Constitutional Law and Human Rights.

 

LUISA CABAL

COURSE: Mujeres y el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Luisa Cabal serves as a Director of the International Legal Program at the Center for Reproductive Rights where she has also been coordinating international litigation and advocacy efforts in Africa, Asia, Europe, and Latin America, mostly before the UN Human Rights Committee and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. She has also published articles on the role of courts and litigation in advancing women’s rights.She co-founded a network of Latin American law professors who are integrating reproductive rights into law school curricula. Prior to joining the Center, Ms. Cabal worked for Gibson, Dunn, and Crutcher, LLP, and for the United Nations Development Program in Colombia. Ms. Cabal graduated from the Universidad de los Andes and received her LL.M. from the Columbia University School of Law.

 

ANTONIO CANÇADO TRINDADE, COURSE: Regional Approaches to Human Rights Law: Asia, Africa and the Americas, (English)

Antonio Cançado Trindade served as a judge and President of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. He obtained his Masters degree in International Law at Cambridge University (1973) and his PhD in International Law at Cambridge University, where he developed his 1978 York Prize awarded thesis "Developments in the Rule of Exhaustion of Local Remedies in International Law." He also worked as an executive director of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, legal adviser of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Brazil and acted as United Nations Expert and Lecturer at the United Nations' World Consultation on the Right to Development as a Human Right. He is a permanent professor of international law at the University of Brasilia as well as at the Diplomatic Academy Rio Branco of Brazil.He has received numerous academic as well as professional distinctions and he has published more than 360 studies as monographs, book chapters or as articles in renowned journals of international and human rights law throughout the world.

 

SANTIAGO CANTÓN, COURSE: Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Santiago Cantón is the Executive Secretary of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission, OAS where he previously worked as Special Rapporteur for Freedom of Expression He obtained a law degree at Universidad de Buenos Aires and an LLM degree at the Washington College of Law, American University. Previously he also worked as a director of the Public Information Office, and in 1994-1998 as a director for Latin America and the Caribbean of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. He also worked as a political assistant for former president Jimmy Carter at the Democratic Development Programs in the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua. He is an author of a number of articles on democratic development in Latin America.

 

DOUGLASS CASSEL, COURSE: International Justice for Human Rights Violations, (English)

Douglass Cassel is Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Civil and Human Rights at Notre Dame Law School. Prior to this, he had been Clinical Professor and Director for the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern University School of Law. Specializing in international human rights and international criminal law, he was the Executive Director of the International Human Rights Law Institute at DePaul University College of Law and of its Jeanne and Joseph Sullivan Program for Human Rights in the Americas from 1990 until 1998. He has also been a consultant to the UN, the OAS, the State Department, and the Ford Foundation. In 2000, Professor Cassel was elected to the board for the Justice Studies Center for the Americas, Santiago, Chile, serving most recently as its President. Since 2000, he has been the President of the Due Process of Law Foundation in Washington, D.C. He is a member of the Executive Council of ASIL, and a consultant to Transitional Justice. Coordinator for the Human Rights Program. From 1992 until 1993, he served as Legal Adviser to the United Nations Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, advising the commission, supervising its investigations, and acting as principle editor of its report. Professor Cassel earned a B.A. cum laude from Yale in 1969 and a J.D. cum laude from Harvard in 1972.

 

REBECCA COOK, COURSE: Women and International Human Rights Law, (English)

Rebecca Cook, is a Professor of Law and Faculty Chair in International Human Rights, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto where she also serves as a Co-Director, International Program on Reproductive and Sexual Health Law. She is Ethical and Legal Issues Co-editor of the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, and a member of the editorial Board of the Human Rights Quarterly. Her publications include over one hundred and fifty books, articles and reports in the areas of international human rights, and women's health and feminist ethics law. Ms Cook has earned holds a number of academic degrees including A.B. (Barnard University), M.A. (Tufts U.), M.P.A. (Harvard U.), J.D. (Georgetown U.), and J.S.D. (Columbia U.).

