Hot Air

Hot Air Podcast

The American University Washington College of Law's Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law (PICEL) announces the premiere of "The Hot Air Show: Carbon Policies, Politics & Markets," a one-hour radio podcast featuring a roundtable discussion on clean energy and carbon issues. PICEL is collaborating with the American Bar Association's Energy and Environmental Markets and Finance Committee on "The Hot Air Show."

Currently, there is not a media outlet that provides public discussion and insight strictly on clean energy and carbon issues, this show seeks to fill that gap. "The Hot Air Show" will feature a directed roundtable discussion among a panel of energy and environmental market experts. Topics will vary by show.

"The Hot Air Show" premiered on September 17, 2010. Subscribe to "The Hot Air Show" by clicking on the links below and listen to the episodes. Episode 10 is now available for download. Stay tuned for more!

"The Hot Air Show" was created by Christopher B. Berendt, who is also the host of the show, and produced by Bill Snape.

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
Of Counsel, Drinker Biddle & Reath, LLP
Head, Environmental Markets Team

Christopher B. Berendt is of counsel in Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP's Environment and Energy Practice Group and heads its Environmental Markets Team. He concentrates his practice in the design and operations of the compliance and voluntary environmental markets, counseling clients on the creation and capture of environmental asset value on matters ranging from market/regulatory development and strategy through investments, project development, and transactions. Chris has more than a decade of experience working in the energy and environmental markets. He served most recently as vice president at Pace Global Energy Services, LLC, in Fairfax, Virginia, where he played a leading role in environmental asset disposition in several of that firm's largest renewable energy project engagements, including land-based and offshore wind, biomass, landfill gas, and PV array generation. Chris is well-versed in the current condition of the United States power markets, including the latest developments regarding Renewable Portfolio Standards (state programs and federal RES/CES proposals), the Renewable Energy Certificate and Energy Efficiency Certificate markets, standard offer service/feed-in-tariffs, as well as carbon/emissions market plays. Having focused extensively in the carbon markets since their inception, Chris counsels clients in the industrial, financial, and energy sectors in the design and execution of carbon strategy, regulatory, and legislative positioning, voluntary frameworks development, green investments, and complex transactions as well as green business development and integration. He also has been active advising carbon offset project developers, investors and offtakers on pre-compliance, compliance, and voluntary market origination. Additionally, Chris has worked on Capitol Hill helping to draft the first pieces of climate change legislation introduced. He specializes in advising clients on present-day transactions and regulatory strategies, structuring them to anticipate the design and development of future federal, state/regional, and international environmental regimes. Chris has taught on the graduate and undergraduate levels as well as testified before Congress. He earned his J.D., magna cum laude, at Vermont Law School, where he was the environmental editor and a member of the editorial board of the Law Review. Chris earned his bachelor's degree from Kenyon College with a synoptic (triple pronged) major and spent a year abroad at the University of Copenhagen.

Bill Snape, Producer
Attorney
William (Bill) J. Snape, III is senior counsel with the Center for Biological Diversity, and a Practitioner in Residence at the American University Washington College of Law. He is also head swim coach of the United States national deaf team that will compete at Deaflympics '13 in Bulgaria. Previously, Snape was vice president and chief counsel at Defenders of Wildlife for a decade. Snape has litigated global warming cases in federal court, and argued Center for Biological Diversity v. Interior (D.C. Cir. 2009), which rejected the federal government's plan for oil and gas drilling off the coast of Alaska in part because of climate change concerns. Snape is the author of numerous articles on natural resource issues, including Biodiversity and the Law published by Island Press. He is a magna cum laude graduate of the Honors College at the University of California, Los Angeles, and received his law degree from George Washington University, where he was also the assistant swim coach.

Episodes

Below is a brief description of the each episode and the names of the panelists. Each episode is hosted by Chris Berendt and features other expert panelists. Click on each episode to find more details about each episode and to download them.

Episode 1: September 17, 2010
Topics: What is the status of climate and energy legislation in the Senate this Fall? Why did the Kerry-Lieberman-Graham global warming bill collapse earlier this year in the Senate? What impact does other domestic legislation have?
Panelists: Bill Snape, Kevin Book, Robin Bravender, Toby Short, and Milo Sjardin

Episode 2: October 29, 2010
Topics: What happened in China at the climate talks leading up the UNFCCC's COP-16 in Cancun and what does it mean? An update on domestic policies in Congress and the EPA. Preview of the 2010 midterm elections in the US.
Panelists: Wiley Barbour, Kevin Book, Emilie Mazzacurati, Carroll Muffett, and Toby Short

Episode 3: December 17, 2010
Topics: What happened at COP-16 in Cancún?
Panelists: Bill Snape, Kevin Book, and Lisa Zelljadt

Epidsode 4: January 21, 2011
Topics: EPA regulation of greenhouse gas pollutants under the Clean Air Act: how will it work and what will be the political response?
Panelists: Bill Snape, Robin Bravender, Jeanette Pablo, and Michael Zimmer

Episode 5: March 11, 2011 at 9:00 A.M.
Topics: The current events in the Middle East and their potential affects on America's energy security. The immediate aftermath of the earthquake in Japan and nuclear energy. Legislation being discussed in Congress.
Panelists: Kevin Book, Toby Short, and Tyson Slocum

Episode 6: May 27, 2011
Topics: Energy subsidies and global energy markets. What is the future of the transportation sector and energy independence? Renewable vs. permanent subsidies? Tracing the price at the pump back to energy policy - how close is the link?
Panelists: Ryan Alexander, Kevin Book, Frank Maisano, and Ben Schreiber

Episode 7: August 25, 2011
Topics: The Clean Air Act and climate change at the EPA, including current regulatory efforts. Additionally, this episode featured a live studio audience who were able to ask questions of the panelists including Gina McCarthy, Assistant Administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation at the EPA.
Panelists: Peter Glaser, Gina McCarthy, and Bill Snape

Episode 8: December 22, 2011
Topics: What happened at COP-17 in Durban, South Africa?
Panelists: Wiley Barbour, Kevin Book, Carroll Muffett, Bill Snape, and Lisa Zelljadt

Episode 9a: March 19, 2012
Topics: SDLP Symposium, "On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development," Challenges and Opportunities in Alternative Energy Development (panel 1)
Panlists: Christopher Berendt, Michele Boyd, Kate Colarulli, Ann Mesnikoff, James McElfish, Amanda Leiter (moderator)

Episode 9b: March 19, 2012
Topics: SDLP Symposium, On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development," Perspectives on the Development of Public Lands and Natural Resources (panel 2)
Panelists: Lawrence Liebesman, Edwin Roberson, Tyson Slocum, Paul Smyth, Bill Snape (moderator)

Episode 9c: March 19, 2012
Topics: SDLP Symposium, "On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development," International Resources Conflicts (panel 3)
Panelists: Carl Bruch

Episode 10: September 14, 2012
Topics: The state of U.S. energy and greenhouse gas politics heading into the 2012 Elections.
Panelists: Kevin Book, Toby Short, Tyson Slocum, and Bill Snape

Episode 11: March 22, 2013
Topics: What can the Obama administration accomplish in its second term on climate and energy regulation, markets, and policy? What do the new cabinet nominations say about this effort? How relevant will Congress be?
Panelists: Kevin Book, Toby Short, Tyson Slocum, and Bill Snape

Episode 12: March 27, 2013
Topics: SDLP Symposium, "Global Perspectives on Environmental Justice," Climate Change and Environmental Justice (keynote)
Panelists: Bill Snape and Alice Kaswan

Episode 13: July 29, 2013
Topics: President Obama's Climate Plan
Panelists: Kevin Book, Jean Chemnick, Tyson Slocum

Episode 14(a): November 18, 2013
Topics: American University Law Review Symposium, "Climate Power Play: Financial, Legislative, and Regulatory Moves Toward a New Energy Economy," Energy Finance and Policy: Incentives and Investments (panel 1)
Panelists: Reed Hundt, Phyllis Cuttino, Roger Ballentine, David Hunter (moderator)

Episode 14(b): November 18, 2013
Topics: American University Law Review Symposium, "Climate Power Play: Financial, Legislative, and Regulatory Moves Toward a New Energy Economy," EPA's Proposed Clean Air Act Rules and Potential Effects on Industry and the Environment (panel 2)
Panelists: David Doniger, Michael Gerrard, Stephen Fotis, Jacob Hollinger, Bill Snape (moderator)

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 14(b): November 18, 2013

TOPICS
The second panel of the American University Law Review's annual symposium entitled "Climate Power Play: Financial, Legislative, and Regulatory Moves Toward a New Energy Economy," held on November 18 at McDermott, Will & Emery, focused on EPA's Proposed Clean Air Act Rules and Potential Effects on Industry and the Environment. Panelists discussed EPA's proposed rules under the Clean Air Act 111(B) and (D) to regulate emissions from new and existing power plants. Additionally, they discussed how the potential rules may lead to litigation. 

