Report on Sessions of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights

OEA/Ser.L/VII.4
Doc. 34 (English)
July 12, 1962

Original: Spanish



INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

REPORT ON THE WORK ACCOMPLISHED

DURING ITS FOURTH SESSION

April 2 to 27, 1962



PAN AMERICAN UNION

General Secretariat, Organization of American States

Washington, D. C

ORGANIZATION OF THE FOURTH SESSION

Opening date

The Commission opened its Fourth Session on April 2, 1962, at the Pan American Union, Washington, D.C. The Subcommittee began its work a week in advance on March 26, 1962.

Members present

The following members attended the Fourth Session:

Prof. Manuel Bianchi Gundian, Vice Chairman of the Commission

Mrs. Angela Acuna de Chacon

Dr. Gonzalo Escudero

Dr. Gabino Fraga

Dr. Reynaldo Galindo Pohl

Dr. Durward V. Sandifer

Mr. Romulo Gallegos, Chairman of the Commission, was unable to come to Washington to attend the Fourth Session.

Acting Chairman

Owing to the absence of Mr. Gallegos, the Vice Chairman, Professor Manuel Bianchi, directed the work of the Commission in the capacity of acting Chairman.

Inaugural meeting

The first meeting took place on April 2, 1962, at 10:30 a.m. in the Columbus Room of the Pan American Union. Dr. Bianchi, acting Chairman, declared the Fourth Session open.

Present at the inaugural meeting were Dr. Jose A. Mora, Secretary General of the Organization; Dr. William Sanders, Assistant Secretary General; and Dr. Charles G. Fenwick, Director of the Department of Legal Affairs of the Pan American Union. The acting Chairman welcomed the members and greeted Drs. Mora, Sanders, and Fenwick, expressing his appreciation "for all the facilities received by the Commission from the General Secretariat of the Organization and its various technical and administrative offices."

Professor Bianchi expressed regret that the Chairman of the Commission, Mr. Gallegos was absent and stressed the need to continue relying upon his authority and knowledge with reference to the Commission's problems. Dr. Mora praised the Commission for the prestige that it has gained among the American peoples and mentioned the success of this entity which he said, "represents the highest and most noble interests of the inter-American system." He reiterated the General Secretariat's desire to be of service to the Commission.

e. Meetings and documents

The Commission held 18 meetings during the course of its Fourth Session, between April 2 and 27, 1962.

The Secretariat prepared summary minutes of all the meetings held during this Session, as well as a complete report of the communications received since the close of the Third Session. This report was supplemented by the communications received during the Fourth Session The communications were arranged in chronological order of receipt and by country with a summary of the contents of each one. (See Doc. 3-IV).

In accordance with the decisions of the Commission during its Third Session, the Secretariat prepared two background documents related to the topics "Right of expression, information, and investigation" and "The Relationship between respect for human rights and the effective exercise of representative democracy," both of which were on the general work program of the Commission. These background studies were in due course transmitted by the Secretariat to the rapporteurs and were used respectively as the basis for the documents submitted by Drs, Gonzalo Escudero and Durward V. Sandifer. Chapter IX of this report Presents an account of the studies submitted by the rapporteurs pursuant to the general work program of the Commission.

At the request of the Commission the Secretariat also prepared two draft reports on the situation regarding rights in the Dominican Republic (Doc. 1-IV) and in the Republic of Cuba (Doc. 2-IV). Both documents provide an account of the activities of the Commission with reference to these countries, as well as an analysis of the violations of fundamental human rights. The draft reports prepared by the Secretariat served as a basis for the reports prepared by the Commission concerning the situation regarding rights in those countries. * The Secretariat also prepared two additional background documents on the situation regarding human rights in Nicaragua and in Paraguay.

f. Secretariat

In accordance with Article 14 of the Statute, Secretary General of the Organization assigned to the Codification Division of the Pan American Union the task of providing secretariat services to the Commission. Dr. Luis Reque, Chief of the Codification Divisions, served as Executive Secretary and Drs. Isidoro Zanotti, Manuel Velarde, and Guillermo Cabrera, also amid in that division, geared as advisers.