 

LARRY GARBER, COURSE: Election Observation and the Right to Political Participation, (English)

Larry Garber is currently a CEO/Executive Director of the New Israel Fund, which seeks to strengthen Israel’s democracy by conducting programs focusing on human rights and supporbridge social and economic gaps, foster tolerance for all inhabitants, and enable different forms of religious practice to thrive. He previously served as a senior policymaker with United States Agency for International Development (USAID), including serving as a Director of USAID’s West Bank and Gaza Mission from 1999-2004. Between 1982 and 1993, Garber worked with the National Democratic Institute, the International Human Rights Law Group, and Steptoe and Johnson law firm. He has served as a consultant on election-related matters for the Organization of American States, United Nations, and Organization of Security and Cooperation in Europe. He has written extensively on issues relating to human rights, democratization, election monitoring, and Palestinian political and economic development. He received a joint master’s degree in international affairs and a law from Columbia University in 1980.

 

FELIPE GONZÁLEZ, COURSE: Implementación de los Derechos Humanos en Derecho Interno, (Spanish)

Felipe González is a Director of the Human Rights Program of Universidad Diego Portales, where he is also a Professor of International Human Rights Law and Constitutional Law. Between 1991 and 2003, he was in charge of the International Human Rights Law Group litigating cases before the Inter-American Human Rights system and within the United Nations where he also took a part in the preparation of several international instruments. He is the author of a number of publications. He obtained his LL.M. at American University in 1991 and he has been professor of the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law since 2001. He has also been Tinker Visiting Professor at the University of Wisconsin and Visiting Professor of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid,  the University of Deusto and the Univesidad de Alcalá de Henares. In 2004 he was awarded the Peter Cicchino Prize for Outstanding Advocacy in the Public Interest by American University.

 

  JONAS GRIMHEDEN, COURSE: Regional Approaches to Human Rights Law: Asia, Africa and the Americas, (English)
 

CLAUDIO GROSSMAN, COURSE: Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Claudio Grossman is Professor of Law and Dean of American University, Washington College of Law, and the Raymond Geraldson Scholar of International and Humanitarian Law. Dean Grossman is currently First Vice President of the IACHR and the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Populations. Dean Grossman has previously served as the General Rapporteur of the Inter-American Bar Association, and is currently a member of the Council of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights. In 1993, Dean Grossman was elected to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights where he was elected a President for a one-year term in 1996. Dean Grossman has received numerous awards for his work in human rights and international law, including the Rene Cassin Award from B'nai B'rith International in Chile and the Harry LeRoy Jones Award from the Washington Foreign Law Society. In October 2000, Dean Grossman was named Outstanding Dean of the Year by the National Association of Public Interest Law.

  FABRICIO GUARIGLIA, COURSE: Impunidad y Justicia (Spanish)
 

CHRISTOF HEYNS, COURSE: Regional Approaches to Human Rights Law: Asia, Africa and the Americas, (English)

Christof Heyns is Dean of Faculty of Law, University of Pretoria and the former Director of the Centre for Human Rights. His academic degrees include PhD (University of the Witwatersrand); LLM (Yale University), MA in Philosophy, LLB (University of Pretoria) and he was awarded  Fulbright and Alexander von Humboldt Fellowships as well as the University of Pretoria’s Chancellor’s Award for Teaching.   He teaches on a regular basis in the human rights programmes at Oxford and the American University, Washington College of Law. He has served as a consultant of the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Organization of African Unity/African Union and the South African Human Rights Commission. He is founding editor of the African Human Rights Law Reports and founding co-editor of the African Human Rights Law Journal. He serves on editorial boards of international journals based in the UK, The Netherlands, Uganda, Brazil and Costa Rica.

   

VIVIANA KRSTICEVIC, COURSE: Litigio y Activismo en Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Viviana Krsticevic is the Executive Director of The Center for Justice and International Law, Washington Office. She graduated from the University Of Buenos Aires School Of Law, received a Masters degree in Latin American Studies from Stanford University and a Masters in Law degree from Harvard University. She has taught at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Stanford University.

 

 

SCOTT LECKIE, COURSE: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, (English)

Scott Leckie is an international human rights lawyer and leading advocate on housing rights issues. He has founded and worked for several organizations focusing on economic and social rights issues including Displacement Solutions, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to assisting refugees and displaced people, the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, the Oregon Green Party (now Pacific Greens) and the Housing Rights Committee of Habitat International Coalition. He has assisted in drafting international standards on housing rights issues and his publications include nine books and over 150 journal articles and reports. He has served as an advisor on housing rights issues to UN agencies, UN Special Rapporteurs, the World Bank and the Council of Europe. He has an LL.M. degree in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex and a B.A. degree in Political Science from the University of Oregon.