PARTICIPANTS

Bill Snape, Moderator
Attorney; Fellow and Practitoner-in-Residence, American University Washington College of Law
See Bill's biography above

PANELISTS

David Doniger
Policy Director, NRDC's Climate and Clean Air Program
David Doniger is policy director and senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council's Climate and Clean Air Program. Doniger has represented NRDC in many clean air cases, including Massachusetts v. EPA, the Supreme Court's landmark 2007 ruling that the Environmental Protection Agency must take action under the Clean Air Act to address the carbon pollution that causes global warming. He has also worked extensively under the Clean Air Act and the Montreal Protocol to protect the ozone layer by phasing out CFCs and dozens of other chemicals. Doniger served for eight years in the Clinton administration, primarily as director of climate change policy at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. He worked at NRDC from 1978 to 1993 and rejoined NRDC in 2001. Doniger holds a law degree and a masters degree in city and regional planning from the University of California, Berkeley and a bachelor of arts in history from Yale University. He is a member of the California and District of Columbia bars.

Stephen Fotis
Partner, Van Ness Feldman
Stephen Fotis heads Van Ness Feldman's Environmental Practice Group and specializes in federal and state environmental regulation. His work focuses on matters relating to the Clean Air Act and global climate change, as well as the Clean Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and other environmental statutes. Stephen provides advice and representation in legislative matters (including legislative drafting), agency rulemakings, appellate litigation, air permitting, environmental regulatory compliance, and advancement of emerging electric generation and pollution control technologies. He represents electric utilities, independent power producers, automobile manufacturers, petroleum refineries, governmental entities, and labor unions. He also provides counsel to numerous trade associations representing these industries. With respect to the Clean Air Act, Stephen has worked extensively on air policy, regulatory, and transactional matters for over 25 years. He is a leading authority on the regulation of stationary sources under the Clean Air Act, including the New Source Review program. He regularly advises clients on federal policy development through legislation and administrative rulemakings. This work has included the development of major Clean Air Act amendments and national rulemakings for implementing federal air regulatory programs as well as the implementation of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards, including the 8-hour ozone standard and the fine particulate matter standard. In addition, Stephen assists clients in the permitting of new facilities, a wide range of transactional matters, compliance assurance of federal and state air requirements, and the resolution of major enforcement actions. Stephen is a graduate of Dartmouth College, magna cum laude, and the American University Washington College of Law, where he served as Senior Articles Editor of the American University Law Review.

Michael Gerrard
Director, Center for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School
Michael B. Gerrard teaches courses on environmental law, climate change law, and energy law, and is director of the Center for Climate Change Law. He is also Associate Chair of the faculty of Columbia University's Earth Institute. From 1979 through 2008, he practiced environmental law in New York, most recently as partner in charge of the New York office of Arnold & Porter LLP. Upon joining the Columbia law faculty in 2009, he became Senior Counsel to the firm. His practice involved trying numerous cases and arguing many appeals in federal and state courts and administrative tribunals, handling the environmental aspects of numerous transactions and development projects, and providing regulatory compliance advice to a wide variety of clients in the private and public sectors. A prolific writer in environmental law and climate change, Gerrard twice received the Association of American Publishers' Best Law Book award for works on environmental law and brownfields. He has written or edited eleven books, including Global Climate Change and U.S. Law, the leading work in its field, and the twelve-volume Environmental Law Practice Guide. His ninth book, The Law of Clean Energy: Efficiency and Renewables, was published in 2011. His tenth book, The Law
of Adaptation to Climate Change: U.S. and International Aspects
, was published in September 2012. His eleventh book, Threatened Island Nations: Legal Implications of Rising Seas and a Changing Climate, was published in 2013. Since 1986 he has been an environmental law columnist for the New York Law Journal. Gerrard was the 2004-2005 chair of the American Bar Association's 10,000 member Section of Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources. He also chaired the Executive Committee of the New York City Bar Association, and the Environmental Law Section of the New York State Bar Association. He is a member of the executive committees of the boards of the Environmental Law Institute and the American College of Environmental Lawyers. Several independent rating services ranked Gerrard as the leading environemntal lawyer in New York and one of the leading envionmental lawyers in the world. He has taught courses at Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and New York University Law School, and was a visiting distinguished scholar at Vermont Law School. He has also lectured on environmental law in Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark, China, India, Japan, Chile, Canada, and throughout the United States.

Jacob Hollinger
Partner, McDermott, Will & Emery
Jacob Hollinger is a partner in the law firm of McDermott Will & Emery LLP and is based in the firm's New York office. His practice focuses on the environmental, regulatory, and litigation needs of energy and manufacturing sector entities. Prior to joining McDermott, Jacob spent nearly ten years as a government enforcement attorney, first with the New York State Attorney General's Office and later with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. As an Assistant Attorney General for New York State, he was New York's lead litigation counsel in several complex environmental and energy related matters. At EPA, Jacob served as the Acting Air Branch Chief for the EPA Region 2 Office of Regional Counsel. In that capacity, he supervised several staff attorneys and was EPA Region 2's senior counsel for all Clean Air Act enforcement, litigation, permitting, and rulemaking matters. Jacob is a graduate of Swarthmore College and earned his law degree at New York University. After law school, he was a motions law clerk for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and spent nearly six years as a litigation associate at another AmLaw 100 law firm. He is admitted to practice in New York and in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, as well as in the U.S. District Courts for the Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 14(a): November 18, 2013

TOPICS
The American University Law Review held its annual symposium entitled "Climate Power Play: Financial, Legislative, and Regulatory Moves Toward a New Energy Economy" on November 18 at McDermott, Will & Emery. This is the first in a series of podcasts from that symposium. This first panel focused on "Energy Finance and Policy: Incentives and Investments." Panelists discussed developments in the U.S. related to clean energy. Additionally, they discussed ways to increase investment in clean energy such as tax incentives and a more stable legislative framework.

PARTICIPANTS

David Hunter, Moderator
Professor, American University Washington College of Law, and Director, Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law
David Hunter is Professor of Law, Director of the International Legal Studies Program and Director of the Program on International and Comparative Environmental Law at American University Washington College of Law. He teaches International and Comparative Environmental Law and the law of torts. Professor Hunter is the former Executive Director of the Center for International Environmental Law, a non-governmental organization dedicated to protecting the global environment through the use of international law. He was formerly an environmental consultant to the Czech and Slovak environment ministries, an environmental associate at the law firm of Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, and executive director of WaterWatch of Oregon, a non-profit organization dedicated to improving western water laws. He currently serves on the Boards of Directors of the Bank Information Center, Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide-US, EarthRights International, and the Project on Government Oversight (chair), and is a Board Member and Member Scholar of the Center for Progressive Reform. He is also a member of the Organization of American States' Expert Group on Environmental Law, the Steering Committee of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, and the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman's Strategic Advisors Group. He is a 1983 graduate of the University of Michigan with majors in economics and political science and a 1986 graduate of Harvard Law School. Professor Hunter is the author of many articles on international environmental law, and is co-author of International Environmental Law and Policy (Foundation Press) and Climate Change and the Law (LexisNexis Publishing).