* See Chapter VI of this report

II. AGENDA

At its first meeting, held on April 2, the Session approved the following agenda for the Fourth session:

1. Report prepared by the Secretariat on the work of the Commission during its Third Session.

2. Report of the Secretariat on its activities between the Third and Fourth Sessions of the Commission.

3. Report of the Subcommittee regarding communications or claims received. Communications concerning Cuba.

4. Violations of human rights in the American countries:

a) Draft reports prepared by the Secretariat on the situation regarding human rights in Cuba and in the Dominican Republic.

b) Possible visits to Paraguay and Nicaragua.

5. Broadening of the functions and powers of the Commission.

6. General work programs

a) Draft convention on freedom of expression, information and investigation, presented by Ambassador Gonzalo Escudero,

b) Human rights and peace, prepared by Professor Manuel Bianchi.

c) Human rights at the level of school children prepared by Mrs. Angela Acuna de Chacon.

d) Relationship between the respect for human rights and the effective exercise of

representative democracy, presented by Dr. Durward V. Sandifer.

National committees on human rights. Report of the Secretariat.

8. Fellowship program. Report of the Secretariat.

9. Communications to the governments.

10. Report to the Seventh Inter-American Conference.

11. Date of the Fifth Session.

III. REPORT PREPARED BY THE SECRETARIAT ON THE WORK OF THE COMMISSION DURING ITS THIRD SESSION

At the first meeting, held on April 2, 1962, the Executive Secretary submitted to the members for their consideration, Document 32-III, entitled "Report on the work accomplished during its Third Session." This document contains a summary of the work done by the Commission between October 2, and November 4, 1961, a list of reports presented, works compiled, communications received, and a brief description of the visit of the Commission to the Dominican Republic between October 22 and 28, 1961. This report was approved at the first meeting.

IV. REPORT OF TIE SECRETARIAT ON ITS ACTIVITIES

BETWEEN THE THIRD AND FOURTH SESSIONS

At the first meeting, on April 2, 1962, the Executive Secretary presented the Commission a report an the work of the Secretariat between the Third and Fourth Sessions, from November 5, 1961 to April 2, 1962 (See Doc. 6-IV).

This document contains a report of the following works: a. Draft report on the Dominican Republic (Doc. 1-IV); b. Draft report on the Republic of Cuba (Doc. 2-IV); c. Communications or claims (Doc. 3-IV); d. Fellowship program (Doc. 25-IV); and

e. National committees on human rights.

The report also mentions the work of the Secretariat in preparing and compiling legal material and information sent to Dr. Galindo Pohl to facilitate the work entrusted to him by the Committee, and the research and preparation carried out by the Secretariat in connection with the works presented by Drs. Escudero and Sandifer during the course of this Session.

V. REPORT OF THE SUBCOMMITTEE

As provided for in the Regulations of the Commission, the Subcommittee meets a week in advance of the beginning of the session, in order to draw up pertinent recommendations and to facilitate the work of the Commission. To that end, the members of this Subcommittee, Drs. Bianchi, Escudero and Sandifer, met on March 26, 1962, and held five consecutive meetings between then and March 30.

As a result of its discussions, the Subcommittee prepared a report (Doc. 5-IV), which was presented to the Commission at its second meeting, held on April 3, 1962. This document describes the work of the Subcommittee in regard to the following matters: a. Communications concerning Cuba. Position of the Commission regarding the decision adopted by the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, in its Resolution VI;

Consideration of communications or claims addressed to the Commission;

Consideration of a draft agenda for the Fourth Session.

With reference to the first point, after carefully studying the scope of Resolution VI of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation and considering the Commission's appropriate position, the Subcommittee agreed to recommend to the Commission that it continue considering and processing communications or claims related to the Republic of Cuba.

With reference to the second point, the Subcommittee carefully studied the 98 communications submitted to it. As previously noted the Secretariat had prepared a confidential list of these communications and a summary of their contents (Doc. 3-IV). Regarding the third point, the Subcommittee, with the cooperation and advice of the Secretariat, drew up the agenda for the Fourth Session.

The report of the Subcommittee was fully considered by the Commission at its second, third, and fourth meetings.

The Commission concurred with the recommendations made by the Subcommittee with respect to the communications on Cuba, and decided to continue investigating the situation regarding human rights in that country.

With regard to the communications or claims received, the Commission also considered recommendations made by the Subcommittee taking into account, furthermore, communications received after publication of the Subcommittee's reports.

The Commission considered 120 communications on specific cases of violations of human rights (Doc. 3-IV, Rev.) and about 100 of an informative nature.

As indicated in Chapter II of this report, the Commission approved the draft agenda that was submitted by the Subcommittee.

VI. VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN AMERICAN COUNTRIES

As previously indicated the Commission, during its Fourth Session, received numerous communications or claims reporting violations of human rights in the various American countries. These communications or claims were carefully examined, and later, in accordance with the procedure stipulated in the Regulations of the Commission, they were transmitted to the interested governments. Using the powers conferred upon it in the final part of paragraph b and in paragraph c of Article 9 of the Statute, the Commission requested information of the governments regarding concrete cases claiming specific violations of the rights of particular persons. In this connection, the Commission asked the Governments of Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, Guatemala, Haiti, Nicaragua and Paraguay for information regarding the acts reported.

During this Session, the Commission devoted most of its attention to those reports complaints, or claims that concerned the most repeated and serious violations of human rights. It therefore concentrated on the situation of human rights in Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Nicaragua and Paraguay.

a. Situation regarding human rights in the Dominican Republic

As a result of information received since the First Session on the situation regarding human rights in the Dominican Republic and that obtained by the Commission during its visit to that country in October 1961, the Commission, at its Third Session, requested its Secretariat to draw up a draft report encompassing all the Commission's activities in that country. In compliance with this request, the Secretariat submitted to the Commission for consideration the draft report that it had prepared (Doc. 1-IV). The Commission considered this report at its seventh meeting, held on April 2, 1962, and approved it after including a number of corrections and revisions. It was agreed to append to this document the note sent by the Commission to the Dominican Government on November 8, 1962.

The report prepared by the Commission on the situation regarding human rights in the Dominican Republic relates all the Commission's activities in connection with this matter as well as a study of the violations of fundamental human rights. In its final observations, the Commission states that "the most flagrant violations of human rights in the Dominican Republic were perpetrated during the regime of Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo." The Commission also points out that although the situation improved after July l, 1961, serious violations against human rights continued, such as those described in the Commission's report and in its note of November 8, 1961. In conclusion, the Commission notes with satisfaction that since the beginning of January 1962, it has received no communication whatsoever regarding violations of human rights in the Dominican Republic (Doc. 32-IV)

Situation regarding human rights in the Republic of Cuba

Since the beginning of its work, the situation regarding human rights in Cuba has been the object of constant study on the part of the Commission.

At the commencement of its Fourth Session, the Commission received numerous communications requesting that it take action to prevent capital punishment being applied in the case of the prisoners on trial as a result of the Playa Giron conflict.

Pursuant to the powers conferred upon it by Article 9(b)of its Statute, the Commission agreed to transmit the following cable to the Government of Cuba:

April 4, 1962

Dr. Raul Roa

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Havana, Cuba

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights refers to the cable sent to the Commission by the acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Cuba on April 26, 1961, which among other statements contained the following: "The Cuban Government will apply existing laws identical in their principles to those in force in other civilized countries, concerning the defense, territory, and sovereignty, in an atmosphere favoring full rights and guarantees for the accused and with same spirit of goodwill and generosity that has characterized all its actions," and to your own reply to the cable sent to you personally by the acting Chairman of the Commission on March 27, 1962. In the exercise of its powers as set forth in Article 9(b)of its Statute, the Commission urgently recommends that the proceedings initiated against the prisoners of war, who were captured as a result of the Playa Giron expedition, be conducted in accordance with the principles contained in Article XXVI of the American Declaration of the Rights

and Duties of Man, the text of which is as follows: "Every accused person is presumed to be innocent until proved guilty. Every person accused of an offense has the right to be given an impartial and public hearing, and to be tried by courts previously established in accordance with pre-existing laws, and not to receive cruel, infamous or unusual punishment." The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, impelled by high humanitarian motives, also beseeches the Government of Cuba to refrain from passing the death sentence upon the aforementioned prisoners. Accept, Sir, the renewed assurance of our highest consideration.

(s) Manuel Bianchi

Acting Chairman

(s) Luis Reque

Executive Secretary

At its Third Session, the Commission instructed the Secretariat to prepare a draft report on the situation regarding human rights in Cuba. Complying with these instructions, the Secretariat presented the draft report to the Commission at its last session (Doc. 2-IV). In the preparation of this document, the Secretariat used material and background data compiled during the Second Session as well as information obtained as a result of complaints or claims received.

This draft report was considered by the Commission at its fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth meetings, and it decided to ask the Secretariat to broaden the scope of the report, so that it might be considered for approval at the next session. At the seventeenth meeting, the Commission agreed to publish the text of the note sent to the

Government of Cuba on November 7,1961, and to report on the communications exchanged with that government relative to the proceedings against the prisoners taken during the Playa Giron conflict. At its meeting of April 26, 1962, the Commission approved a report on the situation regarding human rights in Cuba (Doc. 30-IV). In this report, in addition to publishing the previously mentioned documents, the Commission recorded its deep concern with the way in which the trial of the Playa Giron prisoners had been conducted, which, according to information received, had not been in accordance with the standards set forth in Article XXVI of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. For this reason the Commission pointed out that it was assembling all pertinent information that would facilitate its arriving at appropriate conclusions and proceeding with the measures it considers necessary in accordance with its Statute.

c. Communications with reference to Nicaragua

Since its First Session, the Commission has received numerous communications regarding the violation of human rights in Nicaragua. At its Second Session, the Commission instructed the Secretariat to compile information regarding human rights in that country, which task was completed and submitted to the Commission for consideration at its Third Session. Subsequently additional information supplied through reports or claims received by the Commission was incorporated in this report.

During its Third Session, the Commission received several communications, requesting that it take action to induce the Government of Nicaragua to institute constitutional guarantees and to permit thousands of exiled Nicaraguans to return to that country. On November 2, 1961, the Commission requested from the Government of Nicaragua information about acts that had been reported to it by exiled Nicaraguans. Since it received no reply to this request, the Commission repeated the request by cable on April 5, 1962. The Commission received the information from the Government of Nicaragua on April 13, 1962.

Prior to its Fourth Session., the Commission received a request to grant a personal interview to Dr. Leonte Herdocia, Jr., exiled Nicaraguan leader, representing the Nicaraguan Revolutionary Movement and the Independent Liberal Party, so that he might amplify previous written reports. The Commission granted two interviews to this leader during the meetings held on April 16 and 24, 1962. After carefully studying the reports and information presented by Dr. Herdocia, Jr., the Commission agreed to transmit the pertinent parts of these to the Government of Nicaragua. On April 26, the Commission transmitted these reports to the Nicaraguan Government, and at the same time requested that it supply relevant information for the consideration of the Commission.

Communications with reference to Paraguay

Since its First Session, the Commission has also been studying the situation regarding human rights in Paraguay. As in the case of Nicaragua, the Commission received numerous written communications from Paraguayan exiles, referring to violations of rights in that country, and requesting that the Commission undertake the necessary steps before the Paraguayan Government in order to restore an atmosphere of respect for human rights and to guarantee the return of the exiles. At the request of the Commission, the Secretariat also compiled background material on the situation regarding human rights in Paraguay.

During its Fourth Session the Commission received numerous communications on serious and repeated violations of human rights and also formal requests that it visit Paraguay in order to examine the situation. On April 5, 1962, the Commission wrote to the Government of Paraguay, requesting information on the acts that had been denounced. On April 28, the government of that country sent the Commission full information, which will be considered at the next session.

e. Communications with reference to Haiti

Because of the numerous communications or claims received by the Commission concerning violations of human rights in Haiti, the Commission, at its eighteenth meeting, held on April 27, 1962, instructed its Secretariat to prepare a document on the situation regarding human rights in Haiti. The Commission agreed to study the Haitian case at its next session and also to consider the possibility of visiting that country in order to examine the situation.

VII. POSSIBLE VISITS TO NICARAGUA AND PARAGUAY

Pursuant to Topic 4 of the Agenda for the Fourth Session, the Commission considered possible visits to Nicaragua and Paraguay for the purpose of undertaking a more thorough examination of the situation regarding human rights in those countries. According to Article 11(c) of the Statute, the Commission is empowered to hold meetings in any member country of the Organization of American States with the consent of the government concerned.