 

FERNANDO MARIÑO MENÉNDEZ, COURSE: Sistema de Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas, (Spanish)

Fernando Mariño Menéndez received his Doctor in Law degree from the University of Bolonia  where he graduated Suma Cum Laude with Extraordinary Award. He has lectured in International Public Law in the Universities of Cordoba and Zaragoza and  the Universidad Carlos II de Madrid. Since 2002 he is member of the Committee against Torture of the United Nations, where he was elected president for the period between 2003 and 2005. In 1994, he became the Director of the “Francisco de Vitoria” Institute of International and European Studies of the Universidad Carlos II de Madrid, and later, a Jean Monnet Lecturer of European Law, awarded by the European Commission. Between 1999 and 2002, he was elected president of the Association for Human Rights of Spain. He has published more than eighty, books, papers and articles concerning International Public Law, International Law of Human Rights, and European Law.

 

CLAUDIA MARTIN, COURSE: Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Claudia Martin is a professorial lecturer in residence and Co-Director of the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at American University Washington College of Law. She holds a law degree from the University of Buenos Aires, an LL.M. from American University Washington College of Law, and also completed graduate studies in international relations at a program sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina and the Government of Italy. She teaches and specializes in international law, international and comparative human rights law and inter-American human rights law. She serves as a member of the Editorial Board, Oxford Reports on International Law in Domestic Courts, Oxford University Press and Amsterdam Center for International Law; a member of the Advisory Board of the Human Rights Program, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico, the Advisory Board of the Impact Litigation Project, American University Washington College of Law, and a member of the Editorial Board, Revista Iberoamericana de Derechos Humanos, Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico. She also writes  on Inter-American Human Rights Law for the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights.

 

JUAN MENDEZ, COURSE: Impunidad y Justicia (Spanish)

Juan Méndez is currently the President of the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ). Prior this appointment, he worked at Human Rights Watch for 15 years, and in 1994 became general counsel in charge of  organization's litigation and standard-setting activities. From 1996 to 1999, Mr. Méndez was the executive director of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights From 1999 - 2004 he was a Professor of Law and director of the Center for Civil and Human Rights at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. Between 2000 and 2003 he was a member of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights where he also served as president in 2002. From 2004 - 2007, Mr. Méndez served as the United Nations special adviser on the prevention of genocide. He is a member of the boards of directors of the Center for Justice and International Law, Global Rights, and the Open Society Justice initiative. He is on the board of advisors of the Social Science Research Council's Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum, and the advisory council of the American Bar Association Center for Human Rights. He has taught International Human Rights Law at Georgetown Law School and at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and he teaches regularly at the Oxford Masters Program in International Human Rights Law.

 

MANFRED NOWAK, COURSE: United Nations Human Rights System, (English)

Manfred Nowak is a Professor of Constitutional Law and Human Rights at the University of Vienna and Director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights (BIM). Since 1996, he has served as Judge at the Human Rights Chamber for Bosnia and Herzegovina, and, since 2000, as Chairperson of the European Master Programme on Human Rights and Democratization in Venice. From 1987 to 1989, he was Director of the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights at the University of Utrecht, and from 2002 to 2003 Olaf Palme Visiting Professor at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the University of Lund.  He was a member of the Austrian delegation to the UN Commission on Human Rights and in 1993 he was appointed as an expert member of the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances. He also served as UN expert on missing persons in the former Yugoslavia, and in 2001 he was appointed UN expert on legal issues relating to the drafting of a binding instrument on enforced disappearances. In December 2004, he was appointed UN Special Rapporteur on Torture. In 1994, he was awarded a UNESCO prize for the teaching of human rights. He has published more than 350 books and articles in the fields of human rights, public law and politics. Prof. Nowak holds an LLM from Columbia University in New York and a PhD from Vienna University.

 

MARTIN SCHEININ, COURSE: Terrorism and Human Rights, (English)

Martin Scheinin received his Doctorate in Law from the University of Helsinki, Finland, in 1991. From 1993 to 1998 he was Associate Professor of Constitutional Law at University of Helsinki, before being appointed, in 1998, Armfelt Professor of Constitutional and International Law at the Åbo Akademi University. He leads the Finnish Graduate School in Human Rights Research, as well as the Nordic School of Human Rights Research.From1998 he has also served as Director of the Åbo Akademi University Institute for Human Rights. In 1997–2004 he was a member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee. In 2001–2004 he was the Committee's Special Rapporteur on New Communications under the Optional Protocol. In July 2005 he was appointed as UN Special Rapporteur on the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights while Countering Terrorism. This mandate continues under the newly established Human Rights Council.