PANELISTS

Roger Ballentine
President, Green Strategies, Inc.
Roger Ballentine is the President of Green Strategies Inc., where he provides management consulting services to corporate and financial sector clients on sustainability strategy, investment and transaction evaluation and execution, project development, and the integration of public policy considerations into business strategy. He is also a Venture Partner with Arborview Capital LLC, a private equity firm making growth capital investments in the clean energy and energy efficiency sectors. Previously, Roger was a senior member of the White House staff, serving President Bill Clinton as Chairman of the White House Climate Change Task Force and Deputy Assistant to the President for Environmental Initiatives. Prior to being named Deputy Assistant, he was Special Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs where he focused on energy and environmental issues. Before joining the White House, Roger was a partner at Patton Boggs LLP. Over the years, he has acquired a wealth of experience and knowledge of the energy sector, financial markets, and environmental business practices as well as the politics, players, and trends in the envergy and environmental landscape in Washington, D.C. Building on this expertise, Roger has helped clients develop business strategies, make better investment decisions, communicate their views to key policymakers and stakeholders, and build critical alliances and partnerships. Some of his work includes assisting Wal-Mart in executing on its leading-edge sustainability commitments, helping LG Electronics focus on maximizing competitive advantage in energy efficient product offerings, and organizing industry support for cleaner coal technologies. He also helped design the environmental blueprint and clean energy strategy that were critical to the successful completion of what was at the time the largest private equity transaction in U.S. history involving a major Texas utility. Roger currently serves on the Boards of Directors of Perillon Software Inc., Paragon Airheater Technologies, Inc., and Energy Automation Systems, Inc., as well as on the Advisory Boards of the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Gridpoint, C3, Inflection Pont Capital, the Association of Rare Earth (RARE), and the American Council on Renewable Energy (ACORE), where he was founding Board member in 2001. Roger also serves on the Selection Committee for the United Arab Emirates' (UAE) Zayed Future Energy Prize and is the Co-Chair of the Aspen Institute's Clean Energy Forum. IN ddition to being a frequent speaker, media commentator, and author, he has been a Lecturer on law at Harvard Law School teaching in the area of energy and climate policy and is a Senior Fellow at the Progressive Policy Institute in Washington, D.C. Roger is a Magna CUm Laude graduate of the University of Connecticut and a Cum Laude graduate of the Harvard Law School. He is a member of the Connecticut, District of Columbia, and the United States Supreme Court bars.

Phyllis Cuttino
Director, Pew Charitable Trusts Clean Energy Program
Phyllis Cuttino is Director of Pew's Clean Energy Program, which works to accelerate the clean energy economy in order to seize its economic, national security, and environmental benefits for the nations. Pew advocates for national energy policies that enhance industrial energy efficiency, expand energy research and development, and deploy advanced transportation and renewable technologies. She joined Pew Charitable Trusts in 2007 as project director for the Pew Campaign for Fuel Efficiency, which played a critical role in passage for the first increase in federal fuel efficiency standards for cars and light trucks in more than 30 years. Cuttino has a background in policy, strategic communications, and campaigns. In the policy arena, she worked on the senior staffs of two U.S. senators. In philanthropy, she served as vice president of public affairs for Ted Turner's $1 billion gift to U.N. causes. As a senior vice president at a consulting firm in Washington, Cuttino helped Fortune 500 companies and nongovernmental organizations to influence public policy and increase awareness of critical issues. She has directed issue advocacy campaigns and served in various roles for political campaigns. Cuttino holds a bachelor's degree in political science and history from Furman University.

Reed Hundt
CEO, Coalition for Green Capital
Reed Hundt is the CEO of the Coalition for Green Capital, a non-profit group that promotes the development of National and State green banks. He is also a principal at REH Advisors, an advisory firm serving private firms. Prior to that, he was chairman of the Federal Communications Commission from 1993 to 1997, and he was on Barack Obama's 2008-2009 Presidential transition team. Hundt currently sits on the boards of directors of Intel Corporation, ASSIA, a communications software firm, and Kno, Inc., the education software company. He also serves on the boards or as an advisor at the United Negro College Fund; GTCR, a private equity firm; the Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority of Connecticut; the Advanced Energy Economy Institute; Yale School of Management; Peek, INc., a mobile technology company; Level Financial; SmartSky Networks; HaloNeuro; DataMi; and Mytonomy, a social network for college planning. Hundt has written many articles and four books: Zero Hour: Time to Rebuild the Clean Power Platform (E-Book; Odyssey, 2013), The Politics of Abundance: How Technology Can Fix the Budget, Revive the American Dream, and Establish Obama's Legacy (E-Book; Odyssey 2012), and In China's Shadow: The Crisis of American Entrepreneurship (Yale University Press, 2000). He graduated from Yale College and Yale Law School.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 13: July 29, 2013

TOPICS
At the end of June, President Barack Obama gave a speech and laid out his plan for addressing climate change, including how to adapt to changes and how to decrease the U.S.'s greenhouse gas emissions. This show will address the following questions: What does the Obama Climate Plan mean? What does the President’s plan actually contain and not contain? How crucial is the nomination of Gina McCarthy to the effort?

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris above.

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Jean Chemnick
Reporter, Environment & Energy Publishing
Jean Chemnick covers the policy and politics of climate change for Environment & Energy Publishing. She tracks congressional legislation, agency rulemakings, public opinion, and international policy developments for three publications: E&E Daily, Greenwire, and E&EPM. Before coming to E&E, Chemnick did stints at Platts, Politico, and CQ covering a variety of topics including Congress and influence and lobbying.

Tyson Slocum
Director, Public Citizen's Energy Program
Tyson Theron Slocum joined Public Citizen's Energy Program in 2000 and is Director, promoting decentralized, sustainable energy, and providing affordable clean energy solutions for working families. Tyson covers the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and petroleum markets, including commodity futures and FERC-jurisdictional matters to promote stronger transparency measures. Tyson was appointed to serve on the CFTC's newly created Energy & Environmental Markets Advisory Committee. Tyson also covers federal legislative efforts to address climate change, particularly the impact such programs will have on the ability to moderate- and low-income households to afford access to sustainable energy. Tyson has expertise on federal subsidies for the energy sector, and promotes refocusing such incentives away from the nuclear, oil, and coal industries towards efficiency, renewable energy, and mass transit. Tyson is the author of numerous reports on these subjects presenting his findings in testimony before the U.S. Congress. He appears regularly in radio, print, and television media, including guest appearances on The Colbert Report. Prior to Public Citizen, Tyson was a policy analyst at the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and grew up in Newport, Rhode Island.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 12: March 27, 2013

TOPICS
The Sustainable Development Law & Policy Publication held its annual symposium entitled "Global Perspectives on Environmental Justice" on March 27. Professor Alice Kaswan delivered the keynote address: "Seven Principles for Equitable Climate Adaptation." This address focused on environmental justice issues related to climate change.

PARTICIPANTS

Bill Snape, Moderator
Attorney; Fellow and Practitoner-in-Residence, American University Washington College of Law
See Bill's biography above

PANELISTS

Alice Kaswan
Professor, University of San Francisco School of Law
Professor Alice Kaswan is an expert on climate change and on environmental justice. Her scholarship explores the environmental justice implications of climate policy. In addition to recent articles on climate adaptation and equity, she has written about the environmental justice implications of climate mitigation policies, focusing particularly on carbon trading. She has also written extensively about climate federalism, with articles analyzing the need for new models of shared federal, state, and local governance over climate mitigation and adaptation strategies. Her work also explores the intersection between environmental justice and climate change policy, with special emphasis on the environmental justice implications of cap-and-trade programs for greenhouse gases. Professor Kaswan is a frequent commentator on federal and state climate policy and has provided comments to the California Air Resources Board and other institutions implementing climate change law. She is a member scholar of the Center for Progressive Reform and serves on the Association of American Law Schools’ Environmental Law Section Executive Committee. She received her JD from Harvard Law School and her BS from the University of California, Berkeley.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 11: March 22, 2013

TOPICS
On January 20, 2013, President Obama officially began his second term as President and in his inaugural address he made statements about the need to address climate change and protect the planet for our children's future. What can the Obama administration accomplish in its second term on climate and energy regulation, markets, and policy? What do the new cabinet nominations for the Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, and Department of Interior say about this effort? How relevant will Congress be?