In discussing the possible visits to Nicaragua and Paraguay, the Commission kept in mind the denunciations of serious and repeated violations of human rights in the two countries, and the fact that thousands of exiled Nicaraguans and Paraguayans have expressed a desire to return to their respective countries.

At the meeting held on April 23, 1962, the Commission reached the conclusion that it should not only request information from, and make recommendations to, the governments of Nicaragua and Paraguay but that it should undertake a more thorough and extensive study of the situation regarding human rights in those countries, and in conformity with Article 11(c) of its Statute, consider the possibility of requesting the consent of the aforementioned governments to hold meetings in Nicaragua and Paraguay.

VIII. BROADENING OF THE FUNCTIONS AND POWERS OF THE COMMISSION

The Commission received with appreciation Resolution IX of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs recommending that the Council of the Organization revise the Statute of the Commission, broadening and strengthening the Commission's functions and powers so as to permit it effectively to further respect for these rights in the countries of the hemisphere

The Commission took cognizance of the aforementioned Resolution and agreed to reiterate to the Council of the Organization that in October of 1960 it had submitted a proposed amendment to the Statute for consideration by the Council. In accordance with this decision of the Commission, the acting Chairman transmitted a note to the Chairman of the Council of the Organization on May 7, 1962 referring to the draft amendment to the Statute submitted to the Council on October 28, 1960, and to Resolution IX of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs.

IX. GENERAL WORK PROGRAM

During the first Session the Session approved a general work program including topics and studies on important matters related to the awareness and observance of human rights in the American countries. At the same time the Commission designated the various rapporteurs.

During the present Session the Commission considered 4 papers or reports that were submitted to it by the rapporteurs. The 4 documents presented to the Commission for consideration were as follows:

1. Draft convention on freedom of expression, information and investigation. Rapporteur: Doctor Gonzalo Escudero.

This paper was presented by the rapporteur at the sixteenth session, held on April 25, 1962, under the heading "Second report on freedom of expression, information and investigation" (Doc. 4-IV). The report contains a preliminary draft convention consisting of a preamble and 25 articles referring to freedom of conscience, thought and religion; freedom of expression by means of the press and other information media; the right to information; facilities to receive and disseminate news and information of any kind; right to rectification, reply or clarification; and freedom of investigation, followed by a section on complementary norms and another section on the signing, ratifying and duration of the Convention.

In accordance with Doctor Escudero's suggestion, the Commission gave a first reading to the aforesaid document, and on that occasion, the members of the Commission suggested a few changes which were included in the text. Tbs Commission agreed to recommend that the members continue their study of the document and within a period of 60 days transmit any additional pertinent observations to the Secretariat for consideration at the Fifth Session.

2. Human rights at the level of school children. Rapporteur: Mrs. Angela Acuna de Chacon.

The Commission considered this paper at the seventeenth meeting on April 26, 1962. The study deals with how to teach school children human rights in theory and practice. The author suggests a series of methods whereby teacher and students would share each day's activities so that they dramatize the rights of each student and the duty to respect such rights. The rapporteur includes a list of the human rights that are mentioned in the American Declaration, simplified in such a way so as to make it easier for children to learn about them.

The Commission requested the Secretariat to translate this paper (Doc. 22-IV) into the other official languages of the Organization and to distribute it among the school centers and various international organizations, particularly UNESCO.

3. Human rights and peace. Rapporteur: Professor Manuel Bianchi Gundian.

This paper was considered by the Commission at its eighteenth meeting, on April 27, 1962. It consists of an historical and analytical report on the international movement for the defense of human rights, relating it to peace as an essential factor for maintaining and respecting these rights. The Commission instructed the Secretariat to give wide circulation to the document (Doe. 26-IV).

4. The Relationship between the respect for human rights and the effective exercise of representative democracy. Rapporteur: Doctor Durward V. Sandifer.

At the eighteenth meeting on April 27, 1962, the Commission discussed the above paper, which was published in English by the Secretariat (Doc. 21-IV). It is an extensive study of the distinct parallels between representative democracy and the observance of human rights. In addition to an opening chapter devoted to the definition and comparison of concepts of representative democracy and human rights, the four remaining chapters of the study discuss the history of the inter-American system, the relationship between individual rights and representative democracy, the duties of man and the limitations to human rights and the final conclusions. The paper includes an extensive bibliography on the subject. As in the other studies, the Commission requested the Secretariat to translate this document into the other official languages of the Organization for international distribution.

In considering the aforementioned reports and studies, the Commission took special note of the cooperation offered by the Secretariat in their preparation particularly in respect to the works of Doctors Escudero and Sandifer. At the same time, the Secretariat was requested to collaborate with Doctor Galindo Pohl in preparing his report on the topic: "Comparison between the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the corresponding of the Constitutions of the American States".

X. NATIONAL COMMITTEES ON HUMAN RIGHTS

During the eighth and ninth meetings of the Fourth Session, the Commission considered the establishment of national committees in the American countries.

The Secretary of the Commission referred to the difficulties encountered in establishing national committees, and pointed out the need for determining a procedure for these purposes. Each member reported on the status of the negotiations in his country and contributed suggestions and observations in regard to the manner in which the creation of the committees should be expedited.

During the ninth meeting, on April 12, 1962 the Secretary reported on the activities carried out by the Secretariat in the various American countries with a view to orienting the formation of the committees. In addition the replies sent by the directors of the offices of the Pan American Union in the various countries were presented and a description was given of the conditions existing in each country regarding the possibilities for establishing the committees and some of the difficulties encountered in a few cases.

At the same ninth meeting on April 12, 1962 the Commission agreed to determine a series of rules of procedure for the establishment of the aforementioned committees. These rules were approved as follows:

1. To invite representative persons from the various Latin American countries to establish the National Committees on Human Rights in their respective countries in accordance with the resolution dated October 24, 1960.

2. To inform the organizations in the various American countries that are interested in the promotion or protection of human rights that the Commission will welcome any cooperation they may offer for the more effective performance of its functions and powers.

3. To request the Secretariat to obtain from the Department of State of the United States a list of organizations or associations concerned with human rights and, with the cooperation of Professor Durward V. Sandifer to select the most important of these. After this work is completed, the Commission will communicate with these organizations as provided for in Paragraph 2.

4. To instruct the Secretariat to send the aforesaid persons and organizations the resolution on national committees, basic documents, studies and reports of the Commission that are not confidential and to keep them informed of the activities of the Commission in promoting human rights.

XI. FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM

During the Third Session, the Commission recommended that the Secretariat prepare a report on the creation of a fellowship program in the field of human rights, as agreed to in the resolution approved at the First Session, as a part of the General Work Program of the Commission (Doc. 23-I).

At the ninth meeting, held on April 12, 1962, the Commission heard the preliminary report of the Secretary, who gave an account of the status of the negotiations undertaken by the Secretariat for the purpose of preparing the fellowship program. At the seventeenth meeting on April 26, 1962, the Secretary presented a final report to the Commission on the fellowship program (Doc. 25-IV). The preamble contains a summary of the procedure followed in preparing the program since the original resolution was adopted on October 27, 1960. A report was also given on the activities carried out by the Secretariat and by the members with several university professors and educational centers in the Americas, and on the consultations with the Technical Secretariat of the Fellowship Program of the OAS regarding the coordination of activities related to the proposed program of the Commission.

After making a thorough examination of the study prepared by the Secretariat, the Commission approved the following resolution on April 26, 1962:

WHEREAS:

It is the fundamental purpose of the Commission to promote respect for human rights and to this end it is necessary to facilitate an exchange of information on and knowledge of human rights among the peoples of the American states;

It is essential to encourage the study of human rights by means of fellowships for persons who, because of their interest in the subject and their qualifications, can contribute to the promotion of human rights;

Some universities and Latin American institutes have expressed an interest in establishing 4 or 5 month courses on human rights, and some universities in the United States propose to establish courses for the full academic year in the same field, and

The Organization of American States has a Fellowship Program and a Professorship Program,

THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS

RESOLVES:

1. To recommend that the governments of the member states of the Organization, in establishing their system of priorities for the OAS Fellowship Program, include human rights among their preferred subjects.

2. To recommend that the governments of the member states in which courses on human rights are given consider the possibility of granting fellowships to their nationals for the purpose of obtaining maximum publicity for these courses in their national territory,

3. To request that, in view of the importance of human rights, the Secretary General of the Organization include additional funds for the Fellowship Program in the next budget of the Pan American Union to attend to the new applications for fellowships in the field of human rights.

4. To request that, in the administration of the Professorship Program, the Secretary General of the Organization bear in mind the needs related to the courses on human rights and that if necessary a corresponding increase be requested in the budget of the Program.

5. To request or accept the cooperation of universities, institutes and other cultural entities in the American countries in the giving of courses or seminars on human rights and the granting of fellowships for study in this field.

6. To request that the Secretariat of the Commission, in coordination with the Technical Secretariat of the Fellowship Program of the Organization, establish the necessary agreements and mutual understandings with universities institutes and other cultural entities and with professors from the American countries, for carrying out the programs of study mentioned in this Resolution.

7. To instruct the Secretariat of the Commission to communicate with the universities and institutions that have made known their interest in establishing courses or seminars on human rights.9 for the purpose of informing them that the Commission has viewed with satisfaction the establishment of the aforementioned courses or seminars.

XII. COMMUNICATIONS TO THE GOVERNMENTS

In accordance with the Regulations, the Commission continued to transmit communications and complaints received to the governments of the countries

concerned. In addition it requested the governments to provide pertinent

information regarding reports of violations of human rights in their respective countries.

During the period covered by this report, the Commission received information from the following governments: Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay and United States. The Commission agreed to instruct the Secretariat to instruct the information received from the aforesaid governments to the persons or groups of persons whose reports led to the request for information.

XIII. NOTE TO THE COUNCIL OF THE OAS

As at previous sessions, the Commission agreed at the sixteenth meetings, on April 25, to send the following note to the Council of the Organization with a report of the work accomplished at the Fourth Session.

May 7, 1962

Mr. Chairman:

In accordance with the decision made in October 1961, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights held its Fourth Session from April 2 to 27, 1962.

The Commission held 18 meetings at its permanent headquarters in the Pan American Union during that Fourth Session.

During these meetings the Commission approved the report on the Third Session submitted by the Executive Secretary took cognizance of the report of the Subcommittee, which discussed 98 communications that were received between the Third and Fourth Sessions; considered 120 communications or claims regarding concrete cases of violations of human rights, and approximately 100 reports of an informative nature; approved a resolution regarding the fellowship program in the field of human rights and initiated the establishment of committees in charge cooperating with the work of the Commission. It also considered several topics in its general work program, including the preliminary draft Inter-American Agreement on Freedom of Expression, Information and Investigation prepared by Ambassador Gonzalo Escudero; the study on Human Rights at the level of School Children, prepared by Mrs. Angela Acuna de Chacon; the study on Human Rights and Peace, prepared. hy Professor Manuel Bianchi and a report on the Relationship between Respect for Human Rights and the Effective Exercise of Representative Democracy prepared by Professor Durward V. Sandifer.

Pursuant to the authorization given in Article 9(c)of its Statutes, the Commission prepared a report on the situation regarding human rights in the Dominican Republic and another on the situation regarding human rights in Cuba. I attach hereto copies of the aforementioned reports for the information of the Council of the Organization of American States.

The Commission in the exercise of its authority to promote respect for human rights, has been studying the situation regarding such rights in the American countries since the beginning of its work. In view of the fact that a large number of complaints and reports have been received regarding the situation of human rights in Nicaragua and Paraguay, the Commission is contemplating the possibility of holding meetings in the territories of these countries, in the exercise of the powers vested in it by Article 11(c)of its Statutes, and to this effect it will previously request the consent of the respective governments.

The Commission takes this Opportunity to remind you Mr. Chairman, and through you the Council of the OAS of the draft amendment submitted by it to the consideration of the Council in October 1960. The Commission trusts that the revision of the Statutes will be made in accordance with Resolution IX of the Eighth Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs.

Accept, Sirs, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.

(s) Manuel Bianchi

Acting Chairman

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

Doctor Alberto Zuleta Angel

Ambassador, Representative of Colombia

Chairman of the Council of the Organization

of American States

Washington, D.C.

XIV. REPORT TO THE ELEVENTH INTER-AMERICAN CONFERENCE

The Commission entrusted the Secretariat with the preparation of a draft report covering all of the work performed by this inter-American entity since it was created. This document will be presented to the members for consideration during the Fifth Session so that they may study and approve it for presentation to the Eleventh Inter-American Conference in the event that this Conference is held during the present year.

XV. DATE OF THE FIFTH SESSION

At the seventeenth meeting the Commission agreed to hold the Fifth Session on September 24, 1962.

It also established Monday, September 17, 1962, as the date for beginning the work of the subcommittee.

APPENDIX

DOCUMENTS OF THE INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS (OEA/ Ser.L/V)

Document Number Title

OEA/Ser.L/V/II.4 DOCUMENTS OF THE FOURTH SESSION

Doc. 1 Proyecto de Informe sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica Dominicana

Doc. 2 Proyecto de Informe sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica de Cuba

Doc. 3, Rev. Lista de comunicaciones recibidas por la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en el Cuarto Periodo de Sesiones

Doc. 4 Segundo Informe sobre libertad de expresion, informacion e investigacion

Embajador Gonzalo Escudero

Doc. 5 Informe sometido por la Subcomision a la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Doc. 6 Informe de la Secretaria sometido a la Comision en su Cuarto Periodo de Sesiones

Doc. 7 Acta Resumida de la Primera Sesion celebrada el 2 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Tercera Sesion del 4 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 8 Acta Resumida de La Segunda Sesion celebrada el 3 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Cuarta Sesion del 5 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 9 Acta Resumida de la Tercera Sesion celebrada el 4 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Quinta Sesion del 6 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 10 Acta Resumida de la Cuarta Sesion celebrada el 5 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Sexta Sesion del 9 de abril. de 1962)

Doc. 11. Acta Resumida de la Quinta Sesion celebrada el 6 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Septima Sesion del 10 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 12 Acta Resumida de la Sexta Sesion celebrada el 9 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Octava Sesion del 11 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 13 Acta Resumida de la Septima Sesion celebrada el 10 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Novena Sesion del 12 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 14 Acta Resumida de la Octava Sesion celebrada el 22 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decima Sesion del 16 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 15 Acta Resumida de la Novena Sesion celebrada el 12 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Undecima Sesion del 17 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 16 Acta Resumida de la Decima Sesion celebrada el 16 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada. en la Decimasegunda Sesion del 18 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 17 Cablegrama enviado por la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos al Gobierno de Cuba

Doc. 18 Acta Resumida de la Undecima Sesion celebrada el 17 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimatercera Sesion del 19 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 19 Acta Resumida de la Decimasegunda Sesion celebrada el 18 de abril de !962

(Aprobada en la Decimacuarta Sesion del 23 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 20 Acta Resumida de la Decimatercera Sesion celebrada el 19 de abril de l962

(Aprobada en la Decimaquinta Sesion del 24 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 21 The relations between the respect for human rights and the effective exercise of representative democracy Dr. Durward V. Sandifer

Doc. 22 Los derechos hurmanos al alcance de los ninos

Lcda. Angela Acuna de Chacon

Doc. 23 Acta Resumida de la Decimacuarta Sesion celebrada el 23 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimaseptima Sesion del 26 de abril. de 1962)

Doc. 24 Acta Resumida de la Decimaquinta Sesion celebrada el 24 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimaseptima Sesisn del 26 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 25 Programa de Becas de la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Doc. 26 La paz y los derechos humanos

Dr. Manuel Bianchi Gundian

Doc. 27 Acta Resumida de la Decimasexta Sesion celebrada el 25 de abri1 de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimaoctava Sesion del 27 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 28 Acta Resumida de la Decimaseptima Sesion celebrada el 26 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimaoctava Sesion del 27 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 29 Acta Resumida de la Decimaoctava Sesion celebrada el 27 de abril de 1962

(Aprobada en la Decimaoctava Sesion del 27 de abril de 1962)

Doc. 30 Informe sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica de Cuba

Doc. 31 Comunicado de prensa

Doc. 32 Informe sobre la situacion de los derechos humanos en la Republica Dominicana

Doc. 33 Documentos de la Comision Interamericana de Derechos Humanos registrados hasta el 12 de junio de 1962

Doc. 34* Informe sobre la labor desarrollada durante su Cuarto Periodo de Sesiones del 2 el 27 de abril de 1962

Doc. 35 Programs de Becas sobre derechos humanos (Resolucion)


* This document also published in English

CDH/196