 

DIEGO RODRÍGUEZ-PINZÓN, COURSE: Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, (Spanish)

Diego Rodriguez-Pinzon is a Professorial Lecturer in Residence and Co-Director of the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at American University, Washington College of Law (WCL). He holds a LL.M. degree from WCL and an SJD degree from George Washington University Law School. He teaches courses in the fields of international law and human rights law. He was recently appointed Ad Hoc Judge to sit in the Inter-American Court on Human Rights of the Organization of American States. He also works as a correspondent for the British periodical Butterworths Human Rights Cases where he covers the Americas and  reports on the inter-American system for the Netherlands Human Rights Quarterly. He has served as international legal consultant for international organizations and agencies including the Inter-American Development Bank  and the Organization of American States.

   
   
 

RODRIGO UPRIMNY, COURSE: Implementacion de los Derechos Humanos en Dercho Interno, (Spanish)

Rodrigo Uprimy has been a Professor of Law school and Director of the Master’s Program in Law of Universidad Nacional. Between 1994 and 2004 he was Auxiliary Judge and occasionally Judge of the Constitutional Court. He is a Director of the Centro de Estudios de Derechos para Justicia y Sociedad. He has published articles regarding constitutional law, democracy, justice administration, conflict resolutions and human rights. He holds Ph.D. in Political Economy at the University of Amiens Picardie, DSU in Sociology of Law at the University of Paris II, and also DEA in Social Economy of Development at the University of Paris I. He has published  numerous articles on human rights, constitutional law, tensions between law and economics, drug trafficking, and the courts.

 

ALEJANDRO VALENCIA VILLA, COURSE: Derecho Internacional Humanitario, (Spanish)

Alejandro Valencia Villa is a Colombian lawyer dedicated to the promotion and defense of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. He is currently an advisor for the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in Colombia.  He has conducted research in humanitarian law for the Center of International Studies of the Universidad de los Andes in Colombia where he also taught Human Rights in this institution. He was a lawyer of the Colombian Section (today known as the Colombian Commission of Jurists) of the Andean Commission of Jurists and of the Center for Justice and International Law in Washington D.C. He was the first National Director of the office in charge of receiving and processing complaints at the Public Defenders Office in Colombia and he was in charge of the special research team for the Truth Commission in Guatemala. He also worked as an advisor to the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights and the Reconciliation and Truth Commission in Peru, among others. His scholarship includes various books and articles about Human Rights and Humanitarian Law.

    FRIED VAN HOOF , COURSE: United Nations Human Rights System, (English)
 

PATRICK VAN WEERELT, COURSE: Human Rights and Development, (English)

Patrick van Weerelt is the Human Rights Adviser in the Democratic Governance Group of the Bureau for Development Policy in United Nations Development Program (UNDP), New York. He obtained his LL.M degree from Maastricht University, and a Master of International Law degree from the University of Lund/Raoul Wallenberg Institute for Human rights and Humanitarian Law, Sweden. Prior to joining UNDP in 1998, where he also worked in South Africa and Geneva, Mr. van Weerelt worked for the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Law Faculty of the University of Maastricht.

 

LEO ZWAAK

COURSE: European Human Rights Law, (English)

Leo Zwaak is a Senior Researcher and Senior Lecturer at the Utrecht University and the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights where he is also the Course Coordinator of the LL.M.. He is also Partner and visiting professor in the Masters program on Human Rights and Democratization at the University of Malta and Partner and visiting professor at the Academy of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law of the Washington College of Law, American University. Professor Zwaak has extensive international teaching experience and is the author of several major publications and numerous articles. He is currently involved in two major projects: the Digest of Strasbourg Case Law Relating to the European Convention on Human Rights and the Council of Europe and a project on Gross and Systematic Violations of Human Rights in Europe: the Case of Turkey. He also serves as Co-editor of the Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights and National Correspondent to the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe. He is a member of the Advisory Board, Kurdish Human Rights Project, London and a member of the Board of International Experts of the Center for International Human Rights, Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago.