Report on Sessions of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights

OEA/Ser.L/V/II.5
Doc. 40 (English)
February 18, 1963

Original: Spanish


INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

REPORT ON THE WORK ACCOMPLISHED

DURING ITS FIFTH SESSION

September 24 to October 26, 1962


PAN AMERICAN UNION

General Secretariat, Organization of American States

Washington, D. C.

January 1963


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Organization of the Fifth Session 4

Opening date and length of session 4

Members of the Commission and their participation in the session 5

Election of Officers

Sessions, Resolutions, and Documents 5

Secretariat 5

II. Agenda 6

III. The Secretary's report on the Fourth Session 7

IV. The Report of the Executive Secretary on the activities of the Secretariat between the Fourth and Fifth Sessions 8

Violations of human rights in the American countries 8

Report of the Subcommittee 8

The case of Haiti 9

The case of Nicaragua 13

The case of Cuba 18

The case of Paraguay 19

VI. Activities related to the general work program 19

Draft of the General Work Program submitted by the Subcommittee 19

Rules of procedure concerning the drafts and reports submitted by the rapporteurs 22

Preliminary draft convention on freedom of information, expression, and investigation 24

Second Part of the Report "The Relationship Between the Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy" presented by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer 25

Human Rights and the Right of Suffrage in America 25

Future work of the Commission in relation to the

General Work Program 26

VII. Other decisions and conclusions of the Commission 26

Broadening of the functions and powers of the Commission 27

Fellowship Program 27

National Committees on Human Rights 27

Visit to the Dominican Republic 27

Communications from the American Governments 28

Report to the Eleventh Inter-American Conference 28

Communication to the Chairman of the Council of the

Organization of American States 28

Date of the Sixth Session 28

Appendix, bibliography of documents 30

INTER- AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT ON THE WORK ACCOMPLISHED DURING ITS FIFTH SESSION

Washington, D.C. September 24, to October 26, 962 1.

I. ORGANIZATION OF THE FIFTH SESSION

A. Opening date and length of session

1. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights held its Fifth Session at its headquarters in the Pan American Union, Washington, D. C., from September 24 to October 26, 1962. The Subcommittee, which was created for the purpose of studying complaints or claims directed to the Commission and to make pertinent recommendations thereon, met a week previous, from September 17 to 21, 1962.

2. Professor Manuel Bianchi, Acting Chairman of the Commission, opened the Fifth Session on September 24. This opening session was at tended by Dr. José A. Mora, Secretary General of the Organization, Dr. William Sanders, Assistant Secretary General of the Organization, Dr. Francisco V. Garcia Amador, Director of the Department of Legal Affairs of the Pan American Union, and Dr. Charles G. Fenwick, Adviser to the General Secretariat.

3. After declaring the session open, Professor Bianchi first expressed regret at the absence of Mr. Romulo Gallegos, Chairman of the Commission, and then went on to speak of the agenda that the Commission had outlined for this new session. He stated his hope that the broadening of the powers of the Commission would be accomplished in the near future and cited, in this respect, the resolution approved during the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in January 1962, which recommended that this be done. He thanked the Secretary General of the Organization and the other officers present for attending the meeting, expressing his satisfaction with the work facilities provided to the Commission.

4. Dr. José A. Mora, Secretary General of the Organization, praised the Commission for its excellent performance and the fact that it had carried out its assignment with a minimum of powers. He mentioned the progress that had been made by the Organization in the field of human rights from the time of the Tenth Inter-American Conference, which was held in Caracas in 1954, to the present date and stated once again that the General Secretariat was prepared to provide the Commission with any services that might be necessary.

Members of the Commission and their participation in the session

5. The Commission is composed of the following members:

Name Nationality

Mrs. Angela Acuna de Chacon Costa Rica

Prof. Manuel Bianchi Gundian Chile

Dr. Gonzalo Escudero Ecuador

Dr. Gabino Fraga Mexico

Mr. Romulo Gallegos Venezuela

Dr. Reynaldo Galindo Pohl El Salvador

Dr. Durward V. Sandifer United States

All members, with the exception of Drs. Romulo Gallegos and Reynaldo Galindo Pohl, attended the Commission's session.

C. Election of Officers

6. At the third meeting, held on September 26, 1962, the Commission elected new officers, as the two year terms of Messrs. Romulo Gallegos and Manuel Bianchi, who had been elected chairman and vice chairman, respectively, had expired.

In accordance with its Statute, the Commission elected its new officers for a period of two years. The newly elected officers were:

Chairman: Professor Manuel Bianchi Gundian

Vice Chairman: Dr. Gabino Fraga

D. Sessions, Resolutions, and Documents

7. The Commission met twenty-four times during the Fifth Session. The Secretary kept the pertinent minutes of all meetings.

8. During this Session the Commission adopted two important resolutions, namely, the approval of the General Work Program, and the Rules of Procedure concerning Reports and Drafts of the Commission, both of which will be reported in detail in the appropriate section of this Report. The Commission also decided to distribute to the American governments the study presented by Prof. Manuel Bianchi entitled "Human Rights and the Right of Suffrage in America," and to request them to send data on the electoral laws of their respective countries.

9. The Commission's Secretariat prepared lists of communications or claims received prior to the opening of this Session and those that were received in the course of the Session. This list was compiled in chronological order and by countries, each communication being accompanied by a summary of its contents (Doc. 1-V-Rev.). The Secretariat also prepared the following documents: "Draft Convention on Freedom of Expression, Information, and Investigation," for which Dr. Gonzalo Escudero was rapporteur; the second part of the report "The Relationship Between the Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy," written by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer; and the previously mentioned study "Human Rights and the Right of Suffrage in America," prepared by Professor Manuel Bianchi, as well as the document containing the "Rules of Procedure Concerning Reports and Drafts of the Commission." The Secretariat also prepared a compilation of background material on the condition of human rights in Haiti and amplified the background material on the same subject with respect to Nicaragua. An appendix to this report lists, in numerical order, all the documents published by the Secretariat in relation to this session

Secretariat

10. During this Session, the Commission was provided with the technical and administrative services of its Secretariat, which is composed of Dr. Luis Reque, Executive Secretary, and Drs. Isidoro Zanotti, Manuel Velarde, Ronald Scheman and Guillermo Cabrera, the personnel of the Secretariat.

11. The Press Division of the Pan American Union provided public information services.

II. AGENDA

12. During the first meeting, held on September 24, the Commission approved the following agenda for the Fifth Session:

Election of the President and the Vice President of the Commission.

2. Report prepared by the Secretariat concerning the work accomplished by the Commission during its Fourth Session.

3. Report of the Executive Secretary concerning the activities of the Secretariat between the Fourth and Fifth Sessions of the Commission,

4. Report of the Subcommission regarding communications or claims received. Requests sent by the Commission to the governments for information regarding those communications or claims. Replies of the governments.

5. Violations of Human Rights in the American states.

a) The case of Cuba

b) Background concerning the situation of human rights in Haiti, Nicaragua, and Paraguay, prepared by the Secretariat.

c) Possible visits to Cuba, Haiti, Nicaragua and Paraguay.

6. Broadening of the functions and powers of the Commission.

7. General work program:

a) Methods of procedure regarding the drafts and reports submitted by the rapporteurs;

b) Draft convention concerning freedom of expression, information and investigation presented by Ambassador Gonzalo Escudero.

c) Second report concerning "The Relationship Between the Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy," presented by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer.

8. National Committees on Human Rights and Fellowship Program. Report of the Secretariat.

9. Communications to the governments.

10. Report to the Eleventh Inter-American Conference.

11. Date of the Sixth Session.

Other subjects.

III. THE SECRETARIAT'S REPORT ON THE FOURTH SESSION

13. At the second meeting, September 25, the Secretariat presented its report on the Fourth Session (Doc. 34-IV). This report summarizes all the work carried out between April 2 and 27, 1962, the Commission's action with respect to violations of human rights in some American countries, particularly Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Nicaragua, and Paraguay.

14. This Report also describes the work accomplished within the General Work Program, which included the "Draft Convention on Freedom of Expression, Information, and Investigation," prepared by Dr. Escudero; the study "Human Rights at the Level of School Children," by Mrs. Acuna de Chacon; "Human Rights and Peace," prepared by Dr. Manuel Bianchi, and the first part of the study "Relationship Between the Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy," by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer. This report also included the decisions of the Commission with respect to the establishment of the National Committees on Human Rights and the creation of a fellowship program in the field of human rights.

IV. THE REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE SECRETARY ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE SECRETARIAT BETWEEN THE FOURTH AND FIFTH SESSIONS

15. At the second meeting, the Executive Secretary presented his Report on the work accomplished between the Fourth and Fifth Sessions (Doc. 5-V). This report describes the action taken on communications or claims received during this period; the preparation of three background documents on the subject of human rights in Haiti, Nicaragua, and Paraguay; the preparatory work for the fellowship program in the field of human rights, and the status of negotiations for the establishment of National Committees on Human Rights in the countries of the hemisphere.

16. The work done by the Secretariat in the compilation of the basic material for the preparation of the studies entrusted by the Commission to its members -- Drs. Fraga, Sandifer, Galindo, and Escudero, is also described. A more complete report on this subject is provided in another section of the present document.

V. VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE AMERICAN COUNTRIES

A. Report of the Subcommittee

17. The Subcommittee s composed of three members of the Commission, namely:

Chairman: Prof. Manuel Bianchi

Members: Drs. Gonzalo Escudero and

Durward V. Sandifer

In accordance with the regulations, the Subcommittee convened one week before the opening of the Fifth Session. Its main purpose was to make a preliminary study of the communications or claims sent to the Commission, to prepare a systematic and summarized report thereon to assist the Commission in its work, and to prepare the agenda and general work program for the Fifth Session.

18. The Subcommittee met from September 17 to 21, 1962. After completing its work, it issued a report, which was presented to the Commission for consideration at the second meeting (Doc. 5-V). This report includes the questions referred to above and is of a confidential nature, for the exclusive use of the members of the Commission.

B. The case of Haiti

19. The Commission received various communications or claims from Haitian citizens in exile alleging that acts in violation of human rights were being committed in Haiti. With this data before it, the Secretariat prepared a compilation of background material on the subject (Doc. 2-V), which was used as the basis for discussions in meetings of the Commission.

20. During the fourth meeting, held on September 27, the Commission decided to request the Haitian Government to permit it to go to that country for the purpose of holding part of its Fifth Session there. This request was transmitted to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Haiti by means of a cablegram dated September 26, 1962, the text of which was as follows:

THE HONORABLE RENE CHALMERS

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS

PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI

I HAVE THE HONOR TO INFORM YOUR EXCELLENCY THAT, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE AUTHORITY VESTED IN IT BY ARTICLE ll.C OF ITS STATUTES, THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HAS PROPOSED GOING TO THE REPUBLIC OF HAITI FOR THE PURPOSE OF HOLDING PART OF ITS CURRENT SESSION IN THAT COUNTRY. IN STRICT OBSERVANCE OF THIS SAME STATUTORY ARTICLE, THE COMMISSION HAS ENTRUSTED ME WITH THE PLEASING TASK TO REQUEST OF THE GOVERNMENT OF HAITI, THROUGH YOUR OFFICE, ITS PRIOR CONSENT TO THIS VISIT. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW TO YOU THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

21. After two weeks had elapsed without receipt of a reply from the Government of Haiti, the Commission decided to repeat the request for permission which had been made to the Haitian Government, by means of another cablegram, which was sent, in accordance with a decision taken at its twelfth meeting, on October 9, 1962. This cablegram read:

THE HONORABLE RENE CHALMERS

SECRETARY OF STATE FOP FOREIGN AFFAIRS

PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI

THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS REPEATS ITS REQUEST FOR PERMISSION TRANSMITTED TO YOUR EXCELLENCY ON SEPTEMBER 26 LAST, TO GO TO THE REPUBLIC OF HAITI IN ORDER TO HOLD PART OF ITS PRESENT SESSION IN THAT COUNTRY. THE COMMISSION HAS ENTRUSTED ME WITH THE TASK OF REQUESTING OF THE GOVERNMENT OF HAITI, THROUGH YOUR OFFICE, A PROMPT REPLY TO THAT REQUEST. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW TO YOU THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

22. The Haitian Government sent the Commission a cablegram dated October 11, 1962, in which it stated that it would not grant the requested permission, alleging that the request could be interpreted as interference in the internal affairs of Haiti. The following is the text of this cablegram:

MR. MANUEL BIANCHI, CHAIRMAN

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

PAN AMERICAN UNION

WASHINGTON, D. C.

