Investigating Allegations of Staff Sexual Misconduct with Offenders

National Institute of Corrections
American University Washington College of Law
July 11 - 16, 2004

Faculty Biographies

Darrell W. Alley
Susan Carle
Dee Halley
Susan E. Poole
Brenda V. Smith
Melissa Turner


Darrell W. Alley

Mr. Alley is a 35 year sworn law enforcement veteran having served in Florida, Virginia, and Tennessee. He attended the Broward Community College at Ft. Lauderdale, received his Bachelors Degree from Covenant College(TN), and his Masters Degree from Tusculum College(TN). He is a graduate of the National Crime Prevention Institute, the Southern Police Institute at the University of Louisville, and the Tennessee Government Executive Institute at the University of Tennessee. He served as an adjunct faculty member at the Cleveland State Community College(TN), the Cleveland State Law Enforcement Training Center(TN), the Tennessee Correction Academy, and as a training consultant with the National Institute Of Corrections(NIC).

In May, 2003, he was selected to serve a 2 - 4 year assignment at NIC as Correctional Program Specialist. At the time of his appointment to NIC, he was serving as Director of Internal Affairs for the Tennessee Department of Correction. He reorganized, managed a reduction of force, and centralized Internal Affairs to report directly to the Commissioner of Correction. In that capacity, he directed state-wide investigative teams who were responsible for criminal and administrative investigations at all TDOC institutions, facilities, and work sites throughout Tennessee.

Immediately preceding his 1996 appointment as Director of Internal Affairs, he served for 11 years as the Chief Criminal Investigator for Jerry N. Estes, District Attorney General, 10th Judicial District of Tennessee. His duties included investigating, coordinating and/or monitoring all major investigations, facilitating victim/witness functions, and general administrative / management responsibilities. He also served as the investigators representative on Tennessee District Attorneys General Conference Advisory Committee.

Prior to his appointment in Tennessee, he served two years in the Carroll County (VA) Sheriff's Department. He served as Deputy Sheriff, Chief of Investigations, and Chief Deputy. During that assignment, he established that department's first formal criminal investigations unit and employee selection process.

Mr. Alley was employed 13 years with the Pompano Beach (FL) Police Department. He served as a patrol officer, covert operations officer, detective, Community Relations Unit supervisor, Crime Prevention Unit supervisor, Patrol shift commander, and as the commander of the Detective Division. Prior to his employment with the Pompano Beach Police Department, he served as a Military Police Officer in the Army Reserves.

He served in various capacities as a member of the Exchange Club, Rotary Club, and United Way. He is past Chaplain, Secretary, and Vice President of the National Internal Affairs Investigators Association. He maintains membership in the Tennessee Association of Chiefs of Police, Fraternal Order of Police, Tennessee Correction Association, American Correctional Association, and other professional organizations.

He and his wife, Laura, have been married for thirty-seven years and have two children and seven grandchildren. They attend the Bethel Assembly of God in Savage, Maryland. He previously served for seven years as Associate Pastor at the River of Life Assembly of God in Smyrna, Tennessee.


Susan Carle

Susan Carle is an Associate Professor of Law at American University Washington College of Law, where she teaches torts, labor and employment law, legal ethics, and externship seminars. Prior to joining the faculty in 1997, Prof. Carle practiced law in the areas of labor and employment, primarily representing employees and labor unions. Prior to that, she worked for two years for the United States Department of Justice arguing appeals in cases arising under federal anti-discrimination laws covering employment and other issues. She graduated from Yale Law School in 1988 and clerked for the Honorable Dolores K. Sloviter of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in 1988-1989.


Dee Halley

Correctional Program Specialist, National Institute of Corrections,
Administration Division: Special Projects
320 First Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20534;
800-995-6423, extension 40374; fax 202-307-3361;
e mail:dhalley@bop.gov

Involved in local corrections for 17 years through the Sheriff's Department in Boulder County, Colorado. During this time she served as a correctional officer, accreditation manager, transition coordinator, work release coordinator, and classification supervisor. From 1981 through 1986, Dee served as the NIC Area Resource Center Grant Coordinator. Working with the NIC Jails Division, she provided a number of training and consultant services in the areas of policy and procedures development, accreditation, staffing, legal issues, basic detention officer training, and jail planning and design.

In May of 1990, she began work as a Correctional Program Specialist for the NIC Jails Division. The majority of her work involved coordination of the Facility Development Program. This included: managing the Planning on New Institutions (PONI) and Jail Design Review programs, conducting reviews of proposed jail plans, and acting as the liaison to the American Institute of Architect's Committee on Architecture for Justice. While at the Jails Division she also coordinated technical assistance and training for agencies in the areas of accreditation, jail staffing, jail administration, and the Americans With Disabilities Act.

In August of 1994 Dee transferred to the NIC Academy Division. Her responsibilities have included coordination and training delivery for training programs addressing planning of new institutions for juvenile facilities, managing change, evaluation strategies, inter personal communications, and correctional boot camp design and implementation. Dee has also administered technical assistance awards and served for four years as the Southern Region Coordinator for the Academy's Regionalization Project.

Her primary focus has been correctional management and leadership training. This included coordination of the Correctional Leadership Development (CLD) and Management Development for the Future programs. To help enhance the delivery of these programs, she has been qualified to administer both the Benchmarks leadership assessment and Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Dee also managed the Correctional Core Competency Model project and began it's incorporation into the CLD program.

In March of 2002, Dee transferred to the NIC Special Projects Division. In addition to coordinating the Planning of New Institutions for Juvenile Facilities and Juvenile Transition and Activation Process programs, she coordinated various initiatives including the Native American Tribal Assistance Project, Staff Sexual Misconduct Initiative and the recently enacted Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA).


Susan E. Poole

Ms. Poole is a retired warden and is currently working extensively as a Criminal Justice Consultant, providing direct services to agencies in the areas of Staff Sexual Misconduct with Inmates, Working with Female Offenders, Institution Culture Assessment, Strategic Planning, and Executive Leadership Development for Women. Appointed to the position of Warden by the Governor of the state of California in September 1988, Ms. Poole served 13 years at the California Institution for Women in that capacity.

Ms. Poole's background includes 29 years in the field of Corrections with the California Department of Corrections (CDC). She began her career as a Teaching Assistant and was promoted through the custody ranks. She served at two correctional institutions and with three divisions in headquarters: Institutions, Administrative Services, and Manpower Services. Her experience and assignments have included a wide variety of field operations and staff assignments in Corrections' headquarters. While in CDC headquarters, she served in the capacity of Assistant Chief of Personnel, Classification Staff Representative, Chief of Institution Services, and Assistant Deputy Director Institutions Division. For the last thirteen years of her career in Corrections she served as Warden of the California Institution for Women (CIW). CIW is a 1,800 bed correctional facility which at one point reached a capacity of 2700 inmates.

Ms. Poole is a member of the American Correctional Association (ACA), the Association of Black Correctional Workers (ABCW), the Association of Women Executives in Corrections, and the National Association of Blacks In Criminal Justice. She chaired the Department's Training Advisory Committee for five and one-half years. In addition, Ms. Poole was selected as one of the Outstanding Young Women of America for 1983 and participated in the 1995 Leadership California Program. She has served as an appointed board member of the Mt. Baldy United Way, and Opportunities Unlimited, Inc., a youth outreach program. She was selected as California's nominee for Warden of the Year to the North American Association of Wardens and Superintendents in 1999. Ms. Poole has received numerous awards and recognition for her work in the community. She has provided consultant services to the National Institute of Corrections (NIC) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), to correctional agencies in a number of other states, and is a featured speaker at many community and academic programs. She has recently been selected by the Who's Who Historical Society as a member of their International Who's Who of Professionals for 2001.


Brenda V. Smith

Brenda V. Smith is an Associate Professor at the Washington College of Law at American University where she co-teaches in the Community Economic Development Law Clinic. Prior to joining the faculty at the Washington College of Law, Ms. Smith was Senior Counsel for Economic Security at the National Women's Law Center and Director of the Center's women in Prison Project and Child and Family Support Project. Ms. Smith is a 1984 graduate of Georgetown University Law Center and graduated magna cum laude from Spelman College in 1980.

Ms. Smith has a long history of work on issues affecting women and children involved in the criminal and juvenile justice systems dating back to her tenure as an attorney with the Public Defender Service of the District of Columbia. Ms. Smith combined her experiences at the Public Defender Service and the National Women's Law Center to create the Women in Prison Project, a legal services and education program which served over 6,000 incarcerated women during its eight-year existence. The program received both local and national recognition, receiving the Healthy Mothers Healthy Babies National Achievement Award in 1990, and the D.C. Commission for Women Community Services Organization of the Year Award in 1991.

Ms. Smith's professional activities and achievements include: Commissioner, National Prison Rape Reduction Commission; Project Director, National Institute of Corrections, U..S. Department of Justice Cooperative Agreement on Addressing Staff Sexual Misconduct with Inmates; senior counsel for Economic security, National Women's Law Center; Attorney, Public Defender Service of the District of Columbia. Ms. Smith has also explored and documented the interconnection between women's poverty and personal, social, and community development.

Ms. Smith is considered an expert on issues affecting women in prison and has published and spoken widely on those issues. Relevant publications on women in the criminal justice system include: An End to Silence: Women Prisoners' Handbook on Identifying and Addressing Sexual Misconduct (American University, 2002); "Incarceration," in Women's Health Across the Lifespan: A Comprehensive Perspective (Lippincott: 1997); A Vision Beyond Survival: A Resource Guide for Incarcerated Women (National Women's Law Center: Fall, 1995); Female Prisoners and AIDS: On the Margins of Public Health and Social Justice, 9 AIDS & Public Policy Journal 78 (Summer, 1994).

Ms. Smith has authored many works including: Watching You, Watching Me: Judicial Decision making on Cross Gender Supervision Claims of Male and Female Inmates (2004); Sexual Abuse of Women in Custody: A Modern Corollary of Slavery (2004); Battering, Forgiveness and Redemption (2004), Revisiting the Health Concerns of Imprisoned Women; A Ten Year Reappraisal (2004); "Incarceration," in Women's Health across the Lifespan: A Comprehensive Perspective (1997); A Vision beyond Survival: A Resource Guide for Incarcerated Women (1995); Female Prisoners and AIDS: On the Margins of Public Health and Social Justice.

Ms. Smith has received numerous honors, including the prestigious Kellogg National Fellowship in 1993, and was inducted into the D.C. Women's Hall of Fame in 1998 for her work on behalf of low-income women in the District of Columbia.


Melissa Turner

Melissa Turner is a clinical social worker with over fifteen years of clinical experience working with various populations. In Albany, New York, she began her professional career in an alternative sentencing program that advocated in the criminal courts for treatment oriented dispositions rather than incarceration. At the Washington VA Medical Center where she has worked for 11 years, Melissa has specialized in the psychosocial care and treatment of veterans with HIV/AIDS many of whom have a history of post traumatic stress disorder, sexual trauma, mental illness and addiction. As a private mental health consultant, Melissa has focused on women's issues and has facilitated psycho-educational groups for mandated clients in residential drug treatment. She is known for incorporating nontraditional expressive therapies such as meditation, aromatherapy, music, poetry, art and other techniques, into the traditional psychotherapeutic group setting. At Our Place, DC, an agency dedicated to assisting incarcerated women with reentering the community, Melissa is the clinical social work consultant and provides therapeutic intervention to formerly incarcerated women. Melissa received her Master of Social Work degree from the State University of New York at Albany, New York and lives in Washington, DC.



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