Participants

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris above.

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Toby S. Short
Duke Energy
Toby S. Short is a Director of Federal Governmental Affairs for Duke Energy Company in Washington, D.C. Before joining Duke Energy, Mr. Short worked on energy and environmental issues for more than a decade in the United States Senate for Senator Fritz Hollings from South Carolina and Senator Byron Dorgan from North Dakota. Additionally, he served as a Policy Advisor on energy and environmental issues for Governor Kathleen Blanco of Louisiana. A native of South Carolina, he is a graduate of Newberry College with a B.A. in History and Political Science and received his J.D. from George Mason School of Law.

Tyson Slocum
Director, Public Citizen's Energy Program
Tyson Theron Slocum joined Public Citizen's Energy Program in 2000 and is Director, promoting decentralized, sustainable energy, and providing affordable clean energy solutions for working families. Tyson covers the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and petroleum markets, including commodity futures and FERC-jurisdictional matters to promote stronger transparency measures. Tyson was appointed to serve on the CFTC's newly created Energy & Environmental Markets Advisory Committee. Tyson also covers federal legislative efforts to address climate change, particularly the impact such programs will have on the ability to moderate- and low-income households to afford access to sustainable energy. Tyson has expertise on federal subsidies for the energy sector, and promotes refocusing such incentives away from the nuclear, oil, and coal industries towards efficiency, renewable energy, and mass transit. Tyson is the author of numerous reports on these subjects presenting his findings in testimony before the U.S. Congress. He appears regularly in radio, print, and television media, including guest appearances on The Colbert Report. Prior to Public Citizen, Tyson was a policy analyst at the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and grew up in Newport, Rhode Island.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill above.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 10: September 14, 2012

TOPICS
This edition discusses and debates the state of U.S. energy and greenhouse gas politics heading into the 2012 Elections.  There have been several significant Clean Air Act judicial decisions over the past few months, and both major presidential candidates have mentioned clean energy and climate change as part of their overall approach to government.  What U.S. energy and climate policy will remain regardless of the federal elections?  What U.S. energy and climate policies are most at stake in the elections?  Join our Hot Air experts in blowing some steam on these important subjects!

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris above.

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Toby S. Short
Duke Energy
Toby S. Short is a Director of Federal Governmental Affairs for Duke Energy Company in Washington, D.C. Before joining Duke Energy, Mr. Short worked on energy and environmental issues for more than a decade in the United States Senate for Senator Fritz Hollings from South Carolina and Senator Byron Dorgan from North Dakota. Additionally, he served as a Policy Advisor on energy and environmental issues for Governor Kathleen Blanco of Louisiana. A native of South Carolina, he is a graduate of Newberry College with a B.A. in History and Political Science and received his J.D. from George Mason School of Law.

Tyson Slocum
Director, Public Citizen's Energy Program
Tyson Theron Slocum joined Public Citizen's Energy Program in 2000 and is Director, promoting decentralized, sustainable energy, and providing affordable clean energy solutions for working families. Tyson covers the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and petroleum markets, including commodity futures and FERC-jurisdictional matters to promote stronger transparency measures. Tyson was appointed to serve on the CFTC's newly created Energy & Environmental Markets Advisory Committee. Tyson also covers federal legislative efforts to address climate change, particularly the impact such programs will have on the ability to moderate- and low-income households to afford access to sustainable energy. Tyson has expertise on federal subsidies for the energy sector, and promotes refocusing such incentives away from the nuclear, oil, and coal industries towards efficiency, renewable energy, and mass transit. Tyson is the author of numerous reports on these subjects presenting his findings in testimony before the U.S. Congress. He appears regularly in radio, print, and television media, including guest appearances on The Colbert Report. Prior to Public Citizen, Tyson was a policy analyst at the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and grew up in Newport, Rhode Island.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill above.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 9c: March 19, 2012

TOPICS
The Sustainable Development Law and Policy publication held their annual symposium entitled "On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development" on March 19. This is the third in a series of podcasts from that symposium. This panel focused on international conflicts over natural resources. This included a discussion of the formation and resolution of natural resource conflicts and post-conflict peacebuilding strategies. International environmental laws and policies as they relate to these conflicts will also be discussed.

PARTICIPANTS/PANELISTS

Carl Bruch
Senior Attorney and Co-Director of International Programs, Environmental Law Institute
Carl Bruch is a Senior Attorney and Co-Director of International Programs at the Environmental Law Institute and is co-chair of the IUCN CEL Specialist Group on Armed Conflict and the Environment. His research focuses on making environmental law work. He has extensive experience internationally in helping countries develop and implement laws, policies, and institutional frameworks to effectively manage water resources, biodiversity, forests, and other natural resources. He is an authority on public participation in environmental decisionmaking and in the means to prevent, reduce, mitigate, and compensate for damage to the environment during armed conflict. He edited and co-edited six books including The Environmental Consequences of War: Legal, Economic, and Scientific Perspectives (Cambridge University Press 2000), and authored dozens of scholarly articles. He holds a JD from Northwestern School of Law of Lewis & Clark College, a MA in physics from the University of Texas at Austin, and a BS in physics from Michigan State University.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 9b: March 19, 2012

TOPICS
The Sustainable Development Law and Policy publication held their annual symposium entitled "On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development." This is the second in a series of podcasts from that symposium. This panel focused on the development of public lands including natural resource extraction. What does development on federal public lands mean?

PARTICIPANTS

Bill Snape, Moderator
Attorney, Environmental Law Research Fellow, American University Washington College of Law
See Bill's biography above.

PANELISTS

Lawrence Liebesman
Partner, Holland & Knight, LLP
Lawrence Liebesman is a Partner at Holland and Knight, LLP. He has participated in landmark Clean Water Act (CWA) and Endangered Species Act (ESA) cases. He has authored amicus briefs in seven major environmental cases before the United States Supreme Court and has testified before the House Natural Resources Committee on proposed legislation to reform the ESA. He is the co-author of the Endangered Species Act Desk Book: a Guide to Endangered Species Law for the Environmental Law Institute (2nd Ed., 2010).  Mr. Liebesman counsels clients on environmental risks and strategies. He has negotiated permits for large scale commercial, residential, public works, and mining projects and has successfully defended challenges to those permits in federal court. He also represents municipalities and public works agencies on waste water and storm water issues. Prior to entering private practice, Mr. Liebesman spent 11 years as a Senior Trial Attorney at the Department of Justice (DOJ), including a one-year detail to the President's Council on Environmental Quality during the Carter Administration. Prior to his DOJ service, he spent two years at EPA's Office of Federal Activities, EPA's NEPA oversight office. He received his J.D. from the George Washington University Law School and his B.A. from Rutgers University.

Edwin Roberson
Assistant Director of Renewable Resources and Planning, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of Interior
Ed Roberson was selected in August, 2007 as the Assistant Director for Renewable Resources and Planning.  Prior to his selection he was the Las Cruces District Manager.  During his tenure as manager of the Las Cruces District, Roberson oversaw the completion of the Otero and Sierra Counties Fluid Minerals Resource Management Plan Amendment.  Roberson also serves on the BLM’s national budget strategy team.  While in the Roswell Field Manager position, Roberson was named 2001 BLM New Mexico Manager of the year.  His office received the 2002 President’s award by the Wildlife Management Institute.  In his 27-year BLM career, he has served at the project, field, district, state, and national office levels of the Bureau. Roberson has a Bachelor of Science in Business, and Masters of Urban and Regional Planning from Auburn University. He has been married to wife Mary for 30 years.  His daughter, Julie, is married to Captain Shawn McNicol, have two girls, Rowan and Briar. Julie has a Bachelor degree from New Mexico State University and an MBA.  His son, Cason, graduated from Auburn University, is married to Shelley and is finishing dental school.  Ed enjoys all types of outdoor activities and is a jogger.

Tyson Slocum
Director, Public Citizen's Energy Program
Tyson Theron Slocum joined Public Citizen's Energy Program in 2000 and is Director, promoting decentralized, sustainable energy, and providing affordable clean energy solutions for working families. Tyson covers the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and petroleum markets, including commodity futures and FERC-jurisdictional matters to promote stronger transparency measures. Tyson was appointed to serve on the CFTC's newly created Energy & Environmental Markets Advisory Committee. Tyson also covers federal legislative efforts to address climate change, particularly the impact such programs will have on the ability to moderate- and low-income households to afford access to sustainable energy. Tyson has expertise on federal subsidies for the energy sector, and promotes refocusing such incentives away from the nuclear, oil, and coal industries towards efficiency, renewable energy, and mass transit. Tyson is the author of numerous reports on these subjects presenting his findings in testimony before the U.S. Congress. He appears regularly in radio, print, and television media, including guest appearances on The Colbert Report. Prior to Public Citizen, Tyson was a policy analyst at the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and grew up in Newport, Rhode Island.

Paul Smyth
Of Counsel, Perkins Coie
Paul Smyth is Of Counsel in the Environment, Energy & Resources practice at Perkins Coie. His practice centers on federal permitting and enforcement issues, including permitting for solar and wind energy facilities, electric transmission lines, and oil and gas pipelines as well as defending enforcement actions against federal lessees and permittees. Recently retired as the Associate Solicitor of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Paul is the recipient of the 2010 Environment, Energy, and Resources Government Attorney of the Year Award from the American Bar Association. He has practiced law for over thirty-seven years and has broad experience in water, public land, offshore oil and gas, onshore and offshore renewable energy resources, Indian and environmental law. Paul supervised all the legal work for the Department of Interior (DOI) Solicitor's office involving minerals and offshore alternative energy matters for the Minerals Management Service (MMS) and minerals matters for the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). He also served in numerous other legal capacities within DOI's Solicitor's Office, including acting as the Secretary's interim Director of the Office of Hearings and Appeals and Counselor to the Solicitor and Director of the Indian Trust Litigation Office. Paul received his J.D. from Boston College Law School and his B.A. from Trinity College.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 9a: March 19, 2012

TOPICS
The Sustainable Development Law and Policy publication held their annual symposium entitled "On the Brink: Environmental Conflicts Along the Path to Sustainable Development." This is the first in a series of podcasts from that symposium. This first panel focused on challenges and opportunities in the transition to alternative energy. Panelists discussed alternative energy sources including solar and wind. It also touched on carbon taxes. Further, panelists discussed the need to move away from oil and coal extraction.

PARTICIPANTS

Amanda Cohen Leiter, Moderator
Associate Professor of Law, American University Washington College of Law
Amanda Leiter teaches environmental law, administrative law, and torts, and her research interests include administrative law and process, and domestic environmental law and policy. Before joining the WCL faculty in the fall of 2011, Professor Leiter was an associate professor at Catholic University’s Columbus School of Law. Prior to that, she was a Beagle/HLS fellow at the Natural Resources Defense Council, where she developed and pursued federal appeals court challenges to EPA rules governing industrial air pollution. She also clerked for Judge Nancy Gertner of the Federal District Court for the District of Massachusetts; for Judge David Tatel of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals; and for Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens. She is admitted to practice before the District of Columbia, the States of Colorado and Massachusetts, and the U.S. Supreme Court. Professor Leiter holds a J.D. from Harvard Law School, an M.S. from the University of Washington, an M.S. from Stanford University, and a B.S. from Stanford University.

PANELISTS

Christopher Berendt, Creator
Of Counsel, Drinker Biddle
See biography of Chris above.

Michele Boyd
Government Relations Manager, Abengoa Solar
Michele Boyd is the former director of the Safe Energy Program at Physicians for Social Responsibility. Previously, Michele was the legislative director of Public Citizen’s Energy Program where she advocated for sound federal energy legislation and led the coalition to terminate the federal reprocessing program (GNEP). She also led the development of the first public interest consensus statement on spent fuel management, supported by over 170 national and grassroots organizations. Prior to that, Michele was the Global Outreach Coordinator and Staff Scientist at the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER), where she promoted nuclear weapons disarmament and clean-up of the nuclear weapons complex in the US and Russia. She co-authored two reports on threats to groundwater from buried waste at nuclear weapons complex sites. Michele has a master’s degree in environmental policy from the University of Michigan and two bachelor’s degrees in biology and agriculture from Purdue University.

Kate Colarulli
Associate Campaign Director, Beyond Oil Campaign, Sierra Club
Kate Colarulli is the Associate Campaign Director of the Sierra Club’s Beyond Oil campaign and oversees the Club’s Dirty Fuels Initiative with the mission of slowing and eventually ending the use of high carbon fuels. Kate also co-directs the Club’s Environmental Apprentice program, an initiative dedicated to building the next generation of environmental leaders. Before coming to the Sierra Club in 2009, Kate consulted for the Environment Agency, the British version of the EPA, and then Fairtrade U.K. on sustainable third world agricultural energy solutions. Kate began her career working for a homeless family service provider before moving on to help build the largest non-profit foreclosure prevention program in the United States at NeighborWorks America. Kate holds a B.A. from Stanford University and a MBA from the University of Cambridge.

James McElfish
Senior Attorney, Director of the Sustainable Land Use Program, Environmental Law Institute
James McElfish is a Senior Attorney and Director of the Sustainable Land Use Program at the Environmental Law Institute in Washington, D.C. Mr. McElfish’s research focuses on development choices and their links to water resources, biological diversity, and infrastructure policy. ELI’s Sustainable Use of Land Program makes connections among state laws, policies, taxes, investments, and land use outcomes. McElfish served as representative of the natural environment on the American Planning Association’s multi-year Growing Smarter Legislative Guidebook Directorate. McElfish also leads ELI programs on water resources, examining how watersheds and resources can be evaluated, used, conserved, and restored. He is a nationally recognized authority on NEPA and a former litigator in private practice and with the Department of the Interior. McElfish has been an ELI Senior Attorney since 1986. He received his J.D. from Yale Law School and a B.A. from Dickinson College.

Ann Mesnikoff
Director, Green Transportation Campaign, Sierra Club
Ann Mesnikoff is the Director of the Green Transportation Campaign at the Sierra Club.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 8: December 22, 2011

TOPICS
What happened at COP-17?
The Seventeenth Conference of the Parties (COP-17) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change concluded in the wee hours of the morning on December 11, 2011 in Durban, South Africa after negotiating for two weeks (from November 28 to December 9). COP-17 represented an important COP given that the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol will end on December 31, 2012, and this was one of the last chances to make a decision on further commitment periods. Therefore, COP-17 focused heavily on what will happen to the Kyoto Protocol after 2012 and on creating a framework for a legally binding agreement that all parties would be a part of for the future. In addition to these two overarching themes, there was a significant amount of focus on operationalizing various elements of the Cancun Agreements including the Green Climate Fund, the Adaptation Committee, and the Climate Technology Center and Network. In the end, after an extra day of negotiating, Parties finally agreed on the "Durban Package." The three pillars of this are the Durban Platform, which is an agreement to create a legally binding agreement for all parties under the Convention by 2015, the adoption of the governing report for the Green Climate Fund, and the decision of the AWG-KP, in which the Parties agreed to a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. To reach a compromise that all Parties could agree to, many of the decisions taken at COP-17 delayed making concrete decisions on controversial issues, for example, the agreement on the Kyoto Protocol did not establish a time frame for the second commitment period, but rather left that to COP-18. Additionally, other decisions were agreed on, and all decisions taken at COP-17 can be found here. The elements of the Durban Package will be discussed on "The Hot Air Show."

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris above.

PANELISTS

Wiley Barbour
Vice President - Corporate Development, Camco North America
Wiley Barbour is the Vice-President - Corporate Development for Camco North America, a global developer of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction and clean energy projects. Prior to joining Camco, Mr. Barbour was the Executive Director of Environmental Resources Trust (ERT), a national non-profit organization dedicated to harnessing the power of markets to protect the environment. While at ERT, he worked on GHG measurement and verification standards and provided advisory services, policy analysis, and technical support to numerous government and corporate clients. In 2008, after successfully leading ERT into a merger with Winrock International in 2007, he founded American Carbon Registry, which continues to support early action to reduce GHG emissions. From 1995 to 2001, Mr. Barbour served in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Policy Office. At the EPA, he directed the U.S. Government's Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory Program and participated in the international negotiations on climate change. He contributed to the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), chairing several expert groups while contributing to the development of the IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories, the IPCC Good Practice Guidance, and the Common Reporting Framework for the UNFCCC. Mr. Barbour also worked as a consultant and senior air pollution engineer at Radian Corporation and served with the State of Florida's Department of Environmental Regulation as a landfill inspector. He is a licensed professional engineer with a B.S. in Environmental Engineering from the University of Florida.

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Carroll Muffett
President and Chief Executive Officer, Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
Carroll Muffett is the newly appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), which is a leading non-profit that uses international law and institutions to defend the right to a healthy planet. Before becoming the President of CIEL, Mr. Muffett was the Executive Director of the Climate Law and Policy Project. Prior to that, he was the Deputy Campaigns Director at Greenpeace USA where he was instrumental in the organization's campaigns on global warming, forests, and other issues. From 2000 to 2006, Mr. Muffett was international counsel and Senior Director for International Conservation at Defenders of Wildlife. Before joining Defenders, he was an attorney with Covington & Burling and served as a legal fellow at CIEL. Additionally, Mr. Muffett is a member of the IUCN's Commission on Environmental Law and serves on the Board of Directors for the Species Survival Network and on the Board of Editors for the International Journal of Wildlife Law and Policy. A native of Kentucky, he is a graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School and Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill above.

Lisa Zelljadt
Senior Analyst, Point Carbon
Elizabeth (Lisa) Zelljadt is a senior analyst in Point Carbon Thomson Reuters’ North American research group, where she focuses on regional and federal climate change policy in the US and Canada as well as forest carbon policies. She is responsible for educational initiatives in North America, teaching Point Carbon’s training courses and joint programs with academic institutions. Lisa previously worked as a journalist, covering North American climate change policy and market development as well as international climate change negotiations. She has also worked with the European Environment and Sustainable Development Advisory Councils and non-governmental organizations in the US. Lisa holds a Master of Environmental Policy from the University of Greifswald, Germany, as well as a B.A. in political science from Northwestern University.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 7: August 25, 2011

TOPICS
The Clean Air Act and climate change at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), including a discussion of the major regulatory efforts the EPA is endeavoring to put in place. This episode also featured a live studio audience.

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris above.

PANELISTS

Gina McCarthy
Assistant Administrator for the Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
As Assistant Administrator for EPA's Office of Air and Radiation (OAR), Gina McCarthy has been a leading advocate for win-win strategies to confront climate change and strengthen our green economy. During her tenure, OAR has taken important steps to limiting greenhouse gas emissions, including the Endangerment Finding, the Mandatory Reporting Rule, the first tailpipe greenhouse gas emissions standard for passenger vehicles, and the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Tailoring Rule. These rules are common sense ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and protect public health and the environment. Prior to her confirmation, Ms. McCarthy served as the Commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. In her 25 year career, she has worked at both the state and local levels on critical environmental issues and helped coordinate policies on economic growth, energy, transportation, and the environment. She also has extensive experience with the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, the nation's first market-based greenhouse gas cap-and-trade system. Ms. McCarthy received a B.A. in Social Anthropology from the University of Massachusetts at Boston, and a joint Master of Science in Environmental Health Engineering and Planning and Policy from Tufts University.

Peter Glaser
Partner, Troutman Sanders, LL.P.
Peter Glaser is a Partner at Troutman Sanders, LL.P. where he works in the energy and environmental law fields. Peter represents electric utility, mining, and other energy industry companies and associations, as well as other businesses, on regulatory and commercial matters. He specializes in environmental regulation and litigation, particularly in the area of air quality and global climate change. Peter has participated in numerous EPA rulemakings and judicial appeals and in various state, federal, and local siting and permitting proceedings. Given his strong background, he has twice been asked to testify before Congress on climate change issues. Peter has also represented numerous coal producers and coal purchasers on a variety of commercial and contract matters, including litigated disputes, and his experience extends to proceedings before the STB and FERC. He received a J.D. from George Washington University and a B.A. from Middlebury College.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill above.

From left to right, Peter Glaser, Gina McCarthy, Chris Berendt, and Bill Snape discuss the Clean Air Act.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 6: May 27, 2011

TOPICS
This show will focus on energy subsidies and global energy markets. Panelists will discuss how energy subsidy issues impact domestic and global energy flows. Potential topics to be discussed include: What is the future of our transportation sector and energy independence? Renewable vs. permanent subsidies? Tracing the price at the pump back to energy policy - how close is the link?

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris below (updated: February 2011)

PANELISTS

Ryan Alexander
President, Taxpayers for Common Sense
Ryan Alexander joined Taxpayers for Common Sense as president in November 2006, after serving on the board for more than 7 years. Over the past two decades, Ryan has served as a non-profit advocate, manager, funder, and consultant to Taxpayers for Common Sense. Previously, she served as Executive Director of the Common Cause Education Fund, the research and education affiliate of Common Cause, a consultant to foundations and advocacy organizations, a foundation program officer, and a litigating attorney. She has founded non-profit organizations and ran her own small business and currently sits on the Board of Directors of the Project on Government Oversight. Ryan received a Bachelor's degree with honors from Wesleyan University in Middletown, Connecticut, a law degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison, and was awarded a National Association for Public Interest Law Equal Justice Fellowship.

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Frank Maisano
Senior Principal, Bracewell & Giuliani
Frank Maisano joined Bracewell & Giuliani in 2003 after 15 years as a press secretary on Capitol Hill and as a professional media consultant specializing in energy and environment issues. He is a founder of the firm's strategic communications practice and represents wind developers, utilities, oil and gas drillers, refiners, cement companies, transmission builders, and chemical manufacturers on the strategic communications aspects of an array of policy, political, legal, and energy project siting issues. Mr. Maisano is a skilled media specialist with a track record of success in working with media outlets across the country. He has relationships with most national and trade business, and energy and environmental reporters, and communicates with them regularly through his widely-read, weekly energy updates. Mr. Maisano is also an expert in crisis management for corporations and institutions, having worked in many different arenas, including the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill for a number of clients. He has an M.B.A. from Johns Hopkins University and a B.A. from Hillsdale College.

Ben Schreiber
Climate and Energy Tax Analyst, Friends of the Earth
Benjamin Schreiber is the climate and energy tax analyst at Friends of the Earth and the co-author of Green Scissors 2010, a report that listed over $200 billion in environmentally harmful subsidies that should be eliminated. His focus is on the tax code with a goal towards fighting tax incentives to global warming gas intensive technologies and promoting tax incentives for technologies that have greenhouse gas benefits. He also works on stopping subsidies for nuclear reactors, liquid coal, and other dirty technologies. Ben came to Friends of the Earth from Environment America where he worked as an energy advocate, fighting subsidies to dirty technologies, increasing fuel economy standards and promoting renewable energy. Ben received a B.A. in sociology from the University of Chicago and a J.D. from Washington University in St. Louis.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 5: March 11, 2011, (recorded at 9:00 A.M.)

TOPICS
The current events in the Middle East and how these events will affect America's energy security. The immediate aftermath of the earthquake in Japan. Legislation being discussed in the U.S. Congress.

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris below (updated: February 2011)

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Toby S. Short
Duke Energy
Toby S. Short is a Director of Federal Governmental Affairs for Duke Energy Company in Washington, D.C. Before joining Duke Energy, Mr. Short worked on energy and environmental issues for more than a decade in the United States Senate for Senator Fritz Hollings from South Carolina and Senator Byron Dorgan from North Dakota. Additionally, he served as a Policy Advisor on energy and environmental issues for Governor Kathleen Blanco of Louisiana. A native of South Carolina, he is a graduate of Newberry College with a B.A. in History and Political Science and received his J.D. from George Mason School of Law.

Tyson Slocum
Director, Public Citizen's Energy Program
Tyson Theron Slocum joined Public Citizen's Energy Program in 2000 and is Director, promoting decentralized, sustainable energy, and providing affordable clean energy solutions for working families. Tyson covers the regulation of electricity, natural gas, and petroleum markets, including commodity futures and FERC-jurisdictional matters to promote stronger transparency measures. Tyson was appointed to serve on the CFTC's newly created Energy & Environmental Markets Advisory Committee. Tyson also covers federal legislative efforts to address climate change, particularly the impact such programs will have on the ability to moderate- and low-income households to afford access to sustainable energy. Tyson has expertise on federal subsidies for the energy sector, and promotes refocusing such incentives away from the nuclear, oil, and coal industries towards efficiency, renewable energy, and mass transit. Tyson is the author of numerous reports on these subjects presenting his findings in testimony before the U.S. Congress. He appears regularly in radio, print, and television media, including guest appearances on The Colbert Report. Prior to Public Citizen, Tyson was a policy analyst at the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy. He received his B.A. from the University of Texas at Austin and grew up in Newport, Rhode Island.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 4: January 21, 2011

TOPICS
EPA regulation of greenhouse gas pollutants under the Clean Air Act: how will it work and what will be the political response?

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris below. (Updated: February 2011)

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill below

PANELISTS

Robin Bravender
Reporter
Robin Bravender is an environment and energy reporter for Politico. Prior to joining Politico, Robin reported on climate change legislation and regulations at Environment and Energy Publishing, where she writes for Greenwire, Environment and Energy Daily, and E&ENews PM. Prior to joining E&E in 2008, she worked as a producer at Reuters Television News' Latin America desk. She has also written for Salon.com's national politics blog. Bravender has an M.A. in journalism from American University and a B.A. in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from the University of Michigan.

Jeanette Pablo
Director of Federal Affairs & Senior Climate Advisor, PNM Resources, INc.

Jeanette Pablo is an energy and environmental attorney specializing in climate and clean air policy in the US and abroad. She has spent the last five years at PNM Resources as their principle climate policy strategist and active member of the U.S. Climate Action Partnership. Previously, as President of JP Energy Strategies, she advised utility and engineering clients on clean air act policy and regulation. At the Tennessee Valley Authority, she focused on policies impacting the restart of TVA's nuclear plants and tritium production, the voluntary carbon reduction program, the new source review litigation, and the hydropower generation efficiency program. Ms. Pablo was also an associate in the energy and environment group at the law firm of Verner, Liipfert, Bernhard, McPherson and Hand. She holds a B.A. in Soviet Studies from the University of Virginia where she was an Echols Scholar, and an M.A. in Liberal Studies and a J.D. from Georgetown University.

Michael J. Zimmer
Of Counsel, Thompson Hine
Mike is Of Counsel at Thompson Hine in its Washington, DC office. Mike's practice in the firm has a focus on energy regulation, climate change and energy corporate acquisition, and project finance transactions. He has been involved in mergers, acquisitions, construction, and project financing assignments in the power generation, renewables, natural gas and electric, cogeneration and independent power, emissions credits, rural cooperative, energy and emissions trading, and manufacturing industries. He is national co-chair for 2010-11 of the American Bar Association Carbon Trading and Energy Finance Committee, and ABA Vice Chair of the Committee on Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources (which he co-chaired from 2008 to 2010). In 35 years of legal service, mike has worked with domestic and international companies, gas and electric utilities and their unregulated subsidiaries, advanced energy technology and industrial companies, energy project developers, construction companies, trade associations, financial institutions and energy technology funds, universities, and embassies in more than 35 states and 20 foreign countries. Prior to joining Thompson Hine, Mike was a partner with an international law firm in Washington, DC and had also practiced as a partner with a major Wall Street firm. Earlier in his career, he was employed at the American Gas Association (AGA) as Vice President and Assistant General Counsel, representing the natural gas transmission and distribution industries on federal legislative, tax, and regulatory matters related to gas production, LNG, gas pricing, interstate pipeline development, and curtailments. He has served the Cogeneration and INdependent Power Coalition, the Clean Coal Coalition, the Natural Gas Vehicles Coalition, the American Council on Renewable Energy, the Industrial Energy Consumers of America, the Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition, the Ohio Manufacturers' Association, and the Aluminum Association on a wide range of energy, climate change, capital formation, and advanced energy technology issues. He has also provided counsel to the USGBC, ASTM, the Capital Markets Partnership, the Green Standard and Biomass Coordinating Council (BCC) on renewables, finance, and carbon management issues. Mike has also represented clients before the Department of Energy, FERC, SEC, EPA, and Congressional committees, various federal departments, agencies, and state commissions and agencies on electric energy, renewable energy, natural gas, and energy tax proposals. Mike received his B.A. from Providence College and his J.D. from the University of Baltimore School of Law.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 3: December 17, 2010

TOPICS
What happened at COP-16 in Cancún?
From November 29 to December 10, the Sixteenth Conference of the Parties (COP-16) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was held in Cancún, México. After two weeks of negotiations the parties passed the Cancun Agreements, which consisted of the agreement from the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long Term Cooperative Action and the agreement from the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Kyoto Protocol. The Cancun Agreements represent a compromise amongst the developed and developing countries. The Agreements demonstrate the multilateral approach to negotiations and while they do not represent a new treaty or protocol themselves, they lay out a negotiating path for the next year leading up to COP-17. The Cancun Agreements contain numerous elements addressing mitigation, adaptation, the creation of a Green Climate Fund, technology transfer, capacity building, and a global goal for temperature increase. The Cancun Agreements establish a framework for the upcoming year's negotiations, as well as a framework for implementing the Green Climate Fund, to help meet the goals laid out in the Bali Action Plan. Various elements of the Cancun Agreements will be discussed on "The Hot Air Show."

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris below.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill below

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Lisa Zelljadt
Senior Analyst, Point Carbon
Elizabeth (Lisa) Zelljadt is a senior analyst in Point Carbon Thomson Reuters’ North American research group, where she focuses on regional and federal climate change policy in the US and Canada as well as forest carbon policies. She is responsible for educational initiatives in North America, teaching Point Carbon’s training courses and joint programs with academic institutions. Lisa previously worked as a journalist, covering North American climate change policy and market development as well as international climate change negotiations. She has also worked with the European Environment and Sustainable Development Advisory Councils and non-governmental organizations in the US. Lisa holds a Master of Environmental Policy from the University of Greifswald, Germany, as well as a B.A. in political science from Northwestern University.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 2: October 29, 2010

TOPICS
What happened in China at the climate talks leading up to the UNFCCC's Sixteenth Conference of the Parties in Cancun and what does it mean? An update on domestic policies in Congress and the EPA. Preview of the Upcoming Elections and the impact that will have. What is the future of pre-compliance carbon investment in offsets?

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
See biography of Chris below.

Bill Snape, Producer
See biography of Bill below

PANELISTS

Wiley Barbour
Vice President - Corporate Development, Camco North America
Wiley Barbour is the Vice-President - Corporate Development for Camco North America, a global developer of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction and clean energy projects. Prior to joining Camco, Mr. Barbour was the Executive Director of Environmental Resources Trust (ERT), a national non-profit organization dedicated to harnessing the power of markets to protect the environment. While at ERT, he worked on GHG measurement and verification standards and provided advisory services, policy analysis, and technical support to numerous government and corporate clients. In 2008, after successfully leading ERT into a merger with Winrock International in 2007, he founded American Carbon Registry, which continues to support early action to reduce GHG emissions. From 1995 to 2001, Mr. Barbour served in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Policy Office. At the EPA, he directed the U.S. Government's Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory Program and participated in the international negotiations on climate change. He contributed to the work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), chairing several expert groups while contributing to the development of the IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories, the IPCC Good Practice Guidance, and the Common Reporting Framework for the UNFCCC. Mr. Barbour also worked as a consultant and senior air pollution engineer at Radian Corporation and served with the State of Florida's Department of Environmental Regulation as a landfill inspector. He is a licensed professional engineer with a B.S. in Environmental Engineering from the University of Florida.

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Emilie Mazzacurati
Manager, Carbon Market Research North America, Point Carbon
Emilie Mazzacurati is the Head of Carbon Research North America at Point Carbon, a Thomson Reuters company. She focuses on climate policy and carbon market analysis. She has published extensively and is a regular speaker at carbon conferences on federal climate legislation, regional programs, and the interaction of carbon with other commodity markets. She previously worked as a policy advisor for the Deputy Mayor of Paris for the environment and as an analyst at the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) in Asia-Pacific. Ms. Mazzacurati holds a Masters of Public Policy from the University of California, Berkeley and a Masters of Political Science from the Institute of Political Studies of Paris, France.

Carroll Muffett
President and Chief Executive Officer, Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
Carroll Muffett is the newly appointed President and Chief Executive Officer of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), which is a leading non-profit that uses international law and institutions to defend the right to a healthy planet. Before becoming the President of CIEL, Mr. Muffett was the Executive Director of the Climate Law and Policy Project. Prior to that, he was the Deputy Campaigns Director at Greenpeace USA where he was instrumental in the organization's campaigns on global warming, forests, and other issues. From 2000 to 2006, Mr. Muffett was international counsel and Senior Director for International Conservation at Defenders of Wildlife. Before joining Defenders, he was an attorney with Covington & Burling and served as a legal fellow at CIEL. Additionally, Mr. Muffett is a member of the IUCN's Commission on Environmental Law and serves on the Board of Directors for the Species Survival Network and on the Board of Editors for the International Journal of Wildlife Law and Policy. A native of Kentucky, he is a graduate of the University of Minnesota Law School and Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service.

Toby S. Short
Duke Energy
Toby S. Short is a Director of Federal Governmental Affairs for Duke Energy Company in Washington, D.C. Before joining Duke Energy, Mr. Short worked on energy and environmental issues for more than a decade in the United States Senate for Senator Fritz Hollings from South Carolina and Senator Byron Dorgan from North Dakota. Additionally, he served as a Policy Advisor on energy and environmental issues for Governor Kathleen Blanco of Louisiana. A native of South Carolina, he is a graduate of Newberry College with a B.A. in History and Political Science and received his J.D. from George Mason School of Law.

"The Hot Air Show" Episode 1: September 17, 2010

TOPICS
What is the status of climate and energy legislation in the Senate this Fall? Why did the Kerry-Lieberman-Graham global warming bill collapse earlier this year in the Senate? What does domestic U.S. action mean for the U.N. meeting in Cancun later this year?

PARTICIPANTS

Christopher B. Berendt, Host and Creator
Of Counsel, Drinker Biddle & Reath, LLP
Head, Environmental Markets Team

Christopher B. Berendt is of counsel in Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP's Environment and Energy Practice Group and heads its Environmental Markets Team. He concentrates his practice in the design and operations of the compliance and voluntary environmental markets, counseling clients on the creation and capture of environmental asset value on matters ranging from market/regulatory development and strategy through investments, project development, and transactions. Chris has more than a decade of experience working in the energy and environmental markets. He served most recently as vice president at Pace Global Energy Services, LLC, in Fairfax, Virginia, where he played a leading role in environmental asset disposition in several of that firm's largest renewable energy project engagements, including land-based and offshore wind, biomass, landfill gas, and PV array generation. Chris is well-versed in the current condition of the United States power markets, including the latest developments regarding Renewable Portfolio Standards (state programs and federal RES/CES proposals), the Renewable Energy Certificate and Energy Efficiency Certificate markets, standard offer service/feed-in-tariffs, as well as carbon/emissions market plays. Having focused extensively in the carbon markets since their inception, Chris counsels clients in the industrial, financial, and energy sectors in the design and execution of carbon strategy, regulatory, and legislative positioning, voluntary frameworks development, green investments, and complex transactions as well as green business development and integration. He also has been active advising carbon offset project developers, investors and offtakers on pre-compliance, compliance, and voluntary market origination. Additionally, Chris has worked on Capitol Hill helping to draft the first pieces of climate change legislation introduced. He specializes in advising clients on present-day transactions and regulatory strategies, structuring them to anticipate the design and development of future federal, state/regional, and international environmental regimes. Chris has taught on the graduate and undergraduate levels as well as testified before Congress. He earned his J.D., magna cum laude, at Vermont Law School, where he was the environmental editor and a member of the editorial board of the Law Review. Chris earned his bachelor's degree from Kenyon College with a synoptic (triple pronged) major and spent a year abroad at the University of Copenhagen.

Bill Snape, Producer
Attorney
William (Bill) J. Snape, III is senior counsel with the Center for Biological Diversity, and a Practitioner in Residence at the American University Washington College of Law. He is also head swim coach at Gallaudet University. Previously, Snape was vice president and chief counsel at Defenders of Wildlife for a decade. Snape has litigated global warming cases in federal court, and argued Center for Biological Diversity v. Interior (D.C. Cir. 2009), which rejected the federal government's plan for oil and gas drilling off the coast of Alaska in part because of climate change concerns. Snape is the author of numerous articles on natural resource issues, including Biodiversity and the Law published by Island Press. He is a magna cum laude graduate of the Honors College at the University of California, Los Angeles, and received his law degree from George Washington University, where he was also the assistant swim coach.

PANELISTS

Kevin Book
Managing Director, Research, ClearView Energy Partners, LLC
Kevin Book projects and interprets macroeconomic and political catalysts that can impact energy sector supply and demand fundamentals. Mr. Book's research marries policy analysis with economic with economic forecasting to provide clients with answers to two questions: "what's next?" and "what will it mean?" Focus areas include: alternative and renewable energy economics, climate surcharges for fossil fuels, clean energy financing, and oil price forecasts. Mr. Book appears frequently within print and broadcast media, contributes to policy forums convened by government and private organizations, and has delivered testimony before U.S. House and Senate Committees. Prior to joining, ClearView, Mr. Book worked as a senior energy analyst for a national investment bank. He holds an M.A. in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and a B.A. in economics from Tufts University.

Robin Bravender
Reporter
Robin Bravender reports on climate change legislation and regulations at Environment and Energy Publishing, where she writes for Greenwire, Environment and Energy Daily, and E&ENews PM. Prior to joining E&E in 2008, she worked as a producer at Reuters Television News' Latin America desk. She has also written for Salon.com's national politics blog. Bravender has an M.A. in journalism from American University and a B.A. in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from the University of Michigan.

Toby S. Short
Duke Energy
Toby S. Short is a Director of Federal Governmental Affairs for Duke Energy Company in Washington, D.C. Before joining Duke Energy, Mr. Short worked on energy and environmental issues for more than a decade in the United States Senate for Senator Fritz Hollings from South Carolina and Senator Byron Dorgan from North Dakota. Additionally, he served as a Policy Advisor on energy and environmental issues for Governor Kathleen Blanco of Louisiana. A native of South Carolina, he is a graduate of Newberry College with a B.A. in History and Political Science and received his J.D. from George Mason School of Law.

Milo Sjardin
Head of Analysis, North America - Bloomberg New Energy Finance
Milo Sjardin is Head of North American Analysis at Bloomberg New Energy Finance, based in New York City. In his current capacity he oversees the company's research and analysis into the North American clean energy and carbon markets including the development of dedicated Carbon and REC forecasting models. Sjardin has been a leading expert in carbon price forecasting since 2005. Prior to his current role he led the company's quantitative analysis of the European and Kyoto carbon markets, based out of London. He has advised numerous companies on the implications of emissions trading on their business as well as identifying investment opportunities in the sector. Sjardin frequently speaks at conferences and has been extensively quoted in the media. Previously Sjardin worked as a consultant, advising corporations and governments on climate change policy and strategy for Enviros Consulting in London. Sjardin has an undergraduate degree in Physics and a Masters in Energy and Resources from Utrecht University.

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