I HAVE THE PLEASURE TO ACKNOWLEDGE RECEIPT OF YOUR CABLEGRAM OF OCTOBER 9 REGARDING THE REQUEST OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS FOR PERMISSION TO HOLD A PART OF ITS CURRENT SESSION IN THE REPUBLIC OF HAITI. I WISH TO POINT OUT THAT THE COMMISSION HAS NOT LAID THE BASIS FOR THAT REQUEST WHICH CAN BE INTERPRETED AS A FORM OF INTERFERENCE IN THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF HAITI THAT AFFECTS ITS SOVEREIGNTY. I REGRET TO INFORM YOU THAT MY GOVERNMENT, AFTER DUE COGNIZANCE OF THE MATTER, DOES NOT CONSIDER THAT IT HAS THE DUTY TO AUTHORIZE THE REQUESTED PERMISSION. I WISH TO EXPRESS MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

RENE CHALMERS

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS

23. The Commission carefully considered the reply of the Government of Haiti, believing that it had wrongly judged the Commission's purpose in requesting permission for the aforesaid visit. After studying the case in the fifteenth and sixteenth meetings, the Commission decided to send a note to that Government stating that the power to go to the territory of any American state is authorized in Article 11.C of the Commission's Statute; that the Commission had no other purpose, in requesting permission for the visit, than to examine, in an impartial and responsible spirit, the status of human rights in that country; and that the statement of the Haitian Government to the effect that the Commission could, through this visit, affect the sovereignty of Haiti, contradicted the support that Haiti had given to the establishment of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights at the Fifth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and the affirmative vote of Haiti to the Statute of the Commission in the Council of the Organization.

24. In accordance with this decision, the Commission addressed a note to the Government of Haiti on October 16, 1962, the text of which was as follows:

Mr. Secretary of State:

I have the honor to acknowledge Your Excellency's kind cablegram of October 11, in which you deigned to advise the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights that your Government does not consider that it has the duty to authorize the permission requested by this Commission on September 26, last, and repeated on the ninth of this month, because it considered that the Commission "has not laid the basis for that request which can be interpreted as a form of interference in the internal affairs of the Republic of Haiti that affects its sovereignty."

In this regard, the Commission wishes respectfully to remind Your Excellency's Government that it is granted the power to go to the territory of any American state, with the prior consent of the respective government, in conformity with Article ll.C of its Statute, which reads as follows:

Article 11

c. The permanent seat of the Commission shall be the Pan American Union. The Commission may move to the territory of any American state when it so decides by an absolute majority of votes and with the consent of the government concerned.

In accordance with that provision, inspired by the purpose for which the Commission was created which is to facilitate its examination of the subject of human rights in an impartial and highly responsible spirit, the Commission requested the previous consent of the Government of Your Excellency to go to the territory of Haiti.

The Commission regrets that Your Excellency's Government considers that request as a form of interference which could affect the sovereignty of your country, especially in view of the fact that your Government, through its Representative in the Council of the Organization of American States, approved the Statute of the Commission, to which the Fifth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, with the affirmative vote of Haiti, ascribed the competence to promote the respect of human rights in the American states. Furthermore, the fact that the Commission has requested the consent of your Government in itself indicates its respect for the sovereignty of the Republic of Haiti.

In view of the fact that the Commission cannot insist on its request when a Government has denied its consent, the Commission wishes to indicate to Your Excellency that, with this note, it is closing the matter at this time.

I take this opportunity to express to Your Excellency my highest considerations.

Manuel Bianchi

Chairman of the Inter-American

Commission on Human Rights

The Honorable Rene Chalmers

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Washington, D. C., October 18, 1962

25. At that same sixteenth meeting, the Commission decided to issue a press release for the purpose of informing the public about the cablegrams that had been exchanged between the Commission and the Haitian Government and also about the Commission's note.

The case of Nicaragua

.

26. Prior to the opening of the Fifth Session and in the course of that Session, the Commission received new communications or claims of violations of human rights in Nicaragua. It also received various documents from the Government of that country designed to show that these rights were being respected in that country. Moreover, the Commission itself heard two Nicaraguan citizens who presented their claims verbally, enlarging upon accusations that had previously been made to the Commission in writing.

27. In accordance with a conclusion reached by the Commission during its Fourth Session to the effect that the situation regarding human rights in that country made it advisable to undertake a more thorough and extensive study of the matter, and that for this purpose it was consider the possibility of visiting Nicaraguan territory, the Members decided, at the fifth meeting held on September 28, to request the consent of the Government of Nicaragua to the Commissions visiting that country for the purpose of holding part of its session there. It was therefore decided at the aforesaid meeting that a cablegram, the text of which follows, should be sent to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nicaragua:

THE HONORABLE

DR. ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

MANAGUA (NICARAGUA)

I HAVE THE HONOR TO INFORM YOUR EXCELLENCY THAT, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE AUTHORITY VESTED IN IT BY ARTICLE ll.C OF ITS STATUTES, THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HAS PROPOSED GOING TO THE REPUBLIC OF NICARAGUA FOR THE PURPOSE OF HOLDING PART OF ITS CURRENT SESSION IN THAT COUNTRY. IN STRICT OBSERVANCE OF THIS SAME STATUTORY ARTICLE, THE COMMISSION HAS ENTRUSTED ME WITH THE PLEASING TASK TO REQUEST OF THE GOVERNMENT OF NICARAGUA, THROUGH YOUR OFFICE, ITS PRIOR CONSENT TO THIS VISIT. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW TO YOU THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

28. The Government of Nicaragua replied to the Commission by means of a cablegram dated October 6, 1962, granting the permission requested, but leaving the date for the trip open, pending conversations on the matter that would be carried on between the Chairman of the Commission and the Nicaraguan Government. The text of the aforesaid cablegram was as follows:

HIS EXCELLENCY, AMBASSADOR

MANUEL BIANCHI, ACTING CHAIRMAN OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

PAN AMERICAN UNION

WASHINGTON, D. C.

I HAVE THE HONOR TO ADDRESS YOUR EXCELLENCY WITH REFERENCE TO YOUR KIND CABLEGRAM OF SEPTEMBER 28 LAST, BY MEANS OF WHICH YOU INFORM ME THAT THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HAS THE INTENTION OF HOLDING MEETINGS OUTSIDE ITS PERMANENT SEAT, USING THE POWERS CONFERRED UPON IT BY ARTICLE ll.C OF ITS STATUTE AND REQUESTING THROUGH ME THE PERMISSION OF MY GOVERNMENT FOR NICARAGUA TO SERVE AS TEMPORARY SEAT OF THE COMMISSION. I AM HAPPY TO STATE TO YOUR EXCELLENCY THAT MY GOVERNMENT IS PLEASED TO GRANT THE DESIRE OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION OF HUMAN RIGHTS WHICH WILL BE RECEIVED WITH GREAT GOODWILL ON THE DATE THAT WILL BE FIXED BY MUTUAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN MY GOVERNMENT AND YOUR EXCELLENCY. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO REITERATE TO YOUR EXCELLENCY THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

29. The Commission took cognizance of the Nicaraguan Governments reply at its eleventh meeting, held on October 8. At the fourteenth meeting, held on October 11, it decided to thank the government for granting the permission and at the same time state that the Commission was desirous of discussing a date for the visit.

The text of that cablegram is as follows.

THE HONORABLE

DR. ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

MANAGUA (NICARAGUA)

IN REPLY TO YOUR EXCELLENCY'S KIND CABLEGRAM OF OCTOBER 6 I HAVE THE HONOR TO INFORM YOU THAT THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS EXPRESSES ITS THANKS FOR THE PERMISSION GRANTED BY YOUR GOVERNMENT TO ENABLE IT TO GO TO NICARAGUA FOR THE PURPOSE OF HOLDING PART OF ITS CURRENT SESSION THERE. AT THE SAME TIME I HAVE THE PLEASURE TO INFORM

YOU THAT IN ACCORDANCE WITH YOUR EXCELLENCY'S SUGGESTION THE COMMISSION IS READY AT THIS TIME TO DISCUSS THE DATE OF THE VISIT WITH YOUR GOVERNMENT. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW TO YOUR EXCELLENCY THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

30. At the twentieth meeting, held on October 19, the Commission decided to send another cablegram to the Government of Nicaragua stating that it was the desire of the Commission to visit that country during the months of December 1962 or January 1963, owing to the fact that it was impossible to make the visit during the current session, inasmuch as the Commission had accepted the invitation of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic to visit that country. The text of the cablegram read:

THE HONORABLE

DR. ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

MANAGUA (NICARAGUA)

THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS WISHES TO STATE FOR THE RECORD THAT IT WOULD BE HONORED TO HOLD PART OF ITS PRESENT SESSION IN NICARAGUA, BUT HAVING ACCEPTED THE PRIOR INVITATION OF HIS EXCELLENCY THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC TO VISIT THAT COUNTRY, THE COMMISSION FINDS IT IMPOSSIBLE TO TRAVEL TO NICARAGUA IN THE COURSE OF THE PRESENT MONTH. PRIOR TO THE CLOSING OF ITS PRESENT SESSION, TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE CABLEGRAMS EXCHANGED WITH YOUR EXCELLENCY, AND TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE PERMISSION GRANTED TO THE COMMISSION BY THE GOVERNMENT OF NICARAGUA TO VISIT YOUR EXCELLENCY'S COUNTRY, THE COMMISSION TAKES THE LIBERTY OF PROPOSING, THROUGH ME, THAT THE VISIT BE MADE IN THE FORTHCOMING MONTHS OF DECEMBER OR JANUARY, DURING A WEEK THAT YOUR EXCELLENCY DESIRES TO SET FOR THE AFORESAID VISIT. I WOULD BE GRATEFUL TO YOUR EXCELLENCY FOR A PROMPT REPLY WITH RESPECT TO THIS MATTER, SO THAT THE DATE OF THE AFOREMENTIONED VISIT MAY BE SET BEFORE THE END OF THE PRESENT SESSION OF THE COMMISSION. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS TO YOUR EXCELLENCY THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

At that same twentieth meeting, the Commission decided to issue a press release to inform the public of the various cablegrams exchanged between the Commission and the Government of Nicaragua.

As the Commission had received no reply from the Government of Nicaragua at the time of the closing of the Fifth Session, it authorized the Subcommittee to take the necessary measures in case a reply should be received from the aforesaid Government. On October 31, the following cablegram was received from the Nicaraguan Government:

THE HONORABLE

AMBASSADOR MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN, INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON

HUMAN RIGHTS

PAN AMERICAN UNION

WASHINGTON, D. C.

IN REPLY TO YOUR KIND MESSAGE OF OCTOBER 19 I HAVE THE HONOR TO INFORM YOU THAT MY GOVERNMENT WAS DULY INFORMED THAT THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS WAS HONORED TO HOLD PART OF ITS PRESENT SESSION IN NICARAGUA BUT THAT THIS IS NO LONGER POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF ITS HAVING ACCEPTED AN EARLIER INVITATION FROM THE SECRETARY OF STATE OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC TO VISIT HIS COUNTRY. AS REGARDS THE POSSIBILITY OF SETTING A DATE DURING NEXT DECEMBER OR JANUARY FOR NICARAGUA TO SERVE AS TEMPORARY SEAT OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, MY GOVERNMENT, TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF A NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL NATURE REGRETS THAT IT IS NOT ABLE TO ESTABLISH A POSSIBLE DATE DURING THOSE MONTHS. HOWEVER I WISH TO REITERATE THROUGH YOU TO THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS THAT MY GOVERNMENT CONSENTS AND WOULD BE PLEASED TO HAVE NICARAGUA SERVE AS TEMPORARY SEAT ON A DATE THAT WE CAN AGREE UPON IN THE FUTURE. I AM HAPPY TO REITERATE THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

The Subcommittee met on the first of November to consider the communication quoted above and authorized the Chairman of the Commission to address the Nicaraguan Government, informing it that the Commission had convoked a Special Session for January 3, 1963, and indicating the desire of the Commission to hold part of this session in Nicaragua. The text of the cablegram that was sent to the Nicaraguan Government on November 1 was as follows:

THE HONORABLE

DR. ALFONSO ORTEGA URBINA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

MANAGUA (NICARAGUA)

IN REPLY TO THE KIND CABLEGRAM SENT BY YOUR EXCELLENCY, DATED OCTOBER 31 LAST, I HAVE THE PLEASURE TO INFORM YOU THAT THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HAS DECIDED TO HOLD A SPECIAL SESSION, AT ITS OFFICIAL SEAT, COMMENCING JANUARY 3, 1963, AND TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE RENEWED PERMISSION GRANTED BY YOUR EXCELLENCY TO THIS COMMISSION, IT WOULD LIKE TO HOLD PART OF THE AFORESAID SESSION IN NICARAGUA. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO EXPRESS TO YOUR EXCELLENCY THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI

CHAIRMAN

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

The case of Cuba

31. The Commission discussed the case of Cuba, starting with the third meeting of this session. In addition to continuing to study the situation of human rights in that country, as it had agreed to do at its Fourth Meeting, the Commission considered the advisability of visiting Cuba to study in the country itself the situation regarding these rights. For this purpose, it requested the prior consent of the Government of Cuba, in accordance with a decision taken at the fifth meeting, held on September 28. The text of the cablegram sent to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba was as follows:

THE HONORABLE

DR. RAUL ROA

MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS

HABANA (CUBA)

I HAVE THE HONOR TO INFORM YOUR EXCELLENCY THAT, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE AUTHORITY VESTED IN IT BY ARTICLE ll.C OF ITS STATUTES ENABLING IT TO GO TO THE TERRITORY OF ANY AMERICAN STATE, THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS HAS DECIDED BY A UNANIMOUS VOTE OF ITS MEMBERS, TO HOLD A PART OF ITS MEETINGS IN THE REPUBLIC OF CUBA. IN STRICT OBSERVANCE OF THE SAME STATUTORY PROVISION, THE COMMISSION HAS ENTRUSTED ME WITH THE PLEASING TASK TO REQUEST OF THE GO ENT OF CUBA, THROUGH YOUR EXCELLENCY, ITS PRIOR CONSENT TO THIS VISIT. I TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY TO RENEW TO YOU THE ASSURANCES OF MY HIGHEST CONSIDERATION.

MANUEL BIANCHI CHAIRMAN

32. The Commission completed its Fifth Session without having received a reply from the Government of Cuba to the foregoing cablegram. Before closing its present session, the Commission prepared a press release on the case of Cuba, in which it recorded its activities with respect to that country and, in addition, quoted the text of the aforesaid cablegram.

E. The case of Paraguay

33. In accordance with the decision taken during the Fourth Session, the Commission continued to study the situation regarding human rights in Paraguay, examining the new communications received and studying the background material compiled by the Secretariat.

34. In order to have more facts to guide it, the Commission requested the Paraguay Government, in a note dated July 26, 1962, to provide it with various data regarding human rights in that country. This information was promised by the Paraguayan Government in notes dated August 1, September 18, and October 13, 1962, but was not received during the period of the Fourth Session.

35. The Commission did not request the consent of the Paraguayan Government to visit that country, although it still proposes to do so, as was stated in the press release issued at the end of the Fifth Session (Doc. 38-V).

VI. ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE GENERAL WORK PROGRAM

A. Draft of the General Work Program submitted by the Subcommittee

36. Among he tasks performed by the Subcommittee was the preparation of a General Work Program, which was submitted to the Commission for consideration at its sixth meeting, held on October 1, 1962.

37. The purpose of the General Work Program is to outline the field of long-term activities that can be carried out by the Commission, including phases that had not been considered up to that time by the Commission as a whole.

38. The draft was considered at seven consecutive meetings and each of its thirteen points was studied in detail, taking as a basis the original drafts presented by he Subcommittee and comparing it with the amended version presented by Dr. Gabino Fraga. In substance, the entire draft was approved, but the order, of presentation was changed and the subjects grouped under the following five points:

I. Study on human rights and measures for their observances;

II. Teaching or publicizing of these rights;

III. Study of American electoral laws and possible methods to facilitate the participation of the people in the progress of the State; IV. Study of the "state of siege" in relation to human rights;

V. Comparative and analytical studies of American electoral laws and possible cooperation of specialists in the field.

39. During the twelfth meeting, held on October 9, the General Work Program was approved in the following terms:

THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS RESOLVES

To undertake the following studies and activities in order to further understanding of existing practices concerning human rights, and to consider potential means of perfecting the respect for these rights in the American states.

I

1. To undertake a continuing study of the definition and development of each of the human rights embodied in the American Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man.

2. To examine the current administrative practices in the American states especially where those proceedings are of a quasi-judicial nature and affect the basic rights enumerated in the American Declaration of Rights and Duties of Man, and to investigate to what extent it is possible to arrive at basic principles which should be observed in these proceedings so that they respect and adequately guarantee the protection of human rights.

3. To study and determine methods by which the right to petition can be accorded more substantive content and whether and in what manner regular procedures may be devised for the redress of grievances by citizens when no specific legal remedies exist and so that the petitions of the citizens receive proper attention by responsible authorities of their government.

4. To consider means whereby judicial protection within the national jurisdiction of the state can be improved, to ensure a more rapid and efficacious resolution of complaints, especially in regards to the right of personal liberty and. in general, the protection of the citizen against arbitrary or unjust intrusions or detentions by the state.

5. To study the question of the maintenance of public order and its relationship to the individual human rights, the problem of abuses by law enforcement officials, means of promoting effective but human law enforcement measures. and whether it is possible to insulate those agencies entrusted with law enforcement from political pressure and influence, and to consider to what extent such agencies can be made more responsive to the public will and conscience.

6. To study the appropriate measures the promoting and defending human rights, which constitutes the mandate of the Commission, and the problems related to the international protection of those rights.

II

1. To consider means of furthering the teaching of matters pertaining to human rights in the elementary and secondary schools, and to devise programs which would seek to provide an understanding of the functioning, the advantages, and the benefits of a free society, and to stimulate the civic conscience of the American people.

III

1. To undertake a thorough and continuing study of election procedures and electoral laws in the member states, seeking to discover the most suitable methods to guarantee greater respect for the right of suffrage in the electoral process, as well as the means for providing member governments with technical advice and assistance in electoral matters, and the conditions and procedures under which impartial election observers could be made available to the member governments at their request.

2. To study the most suitable methods to increase the participation of the people in the progress of the state by other means in addition to the rights of suffrage; to improve their understanding of the public problems and the policies of their government to the end of developing their feelings of civic responsibility and of effectively participating in the promotion of the general welfare.

3. To study the methods to provide greater access to the entire citizenry to all the means of communication so that they can exercise their right of freedom of expression in order to present their grievances and their points of view and suggestions regarding the public problems; and to consider the methods of meeting the cost of providing such access to the means of communication.

IV

1. To examine the history and current use of the institution of the State of Siege, (estado de sitio, estado de emergencia, suspencion de garantias, etc.) in order to ascertain whether and in what manner its practice derogates from the respect for human rights, and to determine whether the institution of the State of Siege can or should be subject to codification and definition of principles which could be observed throughout the hemisphere, considering, furthermore. whether and in what manner the imposition of and practices under the State of Siege could be considered in the international field.

V

1. In order that the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights familiarize itself more fully with the existing situation regarding human rights in the American States that the Secretariat of the Commission be instructed to request, n accordance with Resolution XXVII of the 10th Inter-American Conference, the corresponding reports, laws and documents existing in those States, so that these reports can be compiled into a definitive comparative and analytical study of the existing situation regarding each of these rights, and that the necessary supplements be issued.

2. In fulfilling these tasks and undertaking these studies, the collaboration of experts in the respective fields as well as the cooperation of organizations interested in promoting human rights should be sought, as well as the cooperation of universities and other institutions in the initiation and organization of seminars and study groups throughout the hemisphere. The Secretariat is authorized to take necessary measures to this end.

B. Rules of procedure concerning the drafts and reports submitted by the rapporteurs

40. At the seventh meeting, held on October 2, the Commission considered the draft entitled "Rules of Procedure Concerning Reports and Drafts of the Commission," which had likewise been presented by the Subcommittee. The purpose of this document is to facilitate the study and consideration of papers presented by members of the Commission during its meetings, by establishing a procedure for their presentation, study and approval.

The text of the document. as approved at the seventh meeting, is as follows:

RULES OF PROCEDURE CONCERNING

REPORTS AND DRAFTS OF THE COMMISSION

I

1. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights shall select. at its own initiative, those topics which it proposes to study for the purpose of promoting respect for human rights in the American hemisphere, and may assign the study of those topics and the preparation of a draft report either to an individual member of the Commission who shall act as rapporteur, to a subcommittee or to the Secretariat of the Commission.

2 In selecting topics for study the Commission shall also take into account the requests and recommendations of the governments, of the Inter-American Conferences, of the Meetings of Consultation of he Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and of the Council of the Organization of American States.

II

1. With respect to each topic assigned to a member of the Commission, the rapporteur shall prepare a preliminary report containing the results of his studies and findings, together with his observations and recommendations.

2. Upon presentation of the preliminary report, it will be considered by the Commission sitting as a whole. The members will present their comments and observations as soon as possible to the rapporteur, who shall prepare a new report taking into account those comments and observations.

3. After due consideration of the new report, the Commission shall approve it entirely or in part, amend it, postpone action, return it to the rapporteur for further consideration, or prepare its own report or draft. When the Commission approves a report or draft, the Secretariat of the Commission shall publish the report as an official document of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, for internal or general circulation as the Commission so decides.

4. A report or draft of the Commission shall be signed by the members concurring. Members who are or are not in agreement with the decision of the majority are entitled, pursuant to Article 18 of the Regulations, to have an explanation of their vote included immediately after such report or draft.

III

1. In the case of Draft Inter-American Conventions, the Commission, upon approving the final draft according to the procedure set forth in Article II, shall transmit the draft document through the General Secretariat of the Organization to the governments of the American states so that they may formulate any observations deemed appropriate within the period of time indicated by the Commission.

2. The observations made by the governments shall be taken into consideration by the Commission when it prepares its definitive reports or draft documents, once the period referred to in the preceding paragraph has expired. These observations shall be compiled by the Secretariat of the Commission and presented to the Commission so that the rapporteur may draft a new document. The report of the rapporteur will be presented to the Commission, which shall proceed according to Paragraphs 3 and 4 of Article II.

C. Preliminary draft convention on freedom of information, expression, and investigation presented by Ambassador Gonzalo Escudero.

42. This work was originally considered during the Fourth Session, the meeting of

April 25, 1962, under the title of "Second Report on Freedom of Expression, Information, and Investigation" (Doc. 4-IV). At that time, some observations on the text were presented and it was decided that the study of the document should be continued and that the additional pertinent observations should be incorporated into it so that a more detailed study could be made during the Fifth Session.

43. The aforesaid document (Doc. 4-IV) contains the text of the preliminary draft convention, preceded by an introduction prepared by Dr. Escudero, the rapporteur, which divides the subjects in this way:

First Part - Only Section: Freedom of conscience, thought, and religion.

Second Part - Section One: Freedom of expression through the press and other media. Section Two: The right to information.

Section Three: Facilities for receiving and disseminating information.

Section Four: Right of correction, reply, or clarification.

Section Five: Freedom of investigation.

Third Part - Section One: Supplementary provisions.

Section Two: Signature, ratification, and duration of the convention.

44. The Commission considered this preliminary draft during the thirteenth, fourteenth, and sixteenth meetings of its Fifth Session. Various observations with respect to its text were made at these meetings and written comments were presented by Drs. Bianchi, Fraga, and Sandifer. The Secretariat compiled these in Document l1-V and distributed them to the members of the Commission. In the course of these meetings, the introductory clauses were studied and various changes made in them. It was also decided that Part One, which dealt with freedom of conscience, thought, and religion, should be eliminated. Also, some transpositions of the articles, up to Article III, were made in the draft, which includes twenty-five articles.

45. During the sixteenth meeting, it was decided that the rapporteur should be requested to prepare a new version of the preliminary draft, in the light of the observations and comments made, for the purpose of enabling final consideration to be given to this document in the course of the Sixth Session. The Commission likewise recommended to Ambassador Escudero that it would be advisable to revise the order of the articles for the purpose of more appropriately setting forth the subjects with which this convention deals.

Second Part of the Report "The Relationship Between the Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy," presented by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer.

46. The Commission considered this study in the course of the eighth meeting, held on October 3, 1962.

47. This document consists of a summary of the civil and political rights contained in the American Declaration for the use of teachers, students, and the public as a whole, in order to assist in the civic education of the American peoples. Eleven rights are enumerated, each of which is followed by a brief illustrative definition (Doc. 3-V)

48. This work was the object of various observations of substance and form. at the fourteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth meetings. The Commission approved the document in principle during the eighteenth meeting, but postponed its final consideration for the Sixth Session, after its Spanish version is revised.

E. Human Rights and the Right of Suffrage in America

49. At the eighteenth meeting, the Commission considered the paper prepared by Dr. Bianchi on the right of suffrage in America and its relation to human rights (Doc. 14-V).

50. The document provides a brief summary of the electoral laws of the American countries, starting with Article XX of the American Declaration, which states that the right of suffrage is a right to which all citizens of the Americas are entitled. The conditions of age, education, sex, occupation, nationality, obligation, and political ideology of the elector are explained as they are indicated in the electoral laws of the American countries. The study also points out aspects of penal laws enforced in certain countries and ends with a series of conclusions in which the electoral laws of the American countries are compared with the ideal set forth in various inter-American instruments.

51. The topic of the study prepared by Dr. Bianchi is being continually enlarged upon. According to the belief of the rapporteur himself, it is a field in which the laws of the American States tend to make constant improvement. For that reason, the Preliminary Note of the document states that it should be considered as provisional, in view of the

fact that some countries have announced that they propose to amend their electoral laws in the general elections to be held in 1963.

52. The Commission decided to transmit this study to the American Governments and request them to send the Commission their respective electoral laws, with a view to broadening the aforesaid study.

F. Future work of the Commission in relation to the General Work Program

53. In accordance with the General Work Program, approved at the Fifth Session. the Commission will carry out a series of new activities for the purpose of helping to develop an understanding of the current procedures with respect to human rights and considering possible means of protecting these rights in the American States. In the first place, the Commission will constantly study the definition and development of each of the rights set forth in the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man; it will examine the current practices regarding administrative procedures of a quasi-judicial nature which affect the basic rights of man; it will carry out studies on the right to petition and on electoral procedures and laws, and it will study the history and general application of the "state of siege." Moreover, the Commission, in performing these duties, will request the cooperation of specialists in their respective fields, as well as that of organizations interested in the promotion of human rights, and of universities and other institutions.

54. The Secretariat of the Commission will, in accordance with the aforesaid program, carry out a series of activates, such as the compilation of background material and the preparation of preliminary studies, to help the Commission in its work.

VII. OTHER DECISIONS AND CONCLUSIONS OF THE COMMISSION

Broadening of the functions and powers of the Commission

55. During the sixth meeting, held on October 1, the Commission considered the matter of the broadening of its functions and powers, in accordance with the draft amendments submitted to the Council of the Organization in October 1960 (Doc. 31-I).

56. At that meeting, Ambassador Escudero reported to the Commission that this subject was still being considered by the Committee on Juridical and Political Rights of the Council of the Organization. The Commission decided to reiterate to the Council its request for the amendment of the Statute, referring to Resolution VIII of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, held in Punta del Este (Uruguay), in which the American governments recommended that the functions and powers of the Commission be broadened.

B. Fellowship Program

57. The fellowship program in the field of human rights, approved during the Fourth Session, was further studied in the seventeenth meeting, held on October 16.

58. The Secretary informed the Commission that the budget estimates of the Pan American Union already included an item for this program, which amount was intended to defray the preliminary costs of the Fellowship Program. If the Council of the Organization approves this item. the aforesaid Program will be started in fiscal year 1963-1964.

C. National Committees on Human Rights

59. At the seventeenth meeting, the Secretary informed the Commission that although many well known persons in the American countries had been contacted for the purpose of establishing the National Committees, it had not been possible to appoint the members of these committees up to that time.

60. Professor Manuel Bianchi and Mrs. Angel Acuña reported to the Commission that the negotiations for the establishment of these Committees in their respective countries were well under way.

61. The members agreed that, in the future, the Secretariat should write to organizations that are now working in the field of human rights, for the purpose of exchanging ideas and information conducive to useful cooperation.

D. Visit to the Dominican Republic

62. During the fifteenth meeting, Dr. Francisco V. Garcia-Amador, Director of the Department of Legal Affairs of the Pan American Union, transmitted to the Commission the oral invitation of Dr. Jose Antonio Bonilla Atiles, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of the Dominican Republic, for the Commission to go to that country for the purpose of ascertaining the progress achieved by the Dominican people in the important field of human rights.

63. Subsequently, the Commission was informed that it was impossible to make he visit, owing to the difficulties arising from the serious international situation in the Caribbean area.*

* After the close of the Fifth Session, the Commission received a cablegram from the Dominican Government, dated November 1, 1962, signed by the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, reiterating the invitation to visit that country. The Commission will discuss this matter at its special session to be held in January 1963.

E. Communications from the American Governments

64. In addition to the communications sent to specific governments requesting information on alleged violations of human rights in their respective territories, the Commission decided, in the twenty-fourth meeting held on October 26, to send a note to all American Governments, to inform them of the work accomplished by the Commission during its Fifth Session.

F. Report to the Eleventh Inter-American Conference

65. The Commission decided to postpone for the Sixth Session the preparation of the Report to the Eleventh Inter-American Conference, having entrusted to its Secretariat the preparation of the draft report.

G. Communication to the Chairman of the Council of the Organization of American States

66. At the twenty-fourth meeting, the Commission decided to send a Note to the Chairman of the Council of the Organization of American States, informing him of the work accomplished by the Commission during its Fifth Session.

H. Date of the Sixth Session

67. The Commission decided to open its Sixth Session on April 15, 1963. The Subcommittee will meet one week in advance of the opening of the Sixth Session, to give preliminary consideration to the communications or claims addressed to the Commission and in order to facilitate its work.

APPENDIX

DOCUMENTS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (OEA/Ser.L/V)

Document Number Title

OEA/Ser.L/V/II.5 DOCUMENTS OF THE FIFTH SESSION

Doc. 0 Documentos de la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, registrados por la Secretaria hasta el 14 de noviembre de 1962

Doc. 1-Rev. Resumen de la comunicaciones recibidas por la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, correspondiente al Quinto Periodo de Sesiones

Doc. 2 Informacion sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica de Haiti

Doc. 3 Second report on the relationship between the respect for human rights and the effective exercise of representative democracy

Dr. Durward V. Sandifer

Doc. 4 Segundo Informe sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica de Nicaragua

Doc. 5 Informe sometido por la Subcomision a la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Doc. 6 Correspondencia entre la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y los Gobiernos Americanos

Doc. 7 Acta Resumida de la Primera Sesión celebrada el 24 de septiembre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Tercera Sesión del 26 de septiembre de 1962)

Doc. 8 Acta Resumida de la Segunda Sesion celebrada el 25 de septiembre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Cuarta Sesión del 27 de septiembre de 1962)

Doc. 9 Acta Resumida de la Tercera Sesión celebrada el 26 de septembre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Quinta Sesión del 28 de septiembre de 1962)

Doc. 10 Acta Resumida de la Cuarta Sesión celebrada el 27 de septiembre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Sexta Sesión del 1 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 11 Observaciones formuladas al Anteproyecto de invencion Interamercana sobre Libertad de Expresion, de Informacion y de Investigacion, preparada por el Embajador Dr. Gonzalo Escudero, Miembro de la Comision

Doc. 12 Acta Resumida de a Quinta Sesion celebrada el 28 de septiembre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Septima Sesion del 2 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 13 Acta Resumida de la Sexta Sesión celebrada el 1 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Octava Sesion del 3 de octubre de l962)

Doc. 14 Los Derechos Humanos y el Derecho en América Prof. Manuel Banchi, Presidente de la Comision

Doc. 15 Acta Resumida de la Séptima Sesión celebrada el 2 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Novena Sesion del 4 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 16 Acta Resumida de la Octava Sesión celebrada el 5 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en a Décima Sesion del 5 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 17 Informe del Secretario Ejecuivo sobre las dades de la Secretaria entre el Cuarto y Quinto Periodo di Sesiones

Doc. 18 Acta Resumida de la Novena Sesión celebrada al de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Decimaprimera Sesión del 8 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 19 Acta Resumida de la Décima Sesion al 5 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Decimasegunda Sesion del 9 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 20 Acta Resumida de la Décimaprimera Sesion celebrada el 8 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Decimatercera Sesión del 10 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 21 Proyecto de Convencion sobre Libertad de Informacion de las Naciones Unidas

Doc. 22 Acta Resumida de la Décimasegunda Sesion celebrada el 9 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Decimacuarta Sesion del 11 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 23 Acta Resumida de la Décimatercera Sesión celebrada el 10 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Décimaquinta Sesión celebrada el 12 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 24 Acta Resumida de la Décimacuarta Sesión celebrada el 11 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Décimasexta Sesión del 15 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 25 Acta Resumida de la Decimaquinta Sesión celebrada el 12 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Décimaséptima Sesión del 16 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 26 Comunicado de Prensa

Doc. 27 Acta Resumida de la Décimasexta Sesión celebrada el 15 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Décimanovena Sesión del 18 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 28 Acta Resumida de la Decimaséptima Sesion celebrada el 16 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Décimanovena Sesión del 18 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 29 Acta Reaumida de la Décimaoctava Sesión celebrada el 17 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésima Sesion del 19 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 30 Normas de procedimiento sobre los Proyectos a Informes de la Comisión

Doc 31 Programa General de Trabajo

Doc. 32 Acta Resumida de la Decimanovena Sesión celebrada el 18 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésimaprimera Sesión del 22 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 33 Acta Resumida de la Vigésima Sesión celebrada el 19 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésimasegunda Sesión del 24 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 34 Acta Resumida de la Vigésimaprimera Sesion celebrada el 22 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésimasegunda Sesión del 24 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 35 Comunicado de Prensa

Doc. 36 Acta Resumida de la Vigésimasegunda Sesion celebrada el 24 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésimacuarta Sesión del 26 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 37 Acta Resumida de la Vigésimatercera Sesión celebrada el 25 de octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigésimacuarta Sesión del 26 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 38 Comunicado de Prensa

Doc. 39 Acta Resumida de la Vigésimacuarta Sesión celebrada el 26 de Octubre de 1962 (Aprobada en la Vigesimacuarta Sesión del 26 de octubre de 1962)

Doc. 40 Informe sobre la labor desarrollada durante su Quinto Periodo de Sesiones del 24 de septiembre al 26 de octubre de 